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Living screen: we grow vines of climbing gloxinia


Many plants are adorable in their own way. They attract attention with beautiful flowers or unusual leaves, but climbing plants evoke the most affection. They seem completely different, a little strange, but so incredibly unique.

Such flowers not only create the atmosphere of a romantic evening, but also serve as a kind of screen, hedge. One of these representatives of climbing plants is lofos.

Indoor gloxinia can have more than twenty large flowers from seven and a half centimeters in diameter, blooming at the same time. Gloxinia flowers have a double or regular texture, vary in color, can be wavy and ordinary - it all depends on the type of plant.

Botanical description

The scientific name for this plant is lofospermum or lofos. Many people know him as a comb seed.

It is worth noting that lofospermum resembles gloxinia flowers in its shape, therefore it is often called curly gloxinia.

Lofos is a perennial vine that originated in North and Central America.

Such a plant belongs to the evergreen, velvety representatives of the flora. Since the middle of the seventeenth century, this flower has become famous among many gardeners. It began to be used to decorate balconies, buildings, flower beds and gazebos. In places with a temperate climate, such a plant can be grown as an annual, but indoors it can become perennial.

Appearance, features

The shoot at lofos is a little woody, so you can mistake this plant for a small tree. The leaves are light green in color, and in their shape more resemble grape leaves. It is worth noting that the flowers of the lofos are bell-shaped with slightly bent edges.

Plant buds are not collected in inflorescencesbecause they are large and feel at ease alone. Thus, they take in more minerals and nutrients.

The color scheme is quite diverse, so you can find white, crimson and pink lofos. The main feature of such plants is their ampelousness. They can sprout on a support, but they thrive better if they fall from an elevated planting site.

Most often, these flowers are planted in a suspended planter. It can also be attributed to the peculiarities of the fact that with the onset of the first frosts, you need to move the plant indoors. It is necessary to carefully trim the shoots, because otherwise they will bloom until the winter period.

Landing

Initially, it is necessary to decide whether this plant is needed at all, because, although it is unpretentious, it grows quickly enough. Some do not take into account the fact that even if lofos is not often watered, it will still continue to grow and get to almost all available places.

If, nevertheless, it is decided to purchase this plant, then you need to carefully and responsibly approach the choice of seedlings or seeds. Lofos is transplanted into the garden only after frost, with the arrival of spring.

Lighting and location

Gloxinia belongs to light-loving plants... However, she prefers rather bright, but diffused light and does not tolerate direct sunlight. The best place for placing flower pots with gloxinia will be windows facing east or west.

Curly Gloxinia is madly in love with all places that are very well lit. It is worth noting that despite this, she is not happy with direct sunlight.

Experts recommend placing the plant in such a way that the lighting around is diffused. It will be really ideal under the roof of the house or against the wall, because there is a support for the plant, and the shade is always welcome.

It should be noted that lofos is an ampelous plant, so it should be placed in a container that can be placed on an elevated position.

The shoots of this flower are incredibly fragile, so you need to carefully consider the place for it in order to prevent too strong gusts of wind. Otherwise, the plant will be damaged and may die.

It is also necessary to take into account the fact that the plant will grow rapidly and stretch upward, so it is worth making support for the shoots. Initially, the vine should sprout onto the support, and then fall down from it. When choosing a potter, you should consider the fact that the plant should feel confident and secure. It is best to choose a container 25 cm deep.

Soil requirements

Climbing gloxinia is that unique plant that does not require special soil components. The only thing that should not be forgotten is the fertility and structure of the soil. It is necessary to prepare the soil in advance according to the specified proportions.... Compost and humus will give the soil fertility.

Fine sand will increase the porosity. Experts recommend adding some resin to make sure the soil is slightly alkaline and neutral. A small amount of peat can provide moisture holding capacity. From everything we can conclude that the composition of the soil should include:

  • sod land;
  • sand;
  • peat;
  • leaf humus;
  • a handful of ash.

If a person does not have the opportunity or time to prepare the soil, then the soil can be purchased in the store, but it is worth carefully reviewing the mixture.

Vine care

If you read all the recommendations for caring for lofos, you can get a healthy plant that will not only delight others, but also provide their territory with protection.

In order for the plant to be healthy, the following recommendations must be followed.

  1. Watering... A plant with this growth rate simply requires abundant and thorough watering. It is necessary to provide the plant with water every day, and on hot, summer days, it is better to water the lofos several times. In winter, it is better to reduce watering a little and provide it only so that the soil does not dry out.
  2. Top dressing... Abundant flowering of the plant and rapid growth require constant nutrition, so you need to feed lofos 3 times a month with a variety of universal fertilizers for garden plants that bloom. The composition of such fertilizers should include nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus.
  3. Plant formation... As soon as the plant overwinters, then you need to start pruning the grown shoots. If they reach a height of 15 cm, then you already need to remove the excess parts. You can safely pinch the separated parts and wait until they reach 10 cm. You need to cut off the shoots not so often and without fanaticism, because otherwise the plant may fall into a stressful state.
  4. Wintering... If there is a small threat of unexpected frost, then it is better to move the curly gloxinia indoors as soon as possible. You can place it in any place where the temperature readings will not be lower than +5 degrees. At this time, you can transplant lofos into a larger pot and remove excess shoots. If there is a place in the room where the plant can stand for a long time, then the shoots can be left. In this case, it can bloom until December.
  5. What to do in spring... As soon as the warm spring days come, the lofos needs to be thinned out a little and the overgrown vines should be cut off. The plant must be carefully watered so as not to moisten the soil too much. After new leaves begin to appear, fertilizer needs to be applied. You can plant lofos in the garden after the end of the night frosts.

If you follow these recommendations, the plant will not get sick and will always look green, healthy, alive.

Possible problems

Lofos is a fairly rare plant, so it cannot be found in all flower beds. It is for this reason that talking about diseases and pests that affect this plant is not entirely appropriate. The common problems of these colors are worth considering.

Diseases

Representatives of the flora can become hostages of dangerous diseases, which are divided into 3 types:

  • fungal;
  • viral;
  • bacterial.

Let's consider in detail:

  1. Fungal infections... In order to get rid of fungal infections, it is necessary to use special preparations. Treatment of the lesion site should be carried out several times, with an interval of two weeks.

    Preparations must necessarily contain copper. Large areas of the plant can be treated with such preparations at once.

  2. Viral infections... Only viral infections are not amenable to treatment. All plants that have been affected by a similar problem must be destroyed immediately so that the infection does not spread. Viruses are transmitted by insects, so it is better to deal with such pests.
  3. Bacterial infections... When a bacterial infection is affected, oiliness appears on the plant. It is necessary to carefully remove the affected areas and treat them with antibacterial drugs. If this method does not work, then you need to contact a specialist and apply more effective drugs purchased in a special store.

Pests

Flowers are most commonly affected by aphids, thrips, ticks and whiteflies. It is necessary to process the plants, but most likely after the rain the pests will return, so it is worth doing repeated procedures. You should also get rid of ants, because if aphids appear, then these insects are already there in any case.

Breeding features

There are two ways to breed lofos, so each person chooses the one that is most acceptable.

  1. Cuttings... You can carefully trim the shoots and root them in the ground. It is necessary to select as many shoots as possible, because they will not all take root in moist soil. As soon as the first leaves appear, you can breathe a sigh of relief, because the plant has taken root.
  2. Seeds... In early spring, you can sow lofos. Seeds should be spread out on wet soil and sprinkled with sand on top. Then you need to tightly close the container and monitor the first shoots. Lofos can be planted in the garden a few weeks after germination. Only in the second year will the plant begin to bloom fully.

Medinilla is similar to lofos in that it is also a climbing plant, but only suitable for growing in a room. It can also be noted that a similar plant is the lotus, because there is practically no difference in the shape of the flowers. Bougainvillea also grows around its pedestal, creating a hedge. A similar plant, like lofos, is resistant to many diseases. Morning glory perfectly adapts to any conditions, but requires abundant watering.

There are many such plants that are great for decorating fences, arches and houses. Climbing gloxinia is still a rather unfamiliar plant. It requires special conditions for growth. Experts still recommend experimenting and choosing various varieties of climbing plants that will give a good mood and a wonderful view to everything that surrounds a person.


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