Many growers fell in love with the indoor gloxinia flower. It has a huge number of varieties, one of which is tydea violet. She is very beautiful and fits perfectly into any room interior.
This flower has many names among the people. Perhaps you know it as "beautiful synningia."
In this article, we will take a closer look at the botanical description and history of the origin of the plant, how to properly care for, planting rules, methods of reproduction and possible problems during cultivation.
Botanical description and history of origin
Gloxinia tydea violet is a perennial plant of the Gesneriaceae family. Eukaryote, dicotyledonous plant. It has a bell-shaped flower. The flowers are single, emerging from the axils, have 4 stamens. The stem is erect.
A plant native to Tropical America. There are more than 65 varieties of the flower... The first species was discovered in 1785 by a German physician and naturalist, Benjamin Peter Gloxinia. In honor of him, the name was given to the flower. The most popular are hybrids of natural gloxinia species.
Many people confuse these two flowers with each other. Gloxinia has a variety called Tydea Violet. It is called this way because it is very similar to its distant relative. Let's see what are the differences between these plants.
- Tydeus. The root system is a scaly rhizome. The flower shape is shoe-shaped. Leaves are light, pubescent, with small notches.
- Gloxinia. The root system is tuberous. The shape of the flower resembles an elongated bell. The leaves are dark, fluffy, with larger teeth.
Appearance and features
Plant height - up to 40 cm. The flowers are luxurious, velvety, tubular, purple, similar to bells. Flowering lasts from May to September.
If you provide the plant with suitable conditions, then during the flowering period you can see up to 20 buds.
In the photo you can see the purple tydea gloxinia.
To get a healthy plant, the correct planting of its tuber is necessary. He looks around carefully. If traces of rot or sick, damaged areas are found, they must be removed. Cutting off unhealthy areas is carried out only with a sharp knife. Then the tuber is dried for a day, immersed in a manganese solution for half an hour, and only after that they proceed to planting it.
For landing you will need:
We pass to the landing.
- The pot is selected 5-6 cm larger than the tuber size.
- A drainage layer up to 3 cm thick is laid out at the bottom of the pot.
- A small amount of soil is poured onto the drainage from above.
- The tuber is buried in the substrate so that the top remains above the pot.
- After planting is over, it is necessary to moisten the substrate. This must be done carefully, do not fall on the plant with water.
- When the stems grow, the top of the tuber remaining above the ground is sprinkled with a substrate.
Lighting and location
The plant prefers diffused light. It perceives the east and west windows best. Lighting should be sufficient for long-term flowering.
The flower must be shaded from the scorching sun so as not to destroy the leaves.
The soil should be light, loose and breathable. The plant prefers slightly acidic soil. The best option is to use a commercially available gloxinia substrate. The flower does not tolerate stagnant water. Be sure to use good drainage.
The soil for planting must be nutritious. You don't need to plant gloxinia in a large pot.
- Gloxinia love high humidity, but getting water on a plant can destroy it. It is best to put a container of water next to it or spray the air, avoiding water getting on the leaves and flowers. Since the flower does not like dry air, it is best to place it away from radiators and artificial heating centers.
Watering should be regular (once every four days). For watering, use exceptionally soft, settled, warm water. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week. The plant can only be watered in a tray.
Do not allow waterlogging, it is fraught with the death of the plant.
- The flower does not like low temperatures, prefers moderate temperatures. During the flowering period, the air temperature should not be lower than 18 degrees. But gloxinia does not tolerate heat either, it will be optimal to provide it with a temperature not higher than 28 degrees.
Drafts and sudden temperature changes should not be allowed. With such conditions, the flower can be destroyed. Fertilize the flower once a month with liquid fertilizer. Before using it, the flower must be watered well.
- The flower definitely needs a period of winter dormancy. With the arrival of autumn, the leaves slowly die off and the flower falls asleep until March. At this time, it is only necessary to slightly moisten the soil of the plant; additional care is not required at this time.
To make the rosette of leaves lush and even, it is necessary to periodically unfold the plant to the light source in different directions.
Diseases and pests
The flower is often affected by fungal diseases (late blight, powdery mildew, septoria, downy mildew, gray rot).
To avoid this, it is necessary to ventilate the room with plants, but this should be done in warm weather.
Suitable chemical agents for control are:
- any fungicides.
- Anthracnose is a disease due to which the flower can die. It is expressed in small dark spots on the surface of the plant. For treatment and prevention, you can use: fungicides, copper oxychloride, cuproxate, oxychom.
- Ascositis and Phylostictosis are diseases that appear due to high humidity. It is characterized by brown and red spotting. The affected leaves must be removed and burned. Process the remaining plant: copper sulfate, Bordeaux mixture or fungicide.
- Also, the plant can be infected with viruses, bacteria and pests.
- Thrips - affect the whole plant (leaves, stems and flowers). Before processing the plant, it must be transplanted. After transplanting, treat with any of the insecticides: fitoverm, aktara, karate, etc.
- Spider mite. You can notice it by the cobweb that it leaves on the surface of the plant and soil. To get rid of the pest, you need to remove all damaged leaves and work out the plant with an insecticide.
Propagated by cuttings, leaves and seeds.
- Sowing of seeds is carried out on the surface of light peat soil. Sprinkling seeds is not required. Watering is carried out by drip, settled and warm water. From above, the seeds must be covered with a bag, thereby creating the effect of a greenhouse. We ventilate every day and remove condensation. Seedlings appear in about 7-10 days.
- Leaves. A strong leaf is cut off, placed in a glass of water so that half of the stem is covered with water. After 10-15 days, the roots are tied at the leaf, but do not rush. We keep the leaf in water for at least another week. Only after the roots have strengthened can you proceed to planting.
- By cuttings, from one leaf, you can get a large number of new plants. The planting material is cut with a sharp blade. The cut of the cutting must be dipped in activated carbon and allowed to dry (10-15 minutes). We divide the leaf into several parts so that each part has a vein, and we plant it in a greenhouse. The pieces of the leaf need to be immobilized so that they take root faster.
- Tydea - a very similar plant, with the same flowers and leaves. It differs only in rhizome and inflorescence.
- Streptocarpus. A plant with the same oblong leaves and large flowers. They have terry, curly leaves.
- Coleria - a similar flower, has small scaly tuberous rhizomes, large leaves and large inflorescences.
- Violets. Saintpaulias are also very similar to gloxinia, but mainly in leaves. The plant itself is smaller than gloxinia, flowers and leaves are also smaller.
- Ruelia - similarity with gloxinia has only flowers. The leaves and height of the bush are absolutely excellent, but the flowers have a similar shape and about the same size.
To summarize, even a beginner can grow gloxinia. If you like this plant, it will not be difficult to keep it on your windowsill. It is enough to create favorable conditions for him and he will thank you with lush flowering.