Gerbera pink is an elegant decorative flower. Basically, it is grown for cutting into bouquets and flower arrangements. A very popular variety among florists and designers.
This delicate pink flower looks great at home on the windowsill, on the flower beds of the garden and as an element of decor in the design.
It is often used for home decoration, because even artificial flowers in the form of pink gerberas look gentle and festive.
Further in the article, we will provide visual photos of pink gerberas and tell you how to properly care for this beautiful flower.
Description and history of occurrence
Gerbera pink - a hybrid variety of perennial herbaceous flowering plants... Belongs to the numerous family of Asteraceae or Compositae.
The gerbera genus was discovered in the 18th century. by the Dutch botanist J. Gronovius. The flower was named after the German scientist T. Gerber. The homeland of the flower is South Africa, Madagascar, the tropics of Asia.
In modern floriculture, there are more than 20 species and about 100 bred varieties.... One of them is pink gerbera.
Appearance and features
The stem is shortened, up to 35 - 40 cm high. The leaves are light green, located in the root rosette. The structure of the leaves are pinnate, dissected, oblong, pointed at the ends. They grow in length up to 30 cm. The bases of the leaves and petioles are pubescent.
Flowers are single, large, basket-shaped. The core of the flower is always yellow. The flowers are 5-15 cm in diameter, there are large-flowered species, up to 30 cm. Flowering occurs at the end of summer, lasts 2 - 3 months... In greenhouses, flowering is almost continuous, lasts until late autumn. Peduncles are strong, dense, with slight pubescence.
The root system is voluminous, powerful, branched. Fruits - seeds are small, dusty, in 1 g - up to 300 - 400 seeds.
Important! Most often grown as a decorative indoor flower or in industrial greenhouse floriculture.
The most common hybrid varieties of pink gerbera are:
Check out the photo of a pink gerbera:
Variety "Hollywood", "Vera"
Peduncles are high. The flowers are large, light pink, the petals are wide.
Differs in bright pink petals... The flowers are small, the petals are narrow. Stems are high, up to 35 - 40 cm.
Pink gerbera belongs to the double and semi-double varieties.
Planting rules and tips
Planting is carried out in late May - early June... Only an adult flower is used as a mother bush. A special substrate is preliminarily prepared.
- A drainage layer of expanded clay is poured into a pot with drainage holes - up to 2 cm.
- The substrate is poured out, well moistened and treated with a manganese solution.
- The root of the bush is freed from the ground.
- Dry and damaged root processes are cut off.
- With a sharp knife, the root is divided into parts.
- Each part should have 2 - 3 growth points.
- Each part is immediately planted in a separate pot.
- Requires diffused light, regular watering.
In more detail about how to properly plant a gerbera at home and how to take care of it later, we tell in this material.
Attention! It can be planted only in southern latitudes, in warm climatic conditions.
A well-lit area is usually chosen. Seedlings are pre-grown or purchased in a store. The soil should be fertilized, loose.
- The site is being dug up.
- Peat, leaf earth, sand are introduced into the soil, in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.
- Shallow holes are dug.
- A little rubble is poured at the bottom of the hole for drainage.
- When deepening, the stem should remain on the surface.
- Good hydration is necessary.
Read more about how to plant a garden gerbera in open ground and about the nuances of subsequent plant care, read here.
It is not recommended to replant the pink gerbera during flowering.... A transplant is only required if the pot has become small.
Lighting and location
Gerbera pink prefers bright light. It is recommended to install pots in the house on the south-east, south-west side. Can also be grown on southern windowsills. On particularly hot days, it is necessary to shade the windows with a light curtain so that the leaves do not get burned. In summer, it is recommended to take the pots out to an open veranda, balcony or loggia. The flower loves fresh air.
Important! The plant needs long daylight hours. In winter it is necessary to use additional lighting for 2 - 3 hours per day. special phyto lamps are used.
The soil for a pink gerbera should be loose, light, slightly acidic. You can buy a ready-made substrate for flowering plants in the store. You can make your own potting mix.
- Leafy ground - 2 tsp
- Peat - 1 tsp
- Moss sphagnum - 1 tsp
- Sand - 1 tsp
- Drainage from expanded clay and small stones.
No compost or humus should be added to the substrate.
Open flower beds require special care - it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil, remove weeds.
Gerbera pink prefers abundant regular watering in spring and summer. In hot weather, additional spraying can be added to lower the temperature.
When watering and spraying, water should not enter the axils of the leaves and the root outlet.... Watering is carried out at the root.
In winter, watering is reduced. The main rule for watering is that the substrate should be slightly moistened. Leaves once a week must be wiped from dust with a damp cloth.
When watering and irrigating the bush, you need to use only warm, settled, clean water... After watering and spraying, the water from the pan must be poured out immediately, the roots should not be soaked in water.
It is extremely dangerous to expose the flower to sudden changes in temperature. The optimum air temperature in spring and summer is 20 - 24 ° C. In winter, at rest, the temperature drops slightly to + 16 ° C.
The flower is fertilized with mineral complex fertilizers... Top dressing is applied every 7 - 10 days after watering. From February to March, at the beginning of summer - during the period of active growth, nitrogen fertilizers are desirable. At this time, the green mass of the bush is growing. For the formation of buds, in July - early August, a phosphorus - potassium complex of fertilizers is needed.
Attention! Gerbera pink is very sensitive to fertilizers, dressings should be poorly concentrated.
When planting flowers in open ground, fertilizers are applied 2 times a month when watering.
This variety requires not very deep, compact pots with drainage holes. When transplanting, the pot should be 2-3 cm larger in diameter than the previous one.
Flowering is difficult if the planting containers are too large... In such plantings, only the root system will develop.
Pink gerbera does not tolerate cold snaps and frosts at all. In temperate climates, the flower does not tolerate winter outdoors. In the fall, the bushes must be dug up, transplanted into pots. Winter maintenance of garden varieties - air temperature not less than 8 - 9 ° C, moderate watering, sufficient lighting.
When transplanting, it is necessary to preserve an earthen lump, the transfer method is used.
Leave the flower to winter only in the southern regions... Here you need additional shelter with leaves, pine branches, hay.
How to care for a gerbera at home is described in detail in a separate article.
Common diseases and pests
Pink gerbera is sick most often due to improper temperature conditions and excessive watering.
- Decay of the root collar is the most common disease. Rot affects the entire flower. It is almost impossible to save him. For preventive purposes, water stagnation and substrate dampness should be avoided.
- From stagnant air, constant overflows, dangerous fungal diseases can appear - powdery mildew, gray rot. Here you will need to treat the bush and soil with fungicides. The procedure is repeated 2-3 times with an interval of 7-10 days.
- Late blight, fusarium is treated with foundation. At the same time, watering is reduced, the flowers are quarantined so that the infection does not spread to other healthy flowers.
- For spider mites, wash the leaves with soapy water. Any insecticide can be used.
- In open flower beds, the flower is often affected by aphids. An urgent spraying with karbofos or foundation is required. You can treat the flower with tobacco tincture. 40 g of dry tobacco requires 1 liter of water.
You can get acquainted with common gerbera diseases and methods of dealing with them here.
Further, a visual video about gerbera disease:
Gerbera pink reproduces in several ways:
The process of growing seedlings is painstaking and laborious.
Reference! Seed germination period is 6 - 10 months.
Sowing is carried out at the end of winter... Young bushes bloom in summer. The substrate should include peat and sand. The temperature for keeping seedlings is at least 18 - 20 ° C. Seeds are germinated under foil or glass. The greenhouse must be ventilated daily. As soon as the first leaves appear on the seedlings, they need to be transplanted into small pots. The grown seedlings are transplanted into permanent flowerpots after 2 - 3 weeks.
You can find detailed step-by-step instructions for growing gerberas from seeds in our article.
Dividing the bush
The most convenient and basic breeding method for pink gerbera. This method allows you to preserve the varietal characteristics of the flower. The division is carried out in the spring, in April. For division, use adult bushes 3-4 years old. The flower is divided into 2-3 parts, each of which should have 3-4 young leaves.
When planting, the rosette should not be buried; it should protrude 1 cm above the soil level.
Saplings are not recommended to be installed in direct sunlight., the light should be bright, but diffused. Watering is moderate, regular.
The method is not always effective. Often, cuttings do not take root, they rot.
Important! When grafting, the species characteristics of the flower may disappear or change.
Leaves for grafting are cut at the base... The cut sites must be treated with growth hormone. Rooting requires greenhouse conditions. The cuttings are buried 1 - 2 cm into the soil. The landing containers should be covered with plastic wrap. Air temperature for rooting - 20 - 22ᵒС. Watering is moderate, it is better to moisten the substrate with a spray bottle. Cuttings take root within a month. Then the seedlings are planted in separate pots (read about all methods of gerbera breeding at home and the necessary follow-up care here).
Gerbera pink is an exotic flower. Caring for him must be thorough and competent. It takes a lot of effort and dedication to grow bushes with vibrant flowers.