Gerbera is a beautiful flowering plant that rarely leaves anyone indifferent. Many people dream of having this incomparable plant on their windowsill, but in flower shops it is quite expensive.
How to grow these amazing Gerbera flowers at home from seeds? Can you grow? The answer is yes, if you know the rules of agricultural technology for a plant. For example, a flower does not tolerate waterlogging, heavy soil, organic fertilizers, surface spraying, and so on.
Consider the main points of growing a plant from seed. Also watch a helpful video on the topic.
Often, after flowering, the plant begins to multiply, this can be done in several ways:
- Seeds - it is rarely used, especially if it is a garden Gerbera, since more than 10 months pass from the moment of planting the seeds to the appearance of the first buds. But if you sow seedlings in January, then by August you can get a lush flowering plant.
- By dividing the bush - in this case, a four-year-old plant is chosen. This is necessary so that two points of growth remain on each bush, otherwise the bushes may die.
- Cuttings - cut off a part of the stem, which should have 2 leaves and plant in the ground. Soil temperature is not less than +20 degrees. In order for the rooting process to go faster, you need to cover it with a jar or a cut plastic bottle.
Read about how to propagate Gerbera and how to care for her at home.
The seeds of the plant are elongated with a small brush at the tip, small in size. One gram contains 300-500 pcs.
Gerbera is not a self-pollinated plant, therefore, to get seeds from a flower, cross, artificial pollination is required at the time of flowering. The pollen matures faster and is stored for up to 100 days.
It is worth remembering that in order to preserve the variety, both the male and the female plant must be of the same species, otherwise you can get a plant with completely different characteristics. The result is unpredictable, the resulting seeds can give a completely different plant in terms of characteristics.
When will they ripen and how to collect?
The seeds of the plant, after successful pollination, will be ready for harvest in a month, as soon as the middle of the flower becomes fluffy. The flower is disassembled by hand and the seeds are taken out. It is worth remembering that seeds retain good germination for only 6 months from the date of collection, during this time they need to be planted in the ground. The price depends on the amount of seed in the bag. For example, 25 pcs. - 80 rubles, and 10 pcs. - 0 to 22 to 40.
Important: When buying, look at the packaging time of the seed, if it is more than 6 months, you should not buy such seeds, they have very low germination.
To grow a beautiful, strong plant from a seed that will delight you with friendly flowering, you need to know the nuances of planting and subsequent care. What to avoid when growing Gerbera in pots, we talked about in this material.
You can sow seeds at any time, starting from the moment of harvesting the seed... But, in order not to contradict the nature and biorhythms of the plant, make a spring planting beam. Preparation for growing: soil and seeds.
Gerberas love porous and light soil, which is prepared from 2 parts of leaf humus, 2 parts of peat and 1 part of river, washed sand. In this case, the soil should be neutral or slightly acidic. Before planting, the soil is disinfected by spilling with a solution of potassium permanganate, the temperature of which is +50 degrees. To prepare the seeds, you do not need to do anything, sowing is carried out without soaking, and they do not need processing.
Flower seeds are very small, and they do not need to be deeply deepened into the soil., just scatter them over the surface and sprinkle with peat. The soil must be moist. For rapid germination, it is worth providing the planting material with certain conditions, creating a greenhouse effect.
For this, the container is covered with glass or film. The first shoots will appear in a week, but every day you need to remove the covering material for ventilation. As soon as the seeds germinate, the glass is removed.
The optimum temperature for germination is +20 degrees. Gerberas can be sown in a small container, or in individual peat pots, this will be much preferable, since with the subsequent transplantation into a pot, the root system will not be damaged.
Watch a video about planting Gerbera seeds:
As soon as 3 true leaves appear on Gerbera seedlings, it can be transplanted into a separate pot. The pot is not taken large - if the plant has too much space, then it may not bloom.
The seedling is placed in a 700 ml clay pot. A large layer of drainage must be laid at the bottom of the planter.
Advice: Despite the fact that Gerbera will grow well in a clay container, transplanting it into a plastic pot is much preferable, since it will be possible to water the plant in a pan.
Indoor flower care
In order for a healthy and flowering plant to grow, certain care rules must be followed:
- A plant in the phase of active growth needs to provide a comfortable temperature - 18-24 degrees. As soon as the Gerbera begins a dormant period, after the end of flowering, it is transferred to a cool place with a temperature of 14 degrees.
- When growing seedlings in winter, she needs to provide additional lighting. If the plant lacks light, the seedlings will stretch out and will be weak.
- As soon as the plant blooms, it is provided with 12 hours of daylight. This is due to the fact that Gerbera blooms at the end of summer, when daylight hours begin to wane. The plant is light-loving and responds very well to intense sunlight. If you want to extend flowering in winter, provide good backlighting, while the glow should be warm.
- The dormant period begins when the plant stops blooming and lasts 3-4 months.
- Air humidity is very important for a plant. But you cannot spray Gerbera with water - a fungal infection appears. To humidify the air, water is sprayed around the plant, or pebbles are poured into a pan and water is poured into it, which should not touch the bottom of the pot.
- Produce as follows - set the pots with the plant in water for 10 minutes, then return to the pebbles.
- Gerbera requires transplanting every year into a container that will be 1-2 cm larger than the previous one.
- After 2 weeks after transplanting the seedlings, you can start feeding. For this, only complex mineral fertilizers are used for flowering crops. During the growing season, feeding is carried out every 14 days.
- If the soil for planting is prepared correctly, then the amount of nitrogen fertilizers necessary for the plant is present in it. If you overfeed the Gerbera, then it will begin to build up the green mass and will not bloom (you can find out about why indoor Gerberas do not bloom and how to care for them here).
- During the dormant period, it is important to provide the plant with a comfortable environment. Reduce watering to a minimum, lower the temperature to +14 degrees. Watering is necessary when the top layer of the earthen coma dries up. Top dressing is not carried out at this time.
The plant is hygrophilous, and it needs abundant timely watering during the period of active growth. But you don't need to make a swamp in a pot either. It is advisable to water the gerber only through the pallet., since the ingress of water or bush and shoots can cause the development of fungal diseases (read about how to recognize and treat room Gerbera diseases, read here). It is also worth remembering that watering is carried out only with warm water. Cold liquid can provoke root rot and the spread of fungus.
How to water young seedlings?
Seedlings are watered sparingly, but at the same time, avoiding the addition of an earthen coma. Moisture should not get on the plants, so it is better to use a syringe or syringe and inject water directly into the soil. Experienced gardeners often use an old watering pot for watering.
Gerbera is a very spectacular flower, which ranks fifth in popularity among garden, flowering plants. Extraordinary, bright, beautiful, it can decorate any interior, and the fact that it blooms in autumn makes it even more attractive for flower lovers. When growing a flower from seeds, anyone can get great pleasure, not only from the result obtained, but also from the process. Watching the seedlings grow, turning into a magnificent flowering plant, is very entertaining.