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In our hectic and stressful time, there are more and more people who want to take a break from the city at their dacha in the summer, and at the same time put vegetables and fruits on the family table without a variety of "chemistry".
In this regard, more and more summer residents follow the idea of organic farming, the main goal of which is to preserve and increase soil fertility by natural means. To do this, it is not at all necessary to regularly dig up the garden and apply fertilizers. It is enough now, in autumn, to correctly create conditions for work in the spring.
We build an organic garden in the country
The most difficult step in setting up smart organic beds is to dig up the ground twice. You will need a rectangular shovel, a pitchfork and a board - a flooring as long as the planned width of the bed (meter - one and a half, no more, otherwise it will be inconvenient to reach the middle from either side).
So, let's plan the garden. The shape can be absolutely arbitrary.
We spill the soil with water, at first only moistening the surface, after a while more strongly. Now the bed should stand for a day. The next day, before digging, we will water the earth again and begin work in one and a half to two hours.
We lay the board on the garden bed, moving it a little more than the width of the shovel from the edge. We remove a layer of turf about five to ten centimeters thick, clean it from the roots of weeds, put it on the path.
We act in the same way along the entire length of the bed, moving along the board. Next, we take out the soil layer, carefully, trying not to mix or turn it over, fold it at the end of the garden bed. This manipulation will allow not to destroy the delicate balance of microflora in humus.
Now, at the bottom of the resulting groove, we deeply loosen the earth. To do this, raise with a pitchfork and immediately lower a layer of soil about thirty centimeters. We place the previously dug layers of turf on the bottom of the trench with the vegetation down.
The next step will be the introduction of organic fertilizers: a layer of semi-ripe manure, not yet ripe compost, chopped weeds without roots, green siderates are poured down.
We move the board further and, similarly to the first, we begin to dig the next groove. With a layer of soil dug out of it, carefully, without mixing, fill the first one. Finishing the excavation of the "smart" bed, fill the last groove with soil taken out from the first trench.
You can immediately arrange the sides around the edges - from boards, slate, any other suitable material.
We compact the earth by placing a board and stomping on it. Move the board along its entire length. The middle needs to be deepened somewhat so that when watering, the water does not drain from the garden. We water the bed with a fungicide solution and hide it under a dark covering material until spring.
The smart organic bed is ready!
At first, it will rise fifteen to twenty centimeters above the level of the path, later the soil will settle. Now it is possible to walk on it only on the flooring.
The smart bed has excellent air permeability and can retain water, so next year it will not need frequent watering, constant weeding, and no need to dig it up. There will be no need to feed the organic garden bed either.