The treatment of ear diseases with compresses with boric acid has been practiced by people at all times. The use of a compress with boric acid can be compared with physiotherapy, but the compress is much more affordable, and you can use it without a doctor's prescription.
Next, we will tell you what types of medical dressings are, how to apply them correctly, the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure. In what cases it is worth refraining from warming bandages. What other methods of treating the ears with this drug and what to choose at a high temperature. And also, the side effects of the drug.
What it is?
A compress is a medical bandage that is applied to a sore spot. The composition of the compresses should contain an active medicinal substance. The compress can have both a warming and a cooling effect. Warming compresses are used for inflammatory processes, and cooling compresses are used for fractures, sprains, dislocations and other injuries. The structure of the compress is different, depending on what effect is required.
When applying a cooling compress, it is important not to expose the tissue to frostbite, so a cold substance is applied to the affected area for a short time.
If the treatment requires warmth, then both dry and moist warming compress can be used. In the first case, it is necessary to create a "greenhouse effect" around the sore spot, and in the second - to warm up the tissue and prevent burns. The wet compress is covered with polyethylene and then with a cloth, and the dry heat source is wrapped in several layers of tissue before being applied to the sore spot.
The appearance of the compress depends on where it is applied. It usually looks like a regular but rather tight bandage.
Important! In no case should a warming compress be applied if the disease is accompanied by a high fever. The heat further increases the temperature.
- A dry compress is used if there is not only pain in the ear, but also discharge. The compress warms up the affected organ and absorbs the secretions. The dry bandage protects the ear from dust and other environmental influences.
- A wet compress is necessary to act on the ear with various active substances. These are boric acid, alcohol, vodka, camphor oil, herbal infusions and other medicinal substances.
Wet alcohol compress should not be applied for injured skin and dermatitis.
Pros and cons of using
Before applying, you need to familiarize yourself with the pros and cons of the procedure. Among the advantages:
- Ease of use.
- Availability of ingredients.
- Low cost of treatment.
- High efficiency.
The disadvantages include:
- Disadvantages of its individual components and active ingredients.
- Alcohol compresses are not advised to be applied to children.
- If alcohol is diluted with water incorrectly, you can get a tissue burn at the site of applying the compress.
The correct choice of the compress and the active substance, as well as the competent and careful application of the bandage, negates all the disadvantages.
What is the difference from the turundochka and the instillation procedure?
It is possible to treat a sore ear not only with the help of a compress, but also with turunda with boric acid, which are placed directly into the sore ear. Boric acid is no less effective when instilled. What is the difference between these treatments compared to using a compress?
- Turundochka Is a small cotton cone that can be easily made at home. It is impregnated with boric acid, squeezed out, removing the excess, and put into the sore ear, pressing it lightly, and covering it with cotton on top. Before using the turundochka, the ear must be cleaned of wax. Boric acid warms up the sore ear from the inside, while the cotton ball absorbs excess moisture in the ear, preventing the growth of bacteria.
- Instillation of boric acid - this procedure is as quick as using a turunda. 3-4 drops of warmed boric acid are instilled into the previously cleaned ear and cover the ear canal with a cotton swab. It is recommended to do up to 4 instillations per day.
Note! Do not bury a cold solution of boric acid in the ear, this will lead to increased pain.
There are no differences between these two methods from applying a compress, tk. one active ingredient is involved in the treatment. Turundochki and instillations do not have such an obvious warming effect as a compress, and are contraindicated in children. But for adults, the use of turunda and instillations in some cases will be easier and faster than applying a compress.
Choice of treatment method
If doubts arise when choosing a method of treatment, then it is worth remembering the contraindications to a particular procedure. Compresses are contraindicated at high temperatures and purulent inflammations, turunda and instillation - during pregnancy and lactation, in childhood, as well as with injuries of the tympanic membrane. You need to build on your own condition and characteristics of the body when choosing a method of treatment.
When are lotions not allowed?
There are conditions of the patient in which the use of a warming compress on the ear is completely unacceptable. If the patient has:
- discharge from the ear is observed;
- damaged skin, dermatitis or furunculosis is observed;
- impaired coordination of movements and orientation in space.
In no case should a warming compress be used, it is fraught with serious complications. If you put a warming compress to the patient for purulent otitis media, then purulent inflammation under the influence of high temperature will go to the meninges.
How to apply: step by step instructions
To properly apply a warming compress to your ear, you need to prepare the following materials:
- The fabric is folded in several layers so that a rectangle is 10x6 cm in size. Gauze, bandage or any cotton fabric will do. In the center of the rectangle, make a small incision along the length of the ear.
- A piece of polyethylene, slightly larger. An incision must also be made in it.
- A piece of cotton wool to cover these two layers. The thickness of the cotton wool should be about 2-3 cm.
- Elastic or regular bandage or compression bandage for fixation.
On a note. To impregnate the compress, an alcoholic solution of boric acid is used, which should be diluted with water so as not to get burned, especially if the compress is installed for a long time. The proportions are 1: 1, for children - 1: 3.
Before using the solution, you need to warm it up a little, soak it with a cloth or gauze, and then squeeze out the excess so that the solution does not flow out from under the dressing.
To apply a compress, you need:
- Remove hair from the ear, remove all jewelry.
- Put a cloth moistened with boric acid solution on the sore ear.
- Put a piece of polyethylene on top. If the components of the compress are too large for the patient's face, you need to carefully cut off the excess.
- On top of the polyethylene, you need to put a layer of cotton wool, and fix it with a bandage.
- A scarf can be put on top of the compress to enhance the effect and more secure fixation of the dressing.
The compress is kept as long as the sensation of pleasant warmth remains without a burning sensation. It is not recommended to leave a wet compress overnight., but a dry compress is possible, especially after the wet one has been removed.
Despite all of its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, boric acid is toxic in high doses. When using, it is imperative to observe the dosage and indications; in case of contraindications, it is unacceptable to use boric acid (what are the indications for the use of boric acid?).
An overdose of the drug is possible, and among the symptoms:
- nausea and vomiting;
- intense thirst;
- rash on the skin, in the absence of other reasons for its appearance;
- tremor of the limbs;
- manifestation of symptoms of renal failure.
If symptoms of an overdose of boric acid appear, you need to call an ambulance, because there is no specific antidote, an overdose is treated with a general detoxification of the body. Only a doctor will be able to determine the severity of the condition, because in some cases a blood transfusion is required.
Boric acid is used in both folk and traditional medicine, due to its antiseptic properties, not only for the treatment of ear diseases. Read our articles on what boric acid, boric alcohol are and how they differ from salicylic acid.
Boric acid is an effective remedy for ear diseases. It is important to follow the directions when using it at home without consulting your doctor. If the remedy did not have the desired effect after application for 3-5 days, you must see a doctor without fail.