Due to its beautiful appearance, as well as ease of care and unpretentiousness, gloxinia is very popular among flower growers. This ornamental crop can be easily grown at home.
Especially stands out among a wide variety of species and varieties - pink gloxinia, thanks to its brightly colored lush buds. In our article, you will learn about the features of growing this flower.
We will tell you how to properly care for and reproduce it. We also recommend watching a useful and interesting video about reproduction using a tuber, petals and seeds.
Botanical description and history of origin
Sinningia beautiful is familiar to amateur flower growers called gloxinia... It is a tropical tuberous plant with bell-shaped, velvety, large, brightly colored flowers. Gloxinia has a straight stem, fleecy leaves, and single flowers.
Attention: Gloxinia shades are very diverse. Flowers are monochromatic, combined with white, have spots, strokes, a border, shimmer in the bright sun. The flower has a ring nectary and four stamens.
In nature, this plant can be found in Brazil, America, Mexico. It grows on the rocks by the river, in the tennis forest thickets. Gloxinia is grown in greenhouses and at home.
The flower belongs to the Gesneriaceae family. It was first found in Brazilian forests in 1785. It is South and Central America that is considered the birthplace of this plant. Boston University scientist W. Sinning has developed many hybrids of this plant, among which the very popular pink gloxinia. In honor of this breeder, gloxinia received its second name - sinningia.
Varieties and their photos
Gloxinia called a pink fairy tale blooms with chic large velvet flowers of a pink hue. The center of the petals is colored crimson, the neck is light, covered with dark specks.
Gloxinia variety called extravaganza also has velvety large flowers with a bright pink border and specks along the edges of the petals. The flower stalks of the gloxinia extravaganza are short, of a pink-coral shade. As they bloom, the buds increase in size.
Gloxinia of the Pink Dream variety is a miniature flower with bright, elegant pink flowers... This flower has an elongated tube and a light neck. Pink Dream has a long flowering period.
Description of appearance and features
Gloxinia pink is a tuberous plant with beautiful flowers. The thickened stems of gloxinia grow up to 10 cm in height, 4-6 pairs of opposite leaves grow on the plant.
The leaves are oval, wide, cordate at the base, velvety, 15 to 20 cm long. The veins of the upper part of the leaf are silvery, the lower part of the leaf has a reddish tint. Flowers of pink gloxinia are bell-shaped, velvety, on long peduncles.
Important: Gloxinia is not difficult to grow, it is not capricious to the soil, it multiplies easily and blooms profusely.
Where and how to plant it: rules and tips, instructions
When purchasing gloxinia tubers, you should pay attention to their size and appearance. They should be firm, 3-4 cm in size, without any signs of mold or decay. In the upper part of the gloxinia tuber, there is a depression where the bud is located, which looks like a tubercle.
Gloxinia is planted at a time when the tubers wake up after winter dormancy... This can be seen by the sprouts that have appeared. This happens most often in February or March. Do not wait until the sprout grows large, a slightly sprouted tuber should be planted.
If the tuber is slightly damaged, then the place of damage should be cut out and sprinkled with charcoal, the cut should be treated with a mixture of fungicide and root. After this procedure, it should be dried.
Gloxinia planting rules:
- At the bottom of the pot, lay a drainage layer up to 2 cm high.It can be expanded clay or polystyrene. Pour soil on top without tamping it.
- In the center of the pot, make a depression in which to put the tuber and sprinkle it with soil 2/3. The soil must be watered, but so that the water does not get on the sprouts and in the center of the tuber, otherwise it can lead to rotting of the plant.
- To create the necessary microclimate, the pot is covered with polyethylene and placed in a warm, well-lit place - this helps to create a greenhouse effect.
- The pot is opened daily for 10-15 minutes to ventilate the plant. After the appearance of the first leaves, the flower is covered only at night, and after a few days the polyethylene is removed altogether.
- As the stem grows, the tuber should be sprinkled with soil 1-2 cm so that it is in the ground and does not deteriorate.
- At first, the plant should be watered little by little and carefully so that the tuber does not rot.
Lighting and location
Gloxinia likes good and even lighting., because it has the peculiarity of reaching for the light. However, direct sunlight can cause burns on the leaves of the plant, therefore, the light must be diffused. In the spring, gloxinia can stand on the sunny side, but when the hot season comes, the plant should be slightly shaded.
The best place for pink gloxinia is a shelving unit and artificial lighting. In such conditions, gloxinia are protected from drafts and receive the required amount of light. The rosettes grow neat, and the leaves are juicy.
Indoor gloxinia is not very capricious to the composition of the soil. The substrate for tubers of pink gloxinia should be light, loose, nutritious, it should absorb moisture well and be air permeable. For such purposes, peat-based soil is suitable.
Too dense substrate can retain moisture, and the flower will rot and die.... For gloxinia, soil for flowering plants is suitable, to which you should add a couple of handfuls of sand and two tablespoons of vermiculite per liter of earthen mixture. You can also prepare the soil yourself. To do this, mix in a 2/2/1 ratio of leafy soil, sand and peat.
Advice: Before planting tubers in an earthen mixture, it must be calcined in an oven or sprayed with Maxim in a ratio of 2 ml per liter of water and allowed to dry.
How to take care of it properly?
Pink gloxinia is a non-capricious plant and very grateful... In order for her to feel comfortable, it is necessary to follow simple rules:
- Water with warm, settled water.
- In order not to overmoisten the plant and not get water on the leaves and flowers, it is advisable to water it in a tray.
- To provide gloxinia with the necessary air humidity, the flower pot can be installed in a special tray filled with wet expanded clay.
- During the period of active growth (April-September), the plant must be fed with complex liquid fertilizers.
- When flowering ends, gloxinia is prepared for a dormant period. To do this, the ground part of the plant is cut off, leaving a stump 2 cm high, and the pot is removed to a dark, cool place.
- At the end of February, the tubers are transplanted into new soil, cleared of the old soil, cutting off the parts that have rotted and disinfecting the sections.
Under favorable conditions, gloxinia can throw out up to twenty buds at the same time.
Common diseases and pests
With improper care, gloxinia can become sick or be affected by certain pests.
- As a result of watering with cold water, brown spots may appear on the leaves.
- In case of an overdose of fertilizers, from dry or too humid air, the leaves may turn yellow.
- The presence of powdery mildew or gray rot may be indicated by a gray coating on flowers and leaves.
To save the plant, damaged leaves and flowers should be removed, watering should be done moderately, and the flower should be treated with a fungicide.
If gloxinia does not bloom, then add lighting to it, increase feeding with a minimum amount of nitrogen... Elongated pale green leaves can also speak of a lack of light.
Among the parasites that infect pink gloxinia are scale insects, whiteflies, spider mites, mealybugs.
Pink gloxinia reproduces in several ways: tubers, leafy cuttings and seeds... Let's consider them.
A very overgrown tuber is taken for division. With a sharp knife, it is cut into pieces so that each has a sprout. The place of the cut is sprinkled with activated carbon.
Parts of the tuber are planted in separate pots with moist soil.... The first 2-3 days after planting, the substrate is not moistened.
Watch a video about dividing the gloxinia tuber:
When propagating with a leaf cuttings, a young healthy leaf with a part of the cutting 1 cm long is cut off from a flowering plant. The cutting is rooted in a mixture of sand and peat in a ratio of 4 / 0.5. Cover the stalk with a glass jar and maintain the temperature at 22-24 degrees.
Young nodules appear after 20 days... After that, the cuttings can be planted in separate containers.
Watch a video about the reproduction of gloxinia using leaves:
It is necessary to sow gloxinia in November-February in wide, low containers filled with a substrate of equal parts of peat soil, leafy soil and sand. Seeds are sown sparsely and shallowly, lightly sprinkled with earth.
The container is placed in a bright place where the temperature is maintained at 25 degrees. Spray the soil periodically with warm water. Gloxinia begins to sprout in 12-14 days.
Plants are planted when two leaves are formed on them, at a distance of 2 cm from one another. Plants are planted in different pots when they begin to touch each other with leaves.
Watch a video about the propagation of gloxinia by seeds:
Properly caring for gloxinia, you can get a beautiful and grateful plant that will delight you with its gorgeous and spectacular flowers throughout the active period. Anyone who once saw a blooming gloxinia will forever remain her admirer.