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Features of gloxinia varieties Kaiser Wilhelm and Friedrich: characteristics and description with photo


Gloxinia Kaiser is a tuberous plant that belongs to the geranium family and is considered perennial.

This plant was discovered in the late 18th century by amateur botanist Benjamin Gloxin. In this article, we will consider a flower with an interesting name - Gloxinia Kaiser.

The article will also describe its varieties, history of occurrence, appearance, and also how to properly care for this plant. Enjoy reading!

Botanical description and history of origin

Gloxinia Kaiser bush reaches a height of up to 25 cmso it won't take up much space. It also has repeated flowering, in which new buds appear instead of old ones. This cycle continues from spring to autumn. The open flower reaches from 7 to 8 cm in diameter, while up to 20 buds can bloom at the same time on one plant, and the inflorescence itself consists of five petals.

On small cuttings, leaf plates are attached, which have a slightly puffed surface, as well as wavy edges. Each of the leaves is large enough and reaches up to 20 cm in length. The leaves themselves are surrounded by large and beautiful flowers, which are located on relatively small peduncles. In general, the flower creates a wonderful decorative composition.

This plant was discovered and described in contrasting Latin America.when one young amateur botanist Benjamin Gloxin took part in a marine expedition in the late 18th century. After that, the reproduction of this flower took place already in greenhouses.

Varieties

Gloxinia Kaiser exists in two forms - Wilhelm and Friedrich.

Gloxinia Kaiser Wilhelm and Kaiser Friedrich are a very compact indoor culture, with beautiful, rich, deep shades of colors. The first has a dark purple color, or as it is also called "night" color, the second is painted in a delicate - crimson color. The feather and second plant have a white border around the edges of the flowers., and the leaf plates are colored dark green with an emerald overflow.

Important! The flower of these varieties has one feature - they can hibernate, that is, be at rest for a certain time!

A photo

This is what Kaiser Friedrich looks like in the photo:

And this is a photo of Kaiser Wilhelm:

Soil requirement

Let's start by choosing a soil: the same soil is perfect for gloxinia as for violets, however, you can also make a substrate yourself by mixing leafy soil (1 part), turf soil (1 part), and peat (half part) for this.

At the same time, the soil should be loose and allow air to pass through well, since its presence is needed constantly. Give preference to wide and small containers, which can be either clay or plastic. A flowerpot with a diameter of 7 to 8 cm is perfect for a small flower, and for a large one you need to take almost 2 times more - from 10 to 15 cm in diameter.

Lighting

Although this plant is very fond of light, however, you cannot put it in a place where direct sunlight will fall on it. This is especially true during the flowering period. The flower can be safely placed on the southern windowsill during winter and spring. With the arrival of summer, it is better to hide the plant in shady areas, but you can still put it on the eastern windowsill, in rare cases on the western ones. During the growth of the green part of the flower and the increase in buds, it must be placed in a well-lit place. When the inflorescences begin to bloom, the flower is removed from under the "sunny place".

This culture loves a big sunny day, lasting 12 to 14 hours. To provide such long-term illumination, you need to use large and powerful lamps. Otherwise, the stem will grow upward, and flowering will be very rare, or may not occur at all.
The amount of light greatly affects the saturation of the petals - the more light, the brighter the bud and vice versa.

Care

Temperature

  1. For cultivation, the optimum temperature is 24 - 25 degrees. The current environment must be maintained until the green parts grow.
  2. After the start of the growth of green parts, the temperature must be reduced to 22 degrees. If this is not possible, then the amount of light should be increased. Otherwise, the plant will begin to stretch and lose its decorative effect.
  3. When the buds begin to bloom, you need to raise the temperature again to 25 degrees.
  4. Make sure that the temperature does not drop below 18 degrees.
  5. You can briefly increase the temperature to 28 degrees. If such conditions last a little longer, then the flowers will disappear in three days.

Air

  • It should be moderately and well moistened (for constant maintenance, use a pallet with damp expanded clay).
  • Spraying is allowed, but it is better to do this in the bathroom, since you can wipe it well, turn on the lamp, close the door and wait until all the drops are dry.
  • Spraying on the snow will only harm, since then brown spots will appear on the leaves, a change in the shape and bending of the edges of the leaves.

Watering

  1. The water must be purified, filtered and settled within 24 hours.
  2. The water temperature should not exceed or be lower than the environment (if the room temperature is 20 degrees, then the water should be the same temperature).
  3. In cloudy weather, the frequency of watering should be reduced, since at this time the soil does not dry out well.

Top dressing

  • The first couple of months after planting the plant, fertilization is not needed.
  • Fertilize every two weeks.
  • Top dressing needs to be poured around the edges and it is best suited for this in the evening or cloudy weather.
  • The first fertilizers should be mineral, and then feel free to switch to organic.

Flowering time

If you follow all the rules for keeping Gloxinia, then immediately after 3 or 4 leaves, flowers begin to form.

After the complete formation of the buds, the ground part of the plant is cut off, leaving a couple of centimeters of the shoot. This often leads to re-flowering, but this does not happen very often with the Kaiser. The maximum that can be reached is before the growth of leaves.

Rest stage

  • With the beginning of autumn, gloxinia begins to dry out and fall off the leaves. Thus, she informs about the beginning of wintering, which will last about one quarter of the year.
  • When the ground part dies off, it is completely removed, and the pot with the tuber is transferred to a place with a low temperature, from about 5 to 8 degrees.
  • You can also transfer the tuber to wet sand.
  • The soil should be moistened only a couple of times during the entire period of "rest".
  • With dry air, watering increases up to several times.

Common diseases and pests

Some of the common diseases of this flower are late blight and fusarium:

  • The first is practically incurable. It manifests itself at the beginning as a slight wilting of leaves, a stop in the growth of the shoot, as well as blanching. Watering is prohibited, as this will only worsen the situation. Infection gradually spreads to all parts of the plant. you need to get rid of both the plant and the soil.
  • The second disease arises from constant watering and constantly moist soil and manifests itself as deformation of the leaves with a change in their color.

Pests such as thrips and spider mites are also dangerous to this plant. To protect the plant, it is enough to treat it with an insecticidal preparation and put the flowerpot in a dark place.where there are no drafts.

Breeding features

Gloxinia is suitable for vegetative reproduction, among other things, it is the simplest.

Using a leaf cutting (in two ways):

  1. Place the cutting in water and leave it there until the first roots appear. After that, plant in the ground for 5-7 days and cover with a jar.
  2. The scion can be placed directly into wet soil. After that, cover it with a jar or film for 2-3 weeks, keeping the temperature at 23 degrees.

Using the foliage plate:

  1. Take a healthy leaf.
  2. After that, make incisions on the convex veins in 2 or 3 parts and lay it on the soil, pressing a little.
  3. Expect small shoots to appear.

Similar flowers

  • Violet - the plant belongs to the violet family. It grows mainly in regions with a temperate climate.
    Terry gloxinia is a beautiful houseplant that attracts with large flowers. There are about 70 species of this plant.
  • Gloxinia Avante white - belongs to the section terry. It resembles a camellia or a garden rose in shape.
  • Gloxinia Yesenia - terry Dutch hybrid. Reaches 30 cm in height and is the cultivated plant in the world.
  • Gloxinia Prince Albert Is a simple gloxinia cultivar with effective flowers. Has extra grace in the form of wavy edges.

Gloxinia is undeniably a beautiful flower. Growing it isn't as easy as we'd like it to be, but it's worth it. Not a single guest will pass by without making a single compliment to such beauty!


Watch the video: gloxinia plants (October 2021).