Many of you have grown potatoes on your site. The yield is usually quite high. But few people know that it can be increased approximately two times. This is exactly what Dutch potato technology does. For several years now, gardeners have successfully used the Dutch method of planting potatoes, which is characterized by high yields. Previously, this method was considered acceptable only for large farms, but it also became relevant in summer cottages. This article describes in detail how to grow potatoes using Dutch technology and get a good harvest.
What is this method?
The main essence of the technique lies in the complete rejection of traditional holes - instead of them, high rolls are formed, which protect the roots from decay and provide a continuous flow of oxygen.
Thus, the development of tubers takes place in more favorable conditions. Located on the ridges, they have direct access to the sun's rays.
The following basic principles of Dutch technology can be distinguished:
- The use of exclusively high quality planting material purchased in specialized stores and nurseries.
- Using the principle of crop rotation - the planting site must be changed every 3 years. The ideal precursors for potatoes are cereals and legumes.
- Timely application of appropriate fertilizers.
- Pest control of vegetable crops, as well as sources of viral and bacterial infection.
- Special soil treatment in spring and autumn.
The technique does not tolerate amateur performance - all procedures must be consistent and timely. The technology is distinguished by high productivity - the yield from one bush reaches 1.5-2.5 kg... Thus, on a standard household plot, the farmer will receive about 300 kilograms of selected potatoes from a hundred square meters.
Pros and cons of the method
Positive consequences of using Dutch technology:
- Quick harvesting thanks to the use of medium early potato varieties.
- The most intensive tuber formation on each bush.
- The correct shape and more attractive appearance of the vegetable.
- Consistency of taste characteristics during storage.
The disadvantages include:
- Growing potatoes according to the Dutch method requires a lot of effort from the farmer during the entire vegetative period, special attention should be paid to preparatory work.
- The difficulty of observing the crop sowing turnover of crops in small summer cottages.
- A denser fit reduces the effectiveness of the method due to space savings.
- A gardener can make a mistake when purchasing planting material - some experience is needed to buy an elite variety.
- The summer resident's lack of the ability to clearly adhere to the timing of all the necessary manipulations.
Necessary conditions for the technique in the country
To achieve a positive result, you must follow a strict schedule of actions.
Dutch varieties are best suited for the method.... They are deservedly considered resistant to many diseases, as well as to unstable weather conditions. A gardener should pay attention to the following types:
- Red Scarlett;
- Mona Lisa;
Russian agronomists from the northern regions are advised to give preference to domestic varieties due to climatic features.
Regardless of the variety chosen, the planting material must be properly prepared.
To obtain powerful shoots, potatoes should be varietal and not too large. Ideal parameters of potatoes - 5 cm in diameter with a mass of up to 50 g... Eyes, however, should be at least 5. Potatoes are germinated within a month on a thin layer of paper or cloth at a temperature not higher than +18 ° С.
It is advisable to start planting when the shoots reach 5 mm. This is the most suitable size for planting material. This rule should be strictly observed only with mechanized planting in order to prevent damage to the shoots. In the conditions of the suburban area, the length of the processes up to 2.5 cm is possible.
Land, tools and fertilizers
Soil preparation should be attended to in the autumn. The landing site should be perfectly level at a low elevation, as well as well-lit and airy. These conditions are extremely important in order to avoid destructive stagnation of moisture.
Having marked out the beds, it is worth digging up the soil to a depth of 22-27 cm, and also applying fertilizers. For these purposes, rotted manure or compost is suitable. With regard to inorganic compounds, add 20 g of potassium sulfate and 50 g of superphosphate for each square meter of land.
An additional benefit will be sowing the site with plants, which will subsequently be embedded in the soil, enriching it with nitrogen - alfalfa, mustard or rapeseed. All manipulations are conveniently carried out with a reversible plow or a cultivator with a disc.
At the very beginning of spring, the garden is plowed again, this time enriching the soil with carbomide or ammonium sulfate (40-50 g per m22). You can also add urea. Processing during this period is carried out by a milling cutter-cultivator, which crushes, loosens and levels the soil.
Ordinary forks with a depth gauge can also be used (the teeth should be 6 mm thick and 30 mm apart).
It is important to minimize the time interval between soil preparation and planting of tubers so that the soil does not lose moisture and oxygen. In this case, you need to wait for the soil to warm up to + 10 ° C.
Planting material is placed sprouts upward to a depth of 6-8 cm along with ash, eggshells and onion husks. The distance between the future bushes should be about 30 cm, and between the rows themselves - 70-75 cm. Then a high ridge with a cross-sectional area of 1500 cm is formed2... Such conditions provide maximum nutrition for the bush, the roots are aerated, and excess water flows freely between the shafts.
When the first stems appear, all weeds should be carefully removed and the seedlings should be sprinkled so that the shaft reaches a height of 12 cm.The optimal embankment width should be 35 cm.After about a month, the weeding procedure should be repeated, and the height of the ridges should be increased to 30 cm. For this you can use a hoe or shovel.
In the future, herbicides are used to combat weeds. Also for this purpose, it is permissible to fill the space between the rows with peat chips or freshly cut grass.
Watering is best done by drip irrigation... If this is not possible, for the entire vegetative period it is carried out 3 times - before the appearance of buds, 7-10 days after the beginning of active flowering, and then 10 days after its end.
Processing from the Colorado potato beetle is carried out strictly before the flowering of the bushes, and then repeated 3-4 more times. In order to avoid addiction, it is recommended to use a new remedy every time - "Zhukoed", "Bankol", "Corado".
Prevention of late blight should be carried out 5-6 times per season with drugs such as "Skor", "Topaz", "HOM".
Before harvesting potatoes, the shoots are harvested and burned... The tubers are left in the ground for another 1.5 weeks so that their skin becomes denser. This will allow the vegetable to last longer.
How to use this method at home?
It is no less interesting to try to apply the Dutch technology right on the balcony. To do this, you should:
- Prepare boxes, bags or buckets where potatoes will grow and place them on a warm loggia. The depth of the vessels must be at least 25 cm.
- Choose a soil - airy, but not too loose. Put the drainage on the bottom of the pot in a layer of 2-3 cm.
- A suitable substrate is turf or rotted compost.
- Sprout the tubers before planting and place them in a container with sprouts upwards in three layers (the first row is 6 cm from the bottom, then two more with the same intervals). This will significantly save space.
- The temperature regime should be stable without sudden changes (25-32 ° С), and the air humidity should not exceed 65-75%. Such parameters will contribute to the maximum division of tubers.
- Watering is required rather sparsely once every 12-15 days, which will protect the roots from rot and fungal infections.
- Plant nutrition - complex liquid mineral fertilizers once every 7 days throughout the vegetative period.
With strict adherence to the technique, it will be possible to collect 1.5 kg of small tubers from one bush and feast on homemade potatoes in an urban setting.
Thus, Dutch agricultural technology is a reliable way to increase the efficiency of potato planting. Elite seed and the effort spent on observing all the regulations will pay off in the number of seedlings and the quality of the tubers.