Gerberas managed to win the love of flower growers. This is a herbaceous perennial plant, also called Transvaal chamomile. Bright flowers that really look like large daisies are becoming more and more popular, including for self-breeding at home. In many homes, these amazing flowers delight the eye with their beauty and variety.
Today we will talk about how to reproduce this beautiful flower at home and how to care for it. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
How to reproduce?
The main methods of gerbera breeding:
- Cuttings... Quite a popular way. Varietal traits are well inherited. You can get several seedlings of the same development level. Plants up to 3 years old reproduce in this way most easily.
- Sowing seeds... This method is suitable when a lot of seedlings are needed. However, the results may be uneven. In addition, when germinating seeds, the varietal characteristics of the plant may not be preserved and deviations may appear.
- Leaf propagation... This method may not preserve the varietal characteristics of the plant, but it requires a little planting material and time.
- Dividing the bush... A good way to rejuvenate an already mature plant or propagate a certain variety. Varietal characteristics are fully preserved. Best suited for plants from 4 years old with a well-developed root system.
The result will directly depend on the chosen method, so it is necessary to take into account all the pros and cons of each.
Important: When gerbera is propagated vegetatively as a mother plant, you need to choose a healthy bush without signs of disease.
How to propagate and grow an orange gerbera, we told in our material.
Any of these gerbera breeding methods are available at home. Gerbera does not like deep burial in the soil.
With any method of reproduction, seedlings should be planted so that the rosette of leaves is slightly higher than the soil.
You can cut a gerbera bush from May to July.... How to properly propagate a gerbera by cuttings:
- With a sharp knife, cut off a small part of the rhizome with 2-3 leaves from the mother bush.
- Shorten the leaves by a third of their length.
- Plant the prepared cuttings in flower containers without burying them in the soil. The soil should be moist and warm.
- Create a greenhouse. For this, containers with cuttings can be covered with foil or plastic cups. The covering material should not touch the plant. You can also make small holes in it for ventilation with a needle. This will avoid stagnant moisture.
This method can be called the easiest and most effective.
Street gerberas reproduce by seed only in spring.... You can sow seedlings in March. Indoor gerberas can be propagated in this way at any time of the year.
Step-by-step instructions for growing gerbera from seeds:
- Select seeds no older than 6-8 months. After reaching this age, the seeds have a very low germination rate.
- Prepare a container, pour soil into it and slightly moisten it with a spray bottle.
- Spread the seeds over the surface of the substrate. Sprinkle them on top with a thin layer of earth and moisten it a little again.
- Cover the boxes with seedlings with glass or foil so that you get a mini-greenhouse.
- Periodically ventilate the container with seeds for a short time and moisten the substrate by spraying it. Shoots should appear in 8-10 days.
- Dive the seedlings into separate flower containers when 3-4 leaves appear on the seedlings.
The optimum temperature for seedlings is 18-20 0C. Gerbera seeds love good lighting, but should not be exposed to direct sunlight.
We recommend watching a video about growing gerbera from seeds:
Leaf propagation is also possible for gerbera... For this you need:
- Select part of the stem with leaf and knot. A knot is a small seal from which new roots should emerge later. You need to cut the stalk under it.
- Cut off the selected part with a sharp sterile knife.
- Plant the cut material in warm, nutritious soil.
- Cover with wrap or plastic cup to create a greenhouse. It is imperative to create a small ventilation hole in the greenhouse.
- Within a week, the leaf should take root, after which it can be divided and planted in flower containers.
By dividing the bush
Dividing the bush is the most popular way to reproduce gerbera and at home it gives better results. It is best to carry out the procedure in early March.
To reproduce a gerbera by dividing a bush, you need:
- Remove the flower from the ground along with the roots.
- Cut the soil segments into several pieces with a sharp, sterile knife. Each part obtained must have at least 2 growth points and a part of the root system.
- Treat the cuts with crushed coal and plant them in separate pots. When planting, the root collar should be 1-2 cm above ground level (read how to plant a gerbera and how to care for a plant here).
- Put a pot of seedlings in a cool shaded place for a week.
- After 3-4 weeks, each part of the bush will give new roots.
Advice: After planting in the ground, neither the mother plant nor the separated seedling need to be watered for 2 days. After that, watering can only be carried out along the edges of the pot to avoid water ingress on the rhizome.
The most common problem in the reproduction and care of gerbera is the occurrence of fungal diseases. (read here how to recognize and treat room gerbera diseases). Gerbera does not like stagnant water, and young seedlings of this plant most often die with excessive watering. Why gerbera leaves turn yellow and how to cure it, you can find out here.
Poor ventilation and excessive moisture can lead to the following diseases:
- Gray rot.
- Powdery mildew.
Problems can also arise if the soil contains too much nitrogen. Gerbera does not like nitrogen-containing fertilizers... It is also better to refuse feeding with organic fertilizers.
If a gerbera is planned to be grown in the open field, then it is possible to plant it in the soil only after the time of night frosts has passed (you can find out how to plant a garden gerbera and what is the subsequent care for it here). Seedlings can be planted in a pot on the windowsill as soon as they get stronger (you can find out how to properly care for gerberas in pots here).
The main conditions required for keeping a gerbera:
- Temperature... For the flowering period, the temperature should be between 16-24 0C, during the rest period about 12-14 0C (about why indoor gerberas do not bloom and the rules of care, you can find out here).
- Lighting bright but diffused. It is better to shade both seedlings and adult plants from the bright midday sun.
- Air humidity... Gerbera loves high humidity. Be sure to spray the plant with fine water dust or wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
- Watering moderate. You need to water the gerbera along the edge of the pot or into the pallet, this will avoid stagnant moisture. If some time after watering the water remains in the pan, it must be poured out, otherwise the roots may rot.
Attention: Water during watering and spraying should not fall on the rosette of leaves and flowers.
How to care for a room gerbera at home, read our material.
Gerbera propagation is a fairly simple process. The main thing is to create optimal conditions similar to natural ones. To do this, it is enough to observe the irrigation and lighting regime, as well as maintain the desired temperature. Choosing a suitable propagation method will extend the life of existing plants and get new seedlings that can bloom for several months.