You can rarely meet kale kale in a summer cottage or garden plot. Few people know that in addition to decorative appearance and original taste, it has a huge number of useful properties. In addition, this species is unpretentious, tolerates cold well and requires minimal maintenance.
In our article, you will read about other names of this vegetable, including learn about kale cabbage, we will tell you what it is and what are its distinctive features, in addition, we will present to your attention photos of different varieties of leafy plants and their descriptions, and you will also read how to grow a vegetable plant called Keil and why this cabbage is called Russian.
This cruciferous plant has many names: bruncol, gruncol, browncol, keil. Depending on the variety, the leaves form a rosette, are evenly distributed on the stump or are located on the crown. The stump is high, reaching more than 1 m in length. The color of the leaves ranges from various shades of green to red and purple.
Therefore, this type of cabbage received its distribution primarily as an ornamental plant. The surface of the leaves is smooth and bubbly, the leaves themselves are corrugated or cut along the edges, depending on the variety. Kale leaves are eaten, the harvest is harvested several times per season.
History of origin
This type of cabbage is widespread in both Europe and America. The exact country of origin has not been established. According to scientists, Calais is the oldest species of wild cabbage. In Russia, among gardeners, popularity began to acquire relatively recently.
What is the difference from other species?
It is quite easy to distinguish kale cabbage from ordinary white cabbage by its leaves. They become curly, similar to salad immediately after emergence. Therefore, the seedlings of these species are difficult to confuse. In addition, Kale is different in color, does not have a wax coating. The main feature of collard greens is that it does not form heads of cabbage, regardless of the variety.
For what purposes is cultivation suitable?
Kale is widely used in cooking.... Salads, soups are prepared from it, it is stewed, vegetable cocktails and even chips are made, and also consumed fresh. In addition, the cultivation of kale is also possible for the decorative decoration of the site.
Advantages and disadvantages
- resistance to temperature extremes, heat, cold, frost;
- unique content of nutrients and vitamins;
- high productivity;
- variety of varieties;
- suitable for all regions;
- decorative appearance;
- disease resistance.
The disadvantages include:
- the need for frequent watering;
- does not tolerate a transplant;
- has contraindications for use;
- needs feeding;
Benefit and harm
Proteins, fats and carbohydrates
100 g of kale contains 3.3 g of protein, which is half the daily dose for the body.... An excellent substitute for meat, which is better digested. The carbohydrate content is 8 g, fats are present in an amount of only 0.7 g. It also contains dietary fiber, which has a beneficial effect on the digestive system.
Kale contains a large amount of vitamins. A and beta-carotene - indispensable for eyes and vision, groups B - help with anemia, normalize blood sugar levels, C - stimulates immunity, as well as K and PP, which remove toxins, protect blood vessels and participate in metabolic processes.
Micro and macro elements
The calcium content in feces is higher than in milk, while it is absorbed by the body much better... In addition, it includes:
An important role for the skeletal system is played by potassium, magnesium, which supports the nervous system and heart muscle. Copper is present in sufficient quantities, which helps to maintain the strength of blood vessels and bones. A feature of this type is the content of omega-3, valuable for the body fatty acids.
Kale is recommended by nutritionists as one of the unique herbal products for weight stabilization... Its calorie content per 100 g is only 50 kcal.
A hybrid variety of the leafy plant Redbor, has a red-purple color. The leaves are curly, delicate. Reaches 90 cm in height. The lateral leaves grow vigorously, allowing for more frequent harvesting during the season. Frost-resistant variety can withstand depressions up to -15about FROM.
We recommend watching a video about the features of Redboro kale:
Leafy Tuscany is also called Tuscan Keil... The leaves are long, elongated, dark green, bubbly, resilient and dense. Outwardly similar to the leaves of Savoy cabbage. Frost-resistant variety can withstand a drop to -15about C. High yield.
We recommend watching a video about the features of Tuscany kale cabbage:
Leafy vegetable sub-variety - tintoretto is suitable for colder regions. It tolerates temperature changes well, gives a yield from +25 to -16about C. The leaves of this collard green, strongly curly, resembling bubbles. Ripening period is average.
Step-by-step instructions for planting and caring for
Where and for how much can you buy seed?
Seeds of leafy vegetables are widely represented in specialized stores, departments, retail outlets... Online stores provide an opportunity to purchase varieties of not only Russian, but also foreign selection directly from foreign producers. The cost depends on the number of seeds in the package and the firm, from 50 rubles for 6-10 pieces.
Kale cabbage grows in 70-90 days, does not tolerate transplanting well, so it is better to sow it directly into the ground. This is done in April - May, planting time depends on the climatic conditions of the region and temperature.
Sunny or lightly shaded areas are suitable. The planting site should be level or on an elevation, stagnation of water is possible in the lowland, this will negatively affect the plant. It is necessary to observe the crop rotation and not plant where radishes, rutabagas and crucifers previously grew. Areas after potatoes, onions, cucumbers are suitable.
What should be the soil?
The soil should not be too acidic. It is better to prepare the landing site in the fall.... To do this, slaked lime, chalk, wood ash are added to the soil, and humus is added. In the spring, before planting, fertilize with organic matter.
Seeds are planted in holes. The distance between them should be from 45 cm. Humus and wood ash are added to each hole. Up to 4 seeds are placed in the holes to a depth of 1-2 cm. They must be lightly sprinkled with earth, watered and covered with foil.
After 5 days, when shoots have appeared, the covering material should be removed, and the cabbage should be thinned... Only one strongest seedling remains in each hole.
Next, young cabbage needs the following care:
- Temperature... It is necessary to sow seeds when the air warms up to +5 C, but the kale can withstand both heat and cold. Therefore, the timing of its planting is different for each region. She transfers from +35 to -15about C. The most favorable temperature conditions from +10 to +20about FROM
- Watering... This type of cabbage needs constant soil moisture. It is necessary to water first under the leaves, then into the grooves. In hot weather, watering is necessary daily, while you need to make sure that the water does not stagnate. Leaves also need moisture in the heat.
- Top dressing... It is recommended to feed Kale after 6-8 weeks, as the crop is harvested. Excess fertilizer can cause leaf decay, so you should not do this more often. They usually use mullein, wood ash, superphosphate and others.
Other vegetable care measures
- loosening - after watering;
- hilling - every 10 days;
- pest prevention;
- timely removal of damaged leaves.
The leaves can be consumed after the cabbage has grown more than 20 cm in height. You can cut off individual leaves or remove the top completely. This is done several times per season. Overripe leaves become bitter and tough.
This type of fresh cabbage can be kept in the refrigerator for a week. Freezing is suitable for longer storage. In the freezer, Kale does not lose its taste and useful properties for up to six months.
Diseases and pests
It is exposed to diseases of the species: keela, powdery mildew, white and gray rot, etc. A measure of control will be treatment with a permitted fungicide such as Topsin-M, Hom, etc. Slugs, weevils, cabbage flies, aphids and other insects can also harm.
For control and prevention, it is better to use non-chemical and folk remedies.:
- spraying with infusions of onion husks, wormwood;
- dusting with wood ash and tobacco dust and others.
Advice: Planting a number of plants that repel pests with a smell is a good prevention: mint, marigold, saffron, etc.
Prevention of various problems
When growing this type of cabbage, you should carefully monitor the condition of the leaves.... Rotten and wilted ones should be removed so that they do not attract pests. It is important to avoid drought and excessive moisture. For this, the soil around can be mulched.
Kale kale does not require special complex care, can grow in any climatic conditions and is very useful. It is able to give several harvests per season until the coldest days. At the same time, a beautiful appearance will make it a decoration of the site.