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Fresh greens - excellent source of vitamins and minerals... In the summer, it grows in the open ground, in the cold season, lovers of greenery will be helped out by their own greenhouse.
Try to grow the most popular and undemanding crops: parsley and dill.
Their can be planted together with vegetables or other herbs. One small greenhouse will meet the needs of the whole family, and the leftovers can be sold to supplement your personal budget.
Benefits of greenhouse cultivation
Before building a greenhouse and purchasing seeds, make sure that this method of growing greenery has a lot of advantages:
- In a heated greenhouse, you can grow greens all year round. Unheated allows you to extend the growth period by several months.
- Using biofuels, insulation with roofing material and other small tricks, you can significantly save on electricity.
- Dill and parsley are very productive, planting can be done every two months. As a result, fresh herbs will be available throughout the year.
- Surplus crops can be sold. Fresh greens are not cheap in winter, and demand significantly outstrips supply.
- Dill grown in a greenhouse is not inferior in taste to summer greens collected in ordinary beds.
- Dill and parsley are unpretentious, do not need constant feeding, frequent watering and treatment from parasites.
- Greens can be planted with vegetablesfilling all the free space of the greenhouse and saving space.
- Even people with no agricultural experience can grow greens.
- Planting material is cheap.
Features of crops: how to ensure a good harvest?
For the successful cultivation of greenery need a small greenhouse made of wood or metal profile, covered with glass, polycarbonate or plastic wrap. Greenhouses are optimal for year-round cultivation, covered with polycarbonate, they do not require frequent repairs and retain heat well.
For beginner gardeners, a budget option with a plastic film coating is suitable. In regions with cold climates may require double glazingthat creates the effect of a thermos.
The structure should be equipped with vents for ventilation. Greens can be grown in the ground or on shelves. The latter option is suitable for those who are planning to build a business selling fresh herbs. Rack growing requires a more nutritious substrate that needs to be changed every year.
Parsley and dill need moderate moisture (about 70%). Greenhouse temperature should not exceed 20 degrees Celsius... A decrease in temperature causes a slowdown in growth, an increase leads to wilting of leaves and a loss of presentation. Greens need to be watered in a timely manner with not too cold water. How to organize photosynthesis of plants in a greenhouse, read on our website.
The seeds are planted in light soil from a mixture of garden soil and peat. Too heavy soil slows down germination. For good growth bring into the soil complex mineral fertilizers.
Fluorescent lamps are used to illuminate greenhouses. They allow you to extend the daylight hours by several hours, which is especially important in late autumn and winter. Parsley and dill are not too demanding, they will not need round-the-clock lighting.
Dill and parsley yield
Parsley and dill grow very fast... The first harvest of dill can be removed 2 months after planting. How much parsley grows in a greenhouse? Parsley sprouts earlier than dill, after 1.5 months. The dill is harvested along with the roots, the parsley is sheared to form peduncles.
Cutting begins when young plants reach a length of 25 cm. Dill yield from 1 sq m in a greenhouse with proper care is at least 2.5 kg per season. The yield of parsley in a greenhouse is roughly similar to that of dill. Speed up the distillation of parsley use of rhizomes will help... This method of cultivation allows you to take the first crop 1 month after planting in the greenhouse.
Instructions for beginners
Prepare the soil in your greenhouse. A mixture of garden soil and peat is calcined or spilled with a solution of copper sulfate. Such treatment will destroy insect larvae and pathogens. Then a small portion of mineral fertilizers or ash is added to the soil, the soil is thoroughly loosened. As a top dressing mullein solution can also be used.
Parsley and dill seeds are kept for 4-5 days in a damp cloth before sowing. Swelling seeds accelerates germination and allows faster harvesting.
Some growers prefer soak seeds in a damp cloth longer, waiting for the shoots to appear. Sprouted seeds take root better, do not get sick and do not require picking.
How to grow parsley in a greenhouse in winter? Sprouted parsley seeds planted in prepared soil at a distance of 5 cm. After planting, the soil must be well watered. How to grow dill in a greenhouse in winter? Dill is sown in rows with a distance of 30 cm, the depth of the seeds should not exceed 2 cm. After sowing, the soil is abundantly moistened. The best watering option is drip irrigation, using a watering can with a wide spray.
Some gardeners prefer to grow parsley from rhizomes. The process of growing parsley in a greenhouse in winter from rhizomes is more laborious, but the first greens can be obtained within a month after planting. For planting strong roots fit without damage, about 5 cm thick. Too long rhizomes can be cut into 6-8 cm pieces. The remains of the tops are carefully removed. The prepared roots are placed in cool sand for 10 days (the temperature of the sand is not higher than 2 degrees).
How to grow parsley in a greenhouse? In the ground, narrow furrows are dug at a distance of 15 cm. Rhizomes are laid in the furrows abundantly watered with water and sprinkled with a substrate. The neck and head of the root remain on the surface. The soil around is slightly compacted. Planted in a greenhouse roots give quality greens throughout the year, a resting phase between cuts is not required.
How to grow dill and parsley in a greenhouse? After planting, dill and parsley should be watered regularly, avoiding stagnant water. Plants do not like waterlogging.
It is advisable to wait until the topsoil dries a little, and only after that watering is carried out. Frequent ventilation of greenhouses is recommended, including in the cold season.
Plants easily tolerate minor changes in temperature, they are also insensitive to drafts. Do not let the temperature rise. Young greens tolerate excessive heat worse than a slight drop in temperature or freezing.
Parsley and dill don't need too much light. The task of the lamps in the greenhouse is to extend the daylight hours in winter. In the summertime, the backlight is not used. Occasionally weeding needs to be done in the greenhouseremoving weeds. After the first harvest, feeding with an aqueous solution of mullein is recommended.
When harvesting parsley, the greens must be cut carefully without damaging the growth points. Young greens cut with a sharp knife or garden shears.
The dill is harvested along with the roots, the vacated areas are loosened and prepared for sowing a new batch of seeds. To ensure an uninterrupted harvest of dill in the greenhouse - cultivation, or rather planting, it is better to carry out in portions, with an interval of 1-2 months.
Green crops can be grown alongside vegetables. Dill is especially convenient, it can fill all the free space without interfering with planted tomatoes, eggplants or peppers. You can grow dill and parsley along with celery, cilantro, mint and other herbs.
Growing dill and parsley in a greenhouse in winter - great experience for novice gardeners... Having received the first harvest, you can think about breeding other, more capricious crops.
Video about planting dill in a greenhouse. Also, there is partly information about planting radishes in a greenhouse, which can be found in more detail in our article.