Transplanting carefully grown seedlings into open ground is a crucial moment for any gardener.
With the correct procedure, plants do not slow down growth, flowering and ovary formation occurs just in time.
For the transplant to be successful, it is important to choose the right time, prepare the soil, and do not forget about watering and tying up.
Transplanting to a greenhouse or garden: when to carry it out
For the successful growth of eggplants, it is important to choose the right transplant time. Eggplants are very thermophilic, the soil should warm up to 12-13 degrees... Usually, the soil reaches this temperature in the second half of May. In accordance with popular beliefs, the ideal time for transplanting eggplants into the beds and in cold greenhouses will be the season of mass flowering of dandelions.
If the cold spring is prolonged, the process of heating the soil can be accelerated, covering the beds with a double layer of plastic wrap or opaque non-woven material... When moving plants into open ground, you can take more drastic measures by building a temporary shelter over the beds. Arcs made of strong wire are stuck into the ground, over which a plastic film is stretched. In such an impromptu greenhouse, the seedlings feel comfortable and are not afraid of sudden frosts. In heated greenhouses, seedlings can be planted all year round.
Most varieties are ready for transplanting at the age of 20-25 days after germination... The sowing time is calculated accordingly. If you plan to grow eggplant outdoors, they are sown for seedlings in the second half of April and transplanted in early June. For planting under the film, seeds are sown in late March-early April, moving young plants to the beds on May 10-15. For film and glazed greenhouses, seedlings have been grown since the end of March, and on April 15, she is ready to move to a permanent place of residence.
When choosing a planting time, you must also take into account the type of eggplant. For better fruiting some hybrids are recommended to be planted 5-10 days later than the indicated dates... More mature seedlings take root better and form ovaries faster. It is worth focusing on the appearance of young plants. Ideal seedlings are strong, with thick juicy stems and bright, not drooping greens. Presence of 4-5 true sheets is desirable.
The stems should not be too elongated.... If the transplantation to the beds is postponed, it is recommended to treat seedlings in containers with special preparations that slow down growth. Light formulations of Camposan or TUR, which are safe for plants, are suitable. The preparations do not slow down the formation of buds and the formation of ovaries, the eggplant stems become stronger, the appearance of the seedlings is improved.
Before moving seedlings, the soil must be prepared. Zthe earth is loosened thoroughly, the remains of plants and small debris are selected from it. A portion of humus or peat is introduced into the soil. The lighter the soil, the higher the eggplant yield.... In the greenhouse, it is recommended that the topsoil be renewed annually. For greater safety, it can be spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate. It is advisable to use the same land that was used for growing seedlings, the adaptation of young plants will be more successful.
It is better to prepare the wells before planting the plants. A portion of rotted manure is introduced into each and sprinkled with a light layer of peat. It's a good idea to spill the wells with hot water and let them cool down. The distance between the bushes varies from 40 to 50 cm and depends on the type of eggplant. More compact plants can be planted denser. Row spacings at least 70 cm wide are required.
Transplant eggplant: step by step
Transplanting young plants best done in the morning, in warm sunny weather.
- Cups of eggplant seedlings are gently turned over... It is impossible to pull the stems, the seedlings are fragile and easily injured. The plant is removed together in a lump of earth, entwined with roots. There is no need to shake off the soil. Seedlings grown in peat pots or tablets cannot be removed from their containers.
- The seedling moves into the hole... The depth should correspond to an earthen coma; it is undesirable to take roots. The seedling is deepened to the cotyledonous leaves, the surface of the earthen coma is covered with fresh soil by 2-3 cm. It is impossible to bury the plants too deep, this can provoke the appearance of a black leg. Leaving roots on the surface is also not worth it.
- The soil around the plant is carefully squeezed by hands... It cannot be tamped tightly, but further erosion of the soil should not be allowed. Each seedling is watered with warm, settled water (at least 1-2 liters).
- From above, the soil is mulched... You can use humus, peat, or straw. But a whiter, more convenient option is to cover the ground with a dark opaque film or other opaque non-woven material, in which holes for plants are cut. Such a shelter will protect the eggplant from a sudden drop in temperature, reduce adaptation time and protect it from weeds.
Attention! Immediately after transplanting, the eggplants are tied up. The ideal option is a rope trellis. A stand is fixed above the bed, to which strong, thin ropes are attached, not in a rhyme.
Planting eggplant seeds: material preparation
You can do without growing seedlings at home by sowing eggplant seeds directly into the ground. Seeds pre-enumerated, empty and deformed are rejected. Some gardeners prefer to sow the seeds dry, believing that the newly appeared sprouts are easily injured. Others soak the seed in a little warm water or wrap it in a damp cloth to swell. The choice of method depends on the type of eggplant and personal preference.
Before sowing in open beds seeds can be hardened... They are wrapped in a damp cloth, wait for the emergence of sprouts, and then the seed is sent to the lower chamber of the refrigerator for a day. This procedure increases the immunity of plants, making them immune to adverse weather conditions.
Another tried and tested way is warming up the seeds... It takes place at a temperature of 60 degrees and lasts about 2 hours. Then the seed is placed for 12 hours in an aqueous solution of manganese sulfate, potassium nitrate and superphosphate.
Learn more about preparing seeds before sowing.
Sowing in the ground: step by step instructions
It is better to plant eggplants with seeds in the second half of May or early June.
- The beds are being prepared, are cleaned of debris and fertilized with a generous portion of humus.
- The soil must be loosened well. and make furrows 5-7 cm deep.
- In them seeds are sown at a distance of 10-20 cm... The distance depends on the variety, usually more accurate data is indicated on the seed package.
reference! Early maturing eggplants can be planted more densely, late maturing ones need free space.
Another option is also possible.
- In the ground holes are made, the same as when planting seedlings.
- Distance between holes about 20 cm, row spacing - at least 40 cm. A little rotted manure is laid out in each hole and sprinkled with a layer of peat.
- 4-5 seeds are sown.
This option is convenient when growing on trellises.
Furrows or holes poured with warm, settled water from a watering can... Then they are sprinkled with soil and easily tamped with palms. The stand of the substrate should be very thin, no more than 1 cm. Some gardeners prefer not to cover the seeds, leaving them on the surface. In this case, the surface of the soil with crops is covered with film or glass. Landings can be insulated by covering them with straw mats.
After 10 days, after emergence, plantings are thinned out... Weak shoots are removed: cut with a knife or pinched. You cannot pull them out, this can injure the roots of strong seedlings.
After thinning young plants need to be fedby watering them with an aqueous solution of slurry or diluted bird droppings. After fertilization, the planting is watered abundantly with clean water. It also rinses off the top dressing that accidentally fell on the leaves. This will help prevent burns.
Read other articles on growing and caring for eggplant seedlings:
- Different growing methods: in peat tablets, in a snail and even on toilet paper.
- All the features of sowing according to the lunar calendar.
- The golden rules for growing from seeds.
- Features of cultivation in various regions of Russia: in the Urals, in Siberia and the Moscow region.
- When is the best time to sow seeds?
Correctly transplanted eggplants should quickly start growing, actively laying flower buds. Timely feeding, proper watering, protection of plants from bad weather and insect pests will help improve adaptation.