Beautiful, rather large, bright flowers of gloxinia will be a great addition to any interior. Huge velvet leaves and a lush flower cap, pleases the eyes of a florist for 5 months in a row.
Flowering becomes more active with the age of the plant. During the flowering period, gloxinia can give about 50 flowers. She surprises with the color palette and texture of the foliage.
We will tell you how to properly care for this home beauty and what diseases and pests this flower is susceptible to.
Required conditions for growing a flower
If you want sinningia (gloxinia) to bloom profusely, you need to maintain a certain air temperature (about why gloxinia may not bloom and what to do about it, read here). In summer, for a comfortable existence, the temperature fluctuates in the aisles of 20-26 degrees, and in winter it should not fall below 18 degrees (read about the features of wintering gloxinia here).
From the heat, gloxinia either blooms weakly, or does not bloom at all. With a sharp cold snap, the growth of the plant slows down, and the buds turn black (you can find out why the buds turn black and dry up here).
Despite the fact that gloxinia is very fond of light, you should not expose it to the scorching sun. Direct rays will significantly impair flowering. The ideal place for gloxinia is windows with moderate ambient light..
If the windows of your apartment are located on the north side, then you need to install additional lighting using fluorescent lamps with soft light. South windows, in the summer, must be slightly darkened, with frosted glass, or tinting for cars, which diffuses light.
Wild relatives of gloxinia prefer thin rainforests, avoiding open space, where everything is roasted in the open sun, and twilight. To create the most comfortable conditions, the duration of the lighting should be 12-14 hours.
In the absence of proper lighting, gloxinia can lose shape., stretch out strongly or lower the leaves. On elongated stems, the buds are much smaller, therefore they do not have such a chic look.
Since gloxinia is rooted in the Amazon rainforest, it must be looked after in the most humid climatic conditions possible. Therefore, in extreme heat (28 degrees and above), it is recommended to put flower pots on a tray with additional moisture, filled with wet sand, pebbles or peat.
Gloxinia is important for air humidity in the range of 60-80%... Determine the lack of moisture, judging by the folded and folded sheets. At home, it is recommended to use special air humidifiers, or place a vessel with water next to the pot.
You need to water the plant through the pallet, or along the edge of the pot, so as not to hurt the foliage. Water for irrigation must be defended during the day. You can also use rainwater and filtered water. The temperature should be 2-3 degrees warmer than the air in the room.
After 30 minutes, after the soil has absorbed moisture, it is necessary to dry the pallet... Be sure to check the moisture content of the soil before the next watering, it should be practically dry. During heavy rains and in cool weather, watering should be reduced.
Next is a visual video about watering gloxinia:
The main points of cultivation
Pinching promotes the formation of new shoots and a large number of blots that may not take root. Therefore, you do not need to pin the flower.
When and why should you prune for the winter?
The most important moment in caring for a plant is preparing for wintering.... After all, it is from the correct storage during this period that new life depends. Sinningia comes from a wild culture and is considered an exotic flower. By the nature of their habitat, in the autumn-winter time, a period of rest is required.
In other words, the plant hibernates, old leaves die off, some of the roots die off, and upon the onset of spring, with renewed vigor, it pleases with a lush shock of inflorescences. Many exotic lovers throw away the plant by mistake, confusing peace with the death of a flower.
So, let's get acquainted with the basic rules of caring for beautiful gloxinia, during the rest period.
- From mid-September, when the last flower fades, we reduce watering and refuse to fertilize. Dried leaves must be removed along with the stem, with a sharp knife, leaving a process 1 cm from the ground. If possible, leave the two bottom leaves.
- As soon as the last leaves die off, we cleanse lumps of soil and remnants of roots. And in a loosely closed bag with wet sand we put it in the refrigerator, at the very bottom. Can be transferred to the balcony if the temperature fluctuates between 10-15 degrees.
- Tubers are stored this way until spring. From time to time it is necessary to check for rot and control the humidity. In case of rot, it is necessary to carefully remove and process healthy tissue with crushed charcoal. Let the tuber dry and put it back in place.
Our tubers wake up in the spring from late February to mid-April.
Check out the photo of a flower with the beautiful name "Sinningia" below:
How to properly care for synningia?
Gloxinia is considered an exotic large-flowered plant. Flower diameter 15cm. A culture of varieties that goes deep into the thickets of the Amazon. The habitat is rocky slopes, sometimes the plant on a steep slope is held only by the roots. Therefore, when caring for gloxinia at home drainage must be laid on the bottom of the pot at least 3-4 cm, and the tuber itself is sprinkled with soil no more than 1 cm.
The gloxinia pot is selected relative to the size of the tuber. For a young specimen, a container of 7–9 cm in diameter is sufficient, and an old flowering tuber will take root in a pot up to 15 cm wide.
Gloxinia does not tolerate drafts... The flower needs mineral fertilizing, which is carried out 2 times a month (you can find out how to feed gloxinia here). In specialized stores, the seller will tell you which one is best for your variety. After reading the instructions, we direct the solution, water along the edge already on wet soil. It is recommended to do this in cloudy weather in the afternoon, and preferably in the evening, so that the sun does not damage the growth zone and foliage of the plant.
Before flowering, organic fertilizers alternate with nitrogen fertilizers (potassium nitrate, ammonium nitrate). After with phosphoric (superphosphate, phosphoric acid potassium), if this is not done, then dormant kidneys will awaken, this will suspend normal development.
Do I need to spray the plant?
As with any object in the apartment, dust also settles on the flowers, which is much worse than spraying. Due to the large layer of dust, it is difficult for the plant to breathe.
Now about the main thing, it is strictly forbidden to spray gloxinia, since wet leaves will quickly rot. But there is still a way out. You need to arrange a flower of souls Gently, with a cotton swab, rinse the leaves with lukewarm water and immediately dry with a hairdryer, or arrange bath procedures in the kitchen with the gas burners on. In this case, the leaves of the plant will dry out quickly. The plant will benefit from this, and it will thank you for your efforts, lush and bright flowering.
Important! Rinse only leaves, tuber, in no case, do not wet. After bathing, let the flower dry thoroughly, in a dark and warm place, before returning it to a sunny place. Otherwise, the plant will receive severe burns and die.
Diseases and pests
Due to improper care, the plant weakens and is more susceptible to diseases and pests. The most common disease is gray rot, appears as spots of brown light. During illness, with excessive watering, the roots of the plant also begin to rot. The appearance of powdery mildew and black leg is also possible. When purchasing a plant in a store and brought from friends, in order to prevent it, rinse the tubers with potassium permanganate or fungicide.
In addition to diseases, gloxinia can be annoyed by pests. Among the frequent ticks are cyclamen and spider mites. During wintering, the tubers can be attacked by thrips and mealy bugs. Treatment with alcohol or cognac, during this period, will drive away pests. Preparations such as confitor and fitoverm protect the plant both in winter and summer.
We suggest reading about gloxinia leaf diseases in this article.
Further, a visual and informative video about caring for gloxinia at home:
The tropical herb has 25 species, some blooming all year round. Observing simple recommendations for care and cultivation, any of them can take root in your home. These terry bells will make wonderful neighbors.