Clivia is a tropical plant that is especially popular with flower growers. It has delicate dark green leaves and flowers similar to lilies.
It is the bright appearance of the plant that attracts special attention to it. The plant differs from the rest of the amaryllis in the absence of a bulb. Clivia has a superficial rhizome, which is why it is considered inferior. In our article, you can familiarize yourself with the species by looking at a photo of the plant, as well as learn about the rules for caring for clivia at home.
What is this houseplant?
The main difference between clivia and other representatives of the amaryllis, to which it belongs, is the absence of a bulb. Its place is taken by a superficial rhizome, from which a stem of dense and fleshy leaves is formed. That is why the clivia rhizome cannot be called complete.
Domestic clivia, unlike wild clivia, can only reach half a meter in height. Elongated dark green leaves that do not have a central vein are located along the length of the entire stem; on the peduncle there can be 10-13 small flowers and an orange-yellow hue (depending on the clivia variety). When a fleshy leaf is cut, a liquid of the same color as the flowers will flow out.
According to many beliefs and beliefs, clivia is a plant that can aid in science learning, improving concentration and increasing brain performance. Finding this plant in the house will help awaken in a person curiosity and craving for new knowledge.
Also clivia helps to harmonize the emotional state of a person: he becomes softer and kinder, less likely to show negative emotions (for example, extreme irritability or vulnerability).
This plant can become a kind of shield against bad mood, save in moments of emptiness and weakness. Clivia has a beneficial effect on health: it keeps the heart in good shape and maintains a vigorous state of the body as a whole.
Despite its beautiful appearance, in which the bright flowers of clivia attract attention, it is a poisonous plant. First of all, it is necessary to keep the plant where children and animals cannot reach it, because ingestion of a very small amount of juice from the leaves of clivia can cause:
- abdominal pain of varying degrees;
- sometimes even paralysis.
Needless to say, what can happen if a child or an animal eats a whole leaf or flower, or even a small part of it.
Views and photos
Clivia has a very small number of species, differing from each other in ways of adaptation to different conditions, sizes, colors. At the moment, according to most sources of plant species, there are only 5 - 7. Also, new varieties of various colors are now being developed. The following species are especially popular among lovers of home plants:
Cinnabar (Miniata, Orange)
One of the most common types that are grown at home. Clivia cinnabar can reach a height of 50 cm. The dark green leaves are belt-shaped and up to 60 cm long. The end of the peduncle is crowned with red-orange flowers, shaped like a funnel. Their number can vary from 10 to 30 pieces.
The main reason for its popularity is the ability to adapt to any room conditions, quick adaptation to them and the requirement for almost minimal care. If the plant is in a room where there is enough light, then it will bloom anyway.
The flowering period of cinnabar clivia begins in February and ends in April or May, those. throughout the cold period, she will delight with her bright colors. Also, for its transplant, special and difficult manipulations are not required: as soon as the roots are visible, the earthen lump must be transferred into another pot.
This procedure is carried out every time after the clivia has faded (if the plant is young), or every 2 to 3 years (if the plant is old). With the help of this variety, other clivias are bred, with different colors.
Beautiful (Nobilis, Noble)
This species differs from all the others in its small size: the maximum height of the beautiful clivia can reach only 30 cm, but some specimens of this species can grow a little higher.
On the peduncle, which rises above the stem, formed from leaves shaped like a sword, up to 50 flowers of pale orange or orange with a slight pink tint can be located. Also, the beautiful clivia differs from all other species in its rather curved perianth. The homeland of this species is the Cape Province in South Africa.
Clivia gardena, like cinnabar clivia, can grow up to 50 cm in length. The leaves also have a belt-like shape with a width of 2.5 - 4 cm with a characteristic narrowing at the end. On a peduncle 45 - 50 cm long, 10 - 16 narrow flowers may appear; their petals, about 3 cm long, form an irregular bell. The flowering period of clivia gardena falls mainly in the winter than in the spring.
This species came to us from the foothills of the Transvaal in South Africa.
Almost every season for the successful cultivation of clivia has its own optimal temperature regime:
- Winter - spring (flowering period) - from 20 to 25 degrees.
- Summer - from 20 to 25 degrees.
- Autumn - winter (dormant period) - from 12 to 15 degrees.
Clivia is a light-loving plant that is best placed where sunlight is scattered because direct sunlight can burn the leaves. It is especially important that there is enough light during the flowering period of the clivia (February - May), otherwise the plant will not delight you with beautiful and bright flowers.
In summer, the clivia should be watered as soon as it is noticeable that the upper earth layer is dry, those. about once a week. During the dormant period (autumn - winter), when the plant is gaining strength for good flowering, watering is reduced: you need to water only when it will be seen that the tips of the leaves are a little dry. It all depends on the humidity and temperature in the room where the clivia is located.
During the flowering period (February - May), watering becomes more frequent, as the top layer of the substrate dries out.
According to the state of the leaves of the plant, you can see how watering affects and whether it is necessary to change its order: in the case of excess water, the leaves acquire a brown tint, the roots and base of the stem begin to rot.
Important! For watering clivia, regular tap water will not work because it is too hard. It is necessary to boil it and wait until it reaches room temperature.
All the time, except for the dormant period, feeding is done 1-2 times a week. It can be in both solid and liquid forms, but always with a low nitrogen content. The only difference is that solid dressings are added before watering, and liquid ones are simply poured in, after which the plant is washed with clean water.
For successful cultivation, you need to alternate organic and mineral supplements.
If this procedure is carried out without proper care, then the delicate roots of the clivia can be damaged when they are pulled out of the pot, and then the damaged places of the roots will begin to rot, after which the plant itself. That is why a transplant is never recommended to be done without an urgent need.
For young plants, it is enough to do this once a year (after flowering), and for old plants - once every 2 years. For clivia, loose soil will be ideal. To prepare it, you must combine the following components:
- Sand - 1 tsp
- Sod land - 2 hours
- Leafy ground - 3 tsp
For young clivias, it is advisable to add river sand or some other baking powder to this mixture. If there are no conditions to prepare the soil yourself, you can purchase it in a specialized store. The base must necessarily include sand, peat and turf soil.
You can also learn about transplanting clivia at home from this article.
Watch a video on how to transplant clivia, as well as how to choose the right soil:
The resulting clivia seeds are placed in a wide and shallow container in a mixture of peat and sand to a depth of 1 cm and at some distance from each other. In about a month and a half, the first shoots should appear, as they increase, they need to be planted in separate pots.
For this method, only those processes are selected on which there are 4 or more leaves. When planting them in separate containers, you need to carefully separate them from each other and place them in a mixture of perlite and sand, then water them moderately and treat them like adult plants.
You can read more about the secrets and intricacies of clivia breeding here.
Pests and diseases
Clivia rarely suffers from any disease or pest, but if this happens, it is most often the fault of the shield aphid, rot, or mealybugs.
- If the plant suffers from the shield aphid, then this can be easily seen by the growths and dark spots on the leaves. The adult aphid is covered with a protective layer and practically does not move, therefore it does not pose a particular danger, and the larvae can disperse throughout the plant. To get rid of this pest, it is enough to wash the plant with soapy water with the addition of kerosene. An adult plant can be wiped with a swab.
- If a white bloom similar to cotton wool is present on the leaves of a plant, this means that it has been "attacked" by a mealybug, which will help to get rid of it by wiping with a damp swab. If there are a lot of pests, then you need to spray the clivia with an insecticide every week until it becomes healthy again.
- If the leaves of the clivia begin to turn yellow, i.e. die off, then the reason lies in the damaged roots that were affected during transplantation. To prevent rot, you need to get rid of these roots and sprinkle the cut with crushed coal, if possible, transplant into new soil with special care.
- If the clivia does not bloom, then this means that before the flowering period, the conditions for its comfortable wintering were not created: temperatures above 15 degrees, insufficient lighting or even frequent watering, feeding. In this case, the plant may bloom, but the flowers will be lethargic and in small quantities. To make the clivia bloom, you will have to wait for the next dormant period to provide all the conditions for it and further flowering.
Like any other plant, clivia needs care, but it requires less of it. Compliance with all the conditions for its cultivation can lead to the fact that it will delight you in the cold season with its bright colors, but do not forget that this is a poisonous plant and therefore it must be kept out of the reach of children and animals.