Among indoor plants, gloxinia is especially popular with flower growers, it is also synningia. Plant breeders love her for her tenderness, velvety flowers and variety of species.
But this delicate flower requires increased attention. It is necessary to provide the plant with careful care and try hard to ensure that it reproduces successfully.
In this article, you will learn how to successfully propagate gloxinia using a leaf. You can also watch a useful video given to him.
Ways to propagate a plant
The most recognized ways:
- Reproduction by leaf petioles.
- Reproduction by seeds.
- Reproduction by dividing the tuber.
- Reproduction by peduncles.
Reproduction of synnengia with a leaf is best done in early summer, because fresh leaves, in a given period of time, have more strength. Besides, a young plant has more ability to form a tuber.
Preparing for breeding and growing at home:
- From a healthy adult plant, cut off a leaf taken at the base. (The length of the petiole is up to 5 centimeters.)
- Cut the petiole exactly across with a sterile blade or a sharp knife, so as not to introduce microbes and damage the plant itself, dip the tip into a phytohormone solution.
- Before planting, disinfect the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate or spill it with boiling water.
The pot in which the plant will be placed should be 4-5 centimeters wider in diameter than the tuber itself. Both clay and plastic pots are suitable for growing. The form can be absolutely any. It is best not to plant tubers in a pot that is too wide or too narrow.... If the container is too narrow, the plant will often dry out, since there is little soil in it. If on the contrary - too wide - the plant will increase the leaf and root mass, postponing flowering for a long time.
You can read more about the rules for choosing a pot for gloxinia here.
The soil must be loose and have a liquid carrying capacity. Many growers prefer soil for violets. You should not use ordinary peat with a high degree of acidity, because gloxinia will grow poorly and will not give flowers. Optimally:
- 1 piece of leafy land;
- 0.5 parts of river sand;
- 1 part deoxidized peat.
Read about the correct preparation of the soil for gloxinia in a separate article.
Step-by-step instructions on how to reproduce correctly?
- We make drainage holes in a plastic cup, fill up the soil.
- We moisten the substrate and make depressions there at an angle of 45 º using a pencil or ice cream stick. (You can simply place the leaf in the soil at a 45º angle).
- We press down the earth around. Place the sheet so that the bottom surface is facing the wall of the pot, and the base of the plate does not touch the soil.
- Cover the top of the glass with a bag without damaging the sheet.
- We place the mini-greenhouse in a bright, warm place without the risk of direct sunlight. Soil temperature should not drop below 16 ° C.
- We ventilate the greenhouse once a day and water it when the soil dries up.
We recommend watching a video about the reproduction of gloxinia using leaves:
How to grow a leaf from a fragment?
Gloxinia can be propagated even with a piece of leaf.:
- Cut a healthy green leaf into 2 equal parts in the form of a tick (if necessary, the number of parts can be increased).
- We shorten the petiole, leaving 2 centimeters.
- Further, using the same algorithm, we plant leaf fragments in the ground, arrange a greenhouse.
We recommend watching a video about the reproduction of gloxinia with a leaf fragment:
When will the sprouts appear?
A new baby appears on average within a month. As soon as the shoots appear, you need to remove the bag to prevent decay. After that, young plants should be planted separately.
In the first 1.5 - 2 months, the plant does not need to be fed. In the future, you can feed it once every 10 days, but the concentration of the solution should be weaker.
Gloxinia is fed in cloudy weather or in the evening. An hour after watering, we apply top dressing, trying not to get on the leaves and at the point of growth. Make sure that after fertilization, the plant is not exposed to the sun.
Before the buds appear, organic fertilizers alternate with nitrogen (ammonium nitrate), after the buds appear, organic fertilizers alternate with phosphoric (phosphoric acid potassium, superphosphate).
- Nitrogen fertilizers cause vegetative growth, but excess nitrogen can cause root rot. Therefore, such fertilizers are given only at the beginning of growth.
- Phosphoric - increase flowering, however, excess phosphorus leads to plant chlorosis.
- Trace elements - affect the color and the number of buds, the size of flowers.
Organic fertilizers - bird droppings.
After the third or fourth pair of leaves, young buds appear. The amount depends on the conditions and the mass of the tuber.
If the first flowering was early, gloxinia can bloom again... In such a case, the aerial part (flowers, leaves) is cut off, leaving a shoot 2 centimeters long. Repeated flowering is not common for all plant species and varieties.
In autumn, when it can be seen that the soil does not dry out for a long time, we gradually reduce watering, and with the appearance of yellowness on the leaves, we stop watering altogether. When the ground part of the tuber dies off, the plant goes into a dormant period, which lasts 3-4 months.
Advice: Place the pot of tuber in a cool place (+10 - +15 ºС). During the winter, the soil is moistened several times, if the storage temperature is higher, moisten it more often.
You can read about the features of gloxinia wintering here.
During active growth, gloxinia is watered with settled water at room temperature, but you need to be careful, because the plant does not tolerate moisture due to susceptibility to fungal diseases. Depending on the storage location, during the dormant period, watering is reduced or not moistened at all.
How to water young seedlings?
Young shoots should be watered with soft water (melt, rain, partially boiled). When watering, make sure that water does not get on the leaves and in the center of the tuber. Water is 2-3 ° C warmer than the ambient temperature. We reduce watering in cloudy, cold, rainy weather, as well as during a dormant period.
Thus, now you know how to propagate gloxinia from a leaf at home. When breeding sinningia, it is very important to be patient and take good care of the grown flower. Then, with careful care, creating suitable conditions and timely feeding, the plant will delight with delicate and velvety flowers, as well as reproduce successfully.