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Hybrid sinningia or gloxinia: planting seeds, tubers and caring for an indoor flower after transplanting

Hybrid sinningia or gloxinia: planting seeds, tubers and caring for an indoor flower after transplanting


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Gloxinia or hybrid sinningia is a beautiful flower that amazes with its variety of colors and shapes. Its flowering time is from March to October.

This gentle houseplant came to us from Brazil, and pleases with its abundant flowering every year.

Once, before every florist who decides to grow gloxinia, an important question arises - how to breed it? In this article, we will look at how to plant with seeds and tubers. As well as the rules for caring for a flower after transplanting it.

Necessary conditions and time

The resting period of gloxinia is January and early February. Therefore, the most the optimal time for planting or transplanting a plant is the end of February, at this time tubers usually wake up. However, it is worth paying attention to some details if you are going to plant it during this period. Since he does not always wake up in February, sometimes this process can drag on until May.

A hallmark of awakening is the buds that form on the tuber. Also, if the awakening process does not start for a long time, you can wake it up by an artificial method.

It is important not to miss the onset of awakening, because if you do not plant the tuber on time, this will negatively affect the plant and can destroy it.

With planting seeds, things are easier, since they can be planted at any time, but it is much more difficult to grow a strong plant from them. But, when growing seeds at home, you can create unusual hybrids or enjoy the view of rare varietal specimens.

Although the seeds can be planted at any time, the temperature, humidity and lighting of the growing environment must be considered. therefore when planting in the autumn-winter time, you should think about additional lighting, since the daylight hours of this plant are 12-14 hours, and the temperature is 20-24 ° C.

In order for your gloxinia to bloom all year round, you can arrange for a rack or a warm shelf for them by organizing lighting for them for 14 hours a day. Why gloxinia does not bloom and how to make it release buds, you will learn from our article.

Preparation: soil and pot

Gloxinia is not very demanding on the composition of the substrate, so there should be no problems with the choice. It is worth giving preference to a light soil with a sufficient amount of nutrients, which will pass moisture and air well. Peat-based substrates work well or the soil used to plant violets.

Also, you can prepare the soil yourself by mixing 1 part of the soil taken from under any tree (except oak), peat (with a low degree of acidity) and 0.5 parts of sand, you can add manure or humus. Before planting, the soil should be disinfected with boiling water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

When using too dense soil, there is a risk of plant rot, as this can provoke moisture retention in the soil and lack of air.

The choice of pot depends on the size of the tuber:

  • The diameter of the pot should be 4-6 cm wider than the tuber itself.
  • The height should be calculated for 3-4 cm of the drainage layer, the soil with a completely covered tuber.
  • A mandatory factor is the presence of drainage holes to prevent stagnation of water.
  • You can choose the material to your taste, there are no restrictions here.
  • The color of the pot is preferably light so that the gloxinia does not overheat in the sun.

It is better to start planting small tubers in not too wide vessels.so that the flower does not begin to build up the root system, as it will postpone the flowering of gloxinia to a later date. However, no need to overdo it, too tight a vessel (less than 9 cm) will not benefit the plant. It can begin to wither and shed leaves, and the soil will constantly dry out.

How to plant correctly?

Now consider the question of how to properly plant the tuber of such an indoor flower as gloxinia. As mentioned above, it is important not to miss the tuber awakening period, which begins at the end of February. Its sign is the appearance of new shoots. Step by step instructions will help you understand how to plant tubers.

Step-by-step instruction

  1. Remove old dried roots from the tuber as much as possible, leaving the largest threads. Then new ones will grow out of them.
  2. Determine where the bottom and top of the tuber are, so as not to plant it upside down (a small depression is located at the place where future sprouts appear - this is the top, on the opposite side there is a bulge - the bottom, this side should be planted in the soil).
  3. Check the tuber for damage, rot, for this you can rinse it. If lesions are present, carefully cut them out and treat these places with charcoal or treat with a mixture of fungicide and "Kornevin", leaving the tuber to dry for 24 hours. This surgery will help heal the damage.
  4. Preparing the place. At the bottom of the pot we lay a foam drainage of 1-3 cm and pour the prepared soil on top.
  5. We make a depression in the soil and place the tuber there.
  6. We fill it up 2/3, leaving the top of the tuber on the surface so that the soil does not fall on the sprouts.
  7. Water the soil around the tuber. Make sure that water does not get to the top of the tuber, where there is a concavity.
  8. After a while, when the tuber sprouts grow, it can be sprinkled with fresh substrate.

If you plant a dormant tuber, there is a high probability of death of the plant due to the inability to absorb moisture and nutrients before the start of growth of shoots and roots.

The normal rest period for gloxinia is 3-4 months. (you can find out about the features of wintering gloxinia here). However, some plants take longer to start a new growing season.

How to wake up a tuber if it does not show signs of activity for a long time?

  1. The washed, inspected and dried tuber is placed in a tight-fitting bag and a slightly damp peat substrate is added.
  2. The closed bag is left warm (under diffused sunlight or phytolamp). It is important to remember about the light and temperature required for the normal development of the plant (see above).
  3. After about 14 days, drops appear on the inner surface of the film, and the tubers have buds ready for growth. This indicates that it is ready to land.

We offer you to watch a video about planting gloxinia tubers:

How to plant seeds?

  1. Seeds are planted on the surface of moist and loose soil. They do not need to be deepened into the ground. There is no need to choose any particular substrate. You can use peat tablets.
  2. The soil must be sterilized.
  3. The capacity is preferable to be shallow, and the soil layer is up to 3 cm, since the seedlings dive several times during the growth process.
  4. After the seeds are evenly distributed over the ground, they are sprayed from a spray bottle and the container is tightly covered with a film so that moisture does not evaporate and placed in a warm, bright place.

Already after 7-10 days, small sprouts begin to appear on the surface of the soil... Further actions are regular watering and, if necessary, picking.

Read more about how to grow gloxinia at home from seeds here.

We offer you to watch a video about growing a flower with seeds:

How to care after transplant?

For proper care after transplanting a plant, it is worth considering the following recommendations:

  • Gloxinia is a long-day plant, so good lighting in diffused light is essential to produce a strong, abundantly flowering plant. But do not expose it to direct sunlight, the flower may overheat.
  • During the germination period of the tuber, the air temperature should be slightly above 25 degrees, to accelerate the growth of young shoots. But not to reach 28, as the plant stops developing.
  • High humidity is needed.
  • Watering should be done with warm water. Be sure to water evenly so that all parts of the root receive their portion of moisture.
  • The room in which gloxinia grows must be regularly ventilated so that fungal diseases do not form. But strong drafts should not be allowed. Read about diseases and pests of gloxinia, as well as methods of dealing with them, here.
  • When the flower is rooted (15-20 days), top dressing can be applied. Before flowering, it is better to use those that contain nitrogen.

    Be sure to water the gloxinia before using the top dressing.

Read about how to properly transplant and grow gloxinia in here, and from this article you will learn how to properly water and feed the plant.

Video instruction for the care of gloxinia:

Conclusion

Growing strong and healthy gloxinia takes a lot of effort, but the results are worth it. Remember to pay due attention to the plantso that this southern flower can delight the eyes of others and yours for a very long time. These tips and a step-by-step guide will help you plant and care for your plant properly, and gloxinia is sure to bring you a lot of lush flowers.


Watch the video: Gloxinia 2 (June 2022).


Comments:

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  5. Gabor

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