Gloxinia Yesenia takes one of the first places among the large number of indoor plants. This terry flower attracts both beginners and experienced flower growers with its appearance. By its appearance, it resembles a reduced rose.
The inflorescences of this plant are bell-shaped, which gives the flower a certain charm. This tropical light-loving beauty, settled on your windowsill, will delight you with its deep saturated color and huge bright colors. Gloxinia Yesenia is a wonderful decoration for any interior.
Botanical description and history of origin
Gloxinia, in another way called synningia, refers to perennial herbaceous plants of the Gesneriev family, with a root system in the form of a tuber. Its natural habitat is the deciduous forests of Central and South America.
The history of the emergence of this plant begins from the time of the discovery and development of new lands, when the ship's doctor Gloxin, who was a good biologist, appeared in the sailing team. Apart from healing, his task was to describe unknown plants and animals. In America, he saw this beautiful flower, described it and made a drawing. Subsequently, he received the name of his discoverer.
Description of appearance, features and photos
Yesenia is a Dutch hybrid of Gloxinia (You can find useful information about hybrid gloxia here). The bush of this plant is standard, compact. The outer side of the leaves is velvety.
Its large flowers consist of many double petals and vaguely resemble a rose. They have a crimson or burgundy black shade of stunningly deep. When fully opened, a light border appears on the petals. The peculiarity of Yesenia's gloxinia is its long-lasting bouquet bloom.
The fact is noted that this plant helps to relieve fatigue and tension in people who have been engaged in monotonous mental or physical work for a long time.
Below you will see a photo of Yesenia's gloxinia:
Where and how to plant it?
Gloxinia can be planted with tubers. If shoots are outlined on the surface of the tuber, then they must be transplanted into small plastic or clay pots.
Important! Before planting, you need to inspect the tubers and cut off the damaged parts and cut the root threads. These places are sprinkled with charcoal.
Lighting and location
Gloxinia is a light-loving plant, but it must be protected from direct sunlight. The place is chosen depending on the climatic zone and season. In summer, the flower will feel good on the windowsill, the window of which faces west or east, in spring - on the south.
If the pot stands on the north side all the time, then, most likely, the plant has:
- growth will slow down;
- shoots will stretch;
- leaves will fade;
- flowers may not appear at all.
Therefore, you will need additional lighting with special lamps for illumination.
Ready-made substrate can be purchased at the store or prepared by yourself... To do this, take and mix 2 parts of sod soil and peat, as well as 1 part:
- deciduous humus;
- river sand;
- sheet soil.
It is necessary to have a drainage layer, which can be used as expanded clay or fine sand. Each season, the soil needs to be changed, because by the end of the season, a large amount of salt accumulates in it, which is unacceptable for this flower.
How to take care of it properly?
Although Gloxinia Yesenia loves water, it is recommended to water through a tray so as not to pour over the leaves and flowers. The flower is watered 2 days after the topsoil dries. The water should be slightly warmer than room temperature, cool has a negative effect on the buds and their flowering.
At the end of September, Gloxinia Yesenia is preparing to rest. At this time, you need to water once a month. Within 30 days, the part of the plant that is above the ground dies off. After that, for 4 months, the flower is placed in a cool place with a temperature of 10-12 ° C. You can remove the tuber, hide it in sawdust or moss and leave it there until February. Then plant in fresh, damp soil, raise the temperature and start watering little by little.
There are enough nutrients in fresh soil, but over time, fertilizing with complex preparations is necessary, intended for violets, which contain enough potassium, phosphorus and little nitrogen. Fertilizers are applied every 7 days. They need to be diluted with water. The concentration of feeding should be 2-3 times less than recommended on the package.
In the active period of development of Yesenia's gloxinia, the best daytime temperature is + 20- + 22 ° С, and the nighttime temperature is + 18 ° С.
Attention! Gloxinia Yesenia at any time of the year does not tolerate temperature changes and drafts.
Common diseases and pests
Basically, the plant begins to hurt due to improper care. Excessive watering leads to decay of the root system. With the fungal disease Fusarium, the flower becomes infected through the soil, and already rapid development occurs as a result of:
- high air humidity;
- irregular watering;
- nutritional deficiencies.
The leaves of the plant wither, curl and turn brown.
Another common disease is gray rot, which affects all parts of gloxinia. Its stem darkens, a gray bloom appears on the leaves, and then watery dark brown spots. Gray rot develops with intensive waterlogging of the soil.
The reasons for the appearance of powdery mildew on the plant:
- high humidity;
- low air temperature;
- non-compliance with the irrigation regime;
- overabundance of nitrogen in the soil.
With this disease, the entire plant is covered with a white bloom. The buds and leaves are already deformed.
Late blight is another common disease of Yesenia's gloxinia., in which, if you do not take action, the flower will quickly die. Sick plant:
- stops growing;
- covered with dark spots.
Gloxinia and rust fungi, which are bubbles of different colors, are found on the inside of the leaves of gloxinia. Then the upper surface is covered with yellow spots.
In addition to diseases, the plant is endangered by some pests. They can be:
- different ticks;
- mushroom mosquito;
Advice! The flower should be regularly inspected and, if found, sprayed with insecticidal preparations.
You can propagate gloxinia Yesenia:
- by cutting the leaf and part of it;
- dividing the tuber.
After the flower has faded, you can try to get a young plant using the leaf propagation method. It is the simplest and most common one. A leaf with a medium-sized handle is cut with a sharp knife. It must be put in settled water so that it gives roots.
Or plant the cutting in a pot of fertile soil, leaving the leaf outside. Then pour and cover with a glass jar or polyethylene, which will need to be removed after the young shoots appear on the leaf. It will take 1.5-2 months.
The method of reproduction by parts of a leaf is to cut it along the vein line into 2 parts. At the bottom of the leaf, you need to leave a two-centimeter cutting and plant it in a pot with fertile soil. The engraftment process will be more reliable if you cover it with a glass on top.
Reproduction by tubers is carried out after wintering. The tuber is divided in such a way that there is a sprout in the parts. A pot for planting is taken with a diameter of no more than 15 cm. The temperature in the room where it will be located should not be less than +20 ° C.
Gloxinia seeds are sown at the end of winter. They are laid out on moistened soil, covered with foil and placed in a warm place. Every day half an hour is aired. As soon as sprouts appear, they are opened and transferred to a bright place. After the appearance of 2-3 leaves, docking is carried out. After six months, the plant will bloom.
Gloxinia Yesenia belongs to terry varieties. There are many similar varieties of this flower with a correspondingly different name. They are similar to each other with high decorativeness, massive flowering and a shape that resembles a gramophone. All of them:
- resemble delicate velvet.
One of them is the chic Hollywood Gloxinia, which blooms in light or dark purple flowers. The deep neck of the flower has a lemon shade and contrasting purple dots.
Gloxinia Starry night features large dark buds with blue-violet petals... The flower's calyx is light with a lightened border. There are specks on it to match.
The large buds of Gloxinia Lilac Mist have a marble pattern. The plant blooms in white double flowers with purple and lilac specks. This flower is characterized by saturation, turning into a dark calyx.
Gloxinia Madame Margaret has very beautiful bright crimson-red flowers. Their leaves are framed with a wavy white border. There are instances in which there is no border.
The delicate variety of Gloxinia Glamor also forms a compact bush and double flowers, the petals of which are white with red-pink drops. At their base, a yellow calyx with a barely noticeable speck is formed. In the middle of the petals on the buds, there are sometimes long scarlet stains.
Gloxinia Yesenia is deservedly popular. Many people fell in love with her for her beauty and magnificent smell. This flower will be a great purchase for your home.