Several decades ago, summer residents and gardeners considered white cabbage to be a real source of nutrients and trace elements. However, time passes, and today more than fifty types of cabbage are already known, which are not inferior to white cabbage in the content of nutrients, and even surpass it.
Among them: Chinese cabbage, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, Savoyard and many others. Among this variety, I would like to highlight the two most common and popular types: broccoli and cauliflower. Despite the fact that all these plants belong to the same family, they differ both in appearance and in their other characteristics. We will talk about this with you in our article.
General information about species with photos
Genetically, cauliflower and broccoli are related and belong to the same family - Cabbage.
Currently, these types of cabbage are grown in large volumes on the American continent, in China, India. Turkey, Germany, France, Italy are also considered major cabbage producers.
The plant is annual, the roots are fibrous, they are located close to the soil surface. Cabbage has a round stem 15-70 cm high. Leaves are straight or obliquely upward. Sometimes they are curved, cylindrical. Rosettes are formed in the axils of the upper leaves. The fruits of cauliflower are eaten... The shape of the head is round and flat-round. The color of the inflorescences is from cream to snow-white.
In the variety of cauliflower varieties, there are varieties with a green, yellow and even purple tint.
This species was bred in Italy, but was not popular for a long time. Outside the country, no one knew the vegetable. The name translated from Italian means "flowering stalk of cabbage" in the plural. This very stem usually reaches 60-90 cm in height.
At its top, flower stalks with green buds are formed. The buds are neatly collected in a large inflorescence - a loose head. The fruits are cut green, without waiting for them to be covered with yellow flowers. Broccoli has a pleasant aroma and piquant taste.
Learn how to grow broccoli outdoors here.
Is it the same thing or not?
It is a mistake to think that broccoli and cauliflower are the same plant.... Although the plants belong to the same family, they still have differences, and not only external ones.
Broccoli and cauliflower also have different nutritional profiles, and therefore provide different benefits to the human body.
Difference: detailed table
Despite the relationship, these varieties have many differences. Consider what is the difference between broccoli and cauliflower?
|The color of the cabbage is green, sometimes purple. The stem is higher. The inflorescences are larger.||The color of the buds is predominantly white or yellow.|
|The plant is resistant to sudden temperature changes. It grows in any soil, but requires abundant watering.||The ambient air temperature should be + 14-18 ° С. Prefers the soil saturated with magnesium, copper and boron.|
|It takes 1 month from planting seedlings in the ground. The yield is greater than that of cauliflower.||From germination to technical ripeness, 90-120 days pass.|
|It contains vitamins A, B and C. It has a richer mineral composition.||Contains more vitamin C than orange and other cabbage varieties.|
What's more useful?
Cauliflower in inflorescences has many beneficial substances... It is better not to subject the vegetable to prolonged heat treatment, this will help preserve the entire complex of useful elements.
- In cauliflower, calcium and potassium predominate from mineral elements, the latter being vital for the heart. It normalizes heart rate and blood pressure.
- The high content of vitamin C strengthens the immune system, inhibits the aging process, and has a positive effect on the central nervous system.
- Contains vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B9, E, K.
- Biotin, which is available in sufficient quantity, prevents the development of inflammatory processes on the skin. Reduces the risk of dermatitis, fungal infections, seborrhea.
- Revealed a positive effect on the organs of vision, prevents the development of cataracts.
Broccoli is in no way inferior to cauliflower, having a fairly diverse composition and valuable structure. It contains vitamins A, C, E, K.
The benefits of broccoli:
- Normalizes the quantitative component of lipids.
- Fiber affects the digestion process, helps cleanse the body of toxins and toxins.
- As a result of the presence of unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins in the composition, cabbage has anti-inflammatory properties.
- Detoxifies toxins.
- The vegetable is also good for the quality of the brain.
- The benefits of cabbage are to maintain glucose levels in the body, which is especially important in diabetes mellitus.
For more information about the beneficial properties of broccoli cabbage, as well as what are the contraindications to its use, read here, and from this article you will learn about which variety of broccoli cabbage contains more vitamins.
Despite their abundant mineral reserves, both cauliflower and broccoli are low in calories. Weight watchers often wonder: how many calories are in these vegetables? There are only 34 calories in 100 grams of broccoli, and 100 grams of cauliflower boasts a content of only 25 kcal. Thanks to this, it can be used by those who are overweight.
Broccoli is definitely healthier than cauliflower (you can learn how to cook broccoli, as well as see recipes for dishes with this vegetable, here). It contains more minerals and vitamins. During heat treatment, the vegetable does not lose its energy value. Suitable for dieting. But right there you want to stand up for cauliflower, which is an important component of baby food.
At the same time, it costs much less than its opponent. Both vegetables are useful, they must be included in the diet of the whole family, but you should pay attention to individual tolerance and contraindications.