We have already talked about the organization of the relationship between the garden plot and the house, how to divide the plot into zones and create "multilevel".
We mentioned the role of the fence in the design of the garden plot. Today we'll talk about composition, shape and color scheme.
Mistake 1. Passion for geometry
One of the principles of building landscape design is the rule of repetition of motives.
Based on this principle, some gardeners, having a rectangular plot, also equip all other elements of the garden with the help of straight lines.
The paths are made straight, the lawn is square.
Landscaping professionals have the exact opposite rule..
They create new shapes that run counter to classical geometry. The strong contrast creates a sense of “negation” of the existing garden form.
On an elongated and narrow section, uneven elements should prevail, for example, tracks can be placed diagonally or in an arc, without the presence of corners.
The preference for a particular method depends on the idea and style of the site.:
- if, according to the plan, an element of the correct shape should be located on the site, choose a rhombus instead of a square.
Reshape with smooth, soft lines that will make the eye slide more slowly. Organize a round area for rest, without resorting to a rectangle, place the path diagonally;
- if you prefer a landscape layout, round smooth lines that form winding shapes will come to your rescue. Get inspiration from nature. Make paths of an irregular shape with convolutions, a recreation area - an irregular shape with waves and ovals.
If it is not possible to organize a landscape path, you can make "trompe l'oeil" by constructing unusual passages. In a small area, the illusion of such a path is often created using various materials. They alternate in an interesting way (but not in a checkerboard pattern). The impression of sinuousness is created by an invented paving scheme.
The methods proposed above relate to flower beds, flower beds, large plants that act as decorative sculptures, lawns and reservoirs. It is recommended to make a front lawn in the form of an arc or a ribbon. You can resort to creating an arbitrary curved lawn.
The objects decorating the site are arranged according to a free scheme, without resorting to a straight path. Smooth, rounded lines remove sharp corners from the site and visually increase the space of the garden.
Site accessories are also selected on the "opposite" principle. This method is resorted to at will or as necessary, if, for example, there are too narrow or sharp zones.
Mistake 2. There is no composition on the site
The term "composition" is known to everyone, but not everyone knows that when organizing the space of a garden plot, you also need to build a certain composition.
Design students have been studying composition for five years - the concept is so broad.
Compositing is not symmetry, matching accessories of the same color, or classic style..
Composition is the science of how to correctly arrange objects in the garden so that everything looks aesthetically pleasing and beautiful.
Some people instinctively follow a composition. For example, the choice of clothes, the ability to dress is also an element of compositional construction.
Any composition is built around a specific center, which is a large catchy object that cannot be overlooked.
The center is called in another way an active dominant, because it attracts the eye with color, shape, structure, bright or delicate shades, originality or unusualness. In this case, the central structure can be located on any territory of the site.
The composition includes the proportional relationship of objects in relation to each other. If this principle is violated, it seems that each object is taken from a different place, due to which the harmony of perception is disturbed.
How can you maintain proportionality?:
- competently plan the site. For a large house, select large gazebos, large trees and other elements. Objects in the garden of a small house should not accordingly be huge;
- resort to special techniques and tricks. If there is already a large house on a small plot, it is worth visually increasing the size of the land.
Compositional principles also apply to specific distances. Before setting up objects, be sure to think about which objects will stand side by side or be located in the same composition. Accuracy is required, up to centimeters. This question is relevant if you decide to add another item to an existing group.
The principle of the golden ratio will help here. It is used in the creation of any work of art. It is not easy to calculate, but it is possible if you understand its definition.
Mistake 3. Wrong color used
The mistake is very common because the garden contains a lot of shades.
Plantings of different colors play an important role.
Some people think that the most important thing is to plant more brightly colored plants. It's a delusion.
The combination of colors should be harmonious:
- nuanced harmony involves the use of different shades of the same color;
- tonal harmony - the use of different, but related colors;
- contrasting harmony - using opposite contrasting colors.
In each variant, it is possible to match two, three or four colors. There is a separate group of neutrals that balance out the brightness. These include beige, light yellow, gray, sand, cream, and others.
In daylight, only warm tones are not distorted. For this reason, it is recommended to plant "warm" flowers in the sun, and "cold" flowers in the shade. During the day, the lighting on the street changes, so it is important to pay attention to how the shade looks in different light.
Desaturated colors are used to create background designs, and with the help of bright shades, accents are set. A color collage will help to determine the color scheme: a photo of the garden is glued onto a large sheet of paper and samples of paints and other materials for the garden are applied.