Goji berries are called a real panacea, as they can restore lost health and restore strength.
But where did these extraordinary fruits come from and what are they?
Meet the goji!
In fact, goji is a type of common wolfberry and grows in Tibet and China.
Outwardly, the berries are similar to barberry, which misleads many gardeners..
At the same time, the plant belongs to the varieties of wolfberry, but it is completely safe for ingestion.
Moreover, the bright red goji fruits have a positive effect on the body, making it healthy, stimulating metabolism, improving blood circulation and saturating it with renewed vigor.
They contain many useful amino acids, ascorbic acid, vitamin B group and minerals necessary for the body to function normally.
Recently, goji began to be used as a means for losing weight. Studies have shown that their correct use can help you lose weight in a short time.
The fruits of the plant have a beneficial effect on blood pressure, bringing it back to normal, reduce blood cholesterol, and protect the muscles of the heart.
It should be noted the strong antioxidant effect of goji berries and their ability to strengthen the immune system. It is also an excellent tool for the prevention of cancer.
How does goji take root in Russia?
Despite the fact that the homeland of goji is China and Tibet, the plant gets along well in our land.
So, Caucasians, residents of Ukraine and Kuban, as well as Russians living in the middle zone of the country are engaged in its cultivation.
The shrub can be planted in almost any region of Russia.
If the climate is mild, warm, then goji can be kept on the site all year round..
If the region has a cold climate, it is better to cover the plant for the winter period or take it to a room where it is always cool and fresh, after transplanting it into a deep container.
Goji flowering time is from early summer to October. Flowers can be bright pink, purple, purple, brownish. They exude a pleasant aroma. There are thorns on the branches, so you need to carefully plant a shrub and collect fruits from it.
It is interesting that goji are grown not only for the sake of useful berries, but also for the purpose of decorating the garden plot.
Choosing a place for planting and growing secrets
The best place to grow goji is well-lit by the sun. The shrub needs a soil enriched with fertilizers, perfectly permeable to water. At the very beginning of cultivation, goji should be periodically watered and "fed", but when the plant gets stronger, care for them is no longer required.
Goji propagation is carried out using cuttings or seeds..
The latter are planted in the greenhouse in the spring season.
After the seedling is stretched out, its crown must be carefully removed by hand, and the plant must be transplanted into the ground in the open air.
Propagation of goji by cuttings is much faster.
This will require ten centimeter (or longer) lignified cuttings. Planting is carried out again in the spring. This is necessary in order for the plant to grow and give strong roots by autumn.
Planting cuttings in the fall is dangerous because in winter the plant can simply freeze. However, tests have shown that risks are reduced to zero in some of the warmest regions of our country.
A gardener will not immediately please with fruits. Usually, for the first two or three years, it does not bear fruit, but then there is no shortage of berries. Collect them only when it is clear and dry outside.
It is not recommended to touch fresh fruits with unprotected hands, as their juice is dangerous for the skin - it can provoke an allergic reaction.
In order to make goji berries really useful for the body, they must be properly dried. Drying is carried out until the peel of the fruit begins to peel off, and the fruit can be easily separated from the stalk.
If the berry is not yet ripe, its use can cause serious toxic poisoning. Ripeness is evidenced by the color: it should be bright red.
The most suitable soil acidity level for growing goji shrubs on it is a level from slightly acidic to highly alkaline. However, subject to the rules of planting and caring for the plant, it will take root on any soil.