Peking cabbage is a tasty and healthy vegetable that has become quite popular among gardeners.
It has many varieties that differ in yield, resistance to pests, ripening speed, etc. One of the most popular is the hybrid variety of Peking cabbage Bilko F1.
Bilko F1 variety was obtained by hybridization in Holland. It was bred by scientists of the Bejo company, which has been breeding vegetable crops since 1899 and still occupies one of the leading positions among seed producers.
In this article, we will consider the features of Bilko F1 cabbage, talk about the rules of growing and care, and also talk about diseases and pests that affect this vegetable.
Differences from other varieties
This variety belongs to medium early, ripening period from 65 to 75 days. Differs in good productivity, disease resistant... Bilko is immune to many races of keels, downy mildew, fusarium and mucous bacteriosis.
Differs in excellent transportability, does not lose its properties and presentation during transportation. It can be kept fresh for a long time - from 2 to 6 months.
Reference! The seeds of the Bilko variety, like many hybrid ones, are processed and ready for planting; it is not necessary to soak and perform other manipulations with them before sowing.
The fork is formed rectangular, has a rounded shape. Average weight ranges from one kilogram to two... The density of the head of cabbage is medium, and the stump inside is short.
The leaves are ovoid, turned in the opposite direction, pimply, green.
When the cabbage reaches ripeness, the leaves at the bottom acquire a yellowish-white color, and at the top they become a rich light green color.
Bilko can be grown both outdoors and in greenhouses and even indoors.... In open ground, it is usually planted with seedlings. In order to grow a vegetable on a windowsill, it is necessary to prepare the soil and sow seeds in the greenhouse.
Where and how much can you buy seeds?
You can buy this variety in specialized stores and departments. You can also place an order online, through the online store. Depending on the number of seeds and the firm, the price can be from 40 rubles. up to RUB 1,500
Who grows this vegetable crop more often?
This variety of cabbage is grown both on personal plots and on an industrial scale. Due to the fact that Bilko does not lose its presentation for a long time, it is convenient to transport it to shops and markets for fresh sale. Therefore, this variety of Peking cabbage is often chosen by farmers and agricultural workers.
Step-by-step instructions for the gardener
In order to get an earlier harvest, it is necessary to plant Peking cabbage in open ground with seedlings. You need to sow seeds for seedlings in April..
- Before planting, spill the soil with boiling water with potassium permanganate. This will save the cabbage from such an ailment as black leg.
- It is better to plant the seeds immediately in a separate glass or cassette, immersing them in the soil for about half a centimeter.
- After that, install containers in a room with a temperature of at least 20-24 degrees. Sprouts appear after 4 days.
Now Chinese cabbage needs to get a lot of light. You need to install it on a well-lit window. If there is little light, you need to create artificial lighting. Seedlings must be fertilized with urea, wood ash as they grow, and watered in sufficient quantities.
After 3-4 leaves appear on the seedlings, it is planted in open ground. Before transplanting, the land must be fertilized.... For 1 sq. m recommended:
- compost - 5 kg;
- dolomite flour - 150 gr;
- wood ash - 4 tbsp.
Seedlings are planted at a distance of 30 cm, leaving about half a meter in the aisle.
Caring for Peking cabbage is easy. Bilko is resistant to the main diseases that affect cruciferous plantsbut is prone to the formation of flowering arrows under unfavorable conditions.
The main reasons for this are:
- too low or high temperatures at the beginning of plant growth;
- damage to the root system during transplantation;
- too long daylight hours (more than 13 hours);
- too close arrangement of cabbage bushes to each other.
In addition, it is necessary to loosen the soil in time, and remove weeds, apply fertilizers before planting; on depleted soil, the yield will not be high.
Important! When planting Peking cabbage, it is necessary to observe the crop rotation; in the same place, the culture can be planted only after 3-4 years.
The top leaves of Peking cabbage are cut and used to make salads. A ripe head of cabbage is cut off together with the stump. Bilko Chinese cabbage is used for harvesting and is well stored, because the head of this variety is covered with leaves, and does not deteriorate for a long time during storage.
This variety is equally productive both when planting seeds in the ground, and when growing seedlings. It will not work to grow and collect seeds of the Bilko variety on your own, because the required properties will not be saved. Specialized varieties must be purchased from trusted producers.
Bilko cabbage is fermented or kept fresh... Heads of cabbage are selected that are not stuck in frost and are not affected by fungal diseases, and are not damaged.
For storage, cabbage can be wrapped in plastic wrap or left uncovered. It is placed in a box in one layer and placed in the cellar. Humidity there should be 95-98%, air temperature from 0 to +2 degrees. If the numbers are higher, the cabbage may start to sprout. Another way of storing cabbages is to freeze them.
When storing Peking cabbage in a cellar, its proximity to any fruit is unacceptable.
The Manoko F1 variety has similar characteristics to Bilko. This is an early ripe cabbage, inferior in weight to a head of cabbage - up to 1 kg, but also retaining its properties and appearance well during transportation and storage. Like Bilko, she is resistant to common diseases. Varieties for fresh use are quite popular:
- Peking broadleaf.
More suitable for storage and fermentation will be:
- Slides F1.
- Russian size.
Diseases and pests
During the growing season, it is unacceptable to use any pesticides for pest control, therefore, wood ash is used to protect against pests, with which it is necessary to dust the leaves and soil. In addition to it, salt, dry mustard, red ground pepper are used. Slugs and caterpillars are best harvested by hand.
Since Bilko is a hybrid variety, resistant to major diseases, with proper care, you will not have to use chemical processing agents. The seeds of this Chinese cabbage are treated with the fungicide Tiram, which creates additional protection against various kinds of lesions.
Several interesting recipes
Pickled with hot pepper
For cooking you need:
- cabbage - 1 kg;
- tomatoes - 1 kg;
- bitter pepper - 2 pcs;
- garlic - 8 cloves;
- salt - 50 gr.
- Rinse cabbage forks well, chop coarsely, add salt, mix well and put under pressure for a day.
- Next, the brine must be drained, and the cabbage must be squeezed out by hand and rinsed.
- Thoroughly washed tomatoes mince.
- Finely chop the garlic and pepper and add to the tomatoes.
- Add the resulting tomato mass to the cabbage, mix well and place under oppression for another day.
- Arrange the appetizer in clean, dry jars and store in the refrigerator or cellar.
Delicious salad for the winter
- Beijing cabbage - 1 kg;
- bulgarian pepper - 1/2 kg;
- apple cider vinegar - 100 ml;
- onions - 1/2 kg;
- bitter pepper - 1 pc;
- water - 1200 ml;
- salt - 40 gr;
- sugar - 100 gr.
- Pour water into a saucepan, add salt and sugar, let it boil.
- Pour vinegar into boiling water and boil for another 15 minutes.
- Coarsely chop the Peking cabbage.
- Chop the onion into rings.
- Cut the Bulgarian pepper into strips.
- Arrange the vegetables in clean, dry jars, adding bitter pepper to them.
- Pour boiling marinade into jars, roll up and put under a fur coat.
When choosing Chinese cabbage for planting, it is important to pay attention to the variety and its characteristics.... Bilko possesses resistance to diseases, high productivity, good taste, in addition, it is kept fresh for a long time, retaining all the useful properties.