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How to grow a good harvest: seed propagation of garlic

How to grow a good harvest: seed propagation of garlic



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Garlic is one of the most common crops that are grown in vegetable gardens and even at home on windowsills, and this can be done in a variety of ways, one of which is growing garlic from bulbs.

From the article you will learn about the features of planting garlic using bulbs. How and in what period should you start collecting seed?

Also check out the step-by-step instructions for growing a crop in this way: when to sow, what equipment to use, how to choose the most suitable site, and how to plant the bulbs with a seeder?

What are the rules for caring for the planted bulbs, in order to ultimately harvest a generous harvest of garlic?

What it is ?

Winter garlic, which is mainly used for this method, has one distinguishing feature: when it grows, arrows appear on it, which in the process of further growth open and become like a lush flower, consisting of many voluminous petals. These petals are the bulbs - very small cloves of garlic. On one stem, their number can reach hundreds.

The air bulbs are like seeds and are used to plant garlic. So, in order to get 100 - 150 heads of garlic, it is enough to leave about 3 sprouted arrows.

Features of planting using bulbs

Winter garlic attracts everyone who is engaged in planting such crops, with its amazing productivity and large head sizes and, accordingly, teeth as well.

But with subsequent planting, their size is a huge disadvantage, because in order to get a large amount of harvest, you will also need a lot of planting material.

It is important to note, however, that in one head of winter varieties, on average, 12 cloves, in spring varieties - up to 20.

It is very irrational to spend most of the grown garlic in order to plant again. Therefore, the way out of this situation was the cultivation of garlic from bulbs.

But the main advantage is not the saving of planting material, but the improvement of the entire crop (in the process of their growth, they do not touch the ground, and therefore are not carriers of any diseases) and an increase in its shelf life.

Difference from other methods of growing garlic - a significant simplification of the process: when planting with cloves, you need to put one in each hole, and the bulbs should be placed just like the seeds of any other vegetables.

How many seeds are there in 1 kg?

On average, the number of bulbs per inflorescence varies from 20 to 130, after harvesting and drying, the mass of this amount is 12 - 20 grams, and this allows us to calculate that 1.5 - 2 tons can be collected per 1 hectare with a density of 150 - 200 seed plants per hectare.

1000 bulbs weigh approximately 120 - 400 grams, therefore in 1 kg. there can be at least 830 pieces... Their number can be either more or less. It all depends on the variety of winter garlic, growing conditions, so this number should not be considered accurate.

When and how to harvest the seed?

Each region has a different time for the ripening of garlic, therefore, you can determine when it is necessary to collect the bulbs by the appearance of the arrow: first it will twist into a spiral, and then it will straighten, then you need to start.

It is best to choose bulbs on the largest arrows.to get a good harvest later. Leaving them, we get rid of all the rest and wait for the ripening of those that we have chosen.

In no case should you miss the moment of complete ripening of the bulbs, because immediately after that they will begin to actively fall off.

Collected bulbs do not need to be separated from each other, because they are kept whole, wrapped in cheesecloth for a while (pre-soaked with a solution of potassium permanganate and already dried) and suspended to ripen.

At this time, there is an influx of all nutrients from the stem into them.

When the stem dries up significantly, you can pull the bulbs out of the gauze and separate them. from each other, which will be done much easier. Then they can be stored until the next planting or already start planting.

From the video you will find out when to collect the bulbs of garlic:

Step-by-step instructions on how to grow a culture

Sowing dates

Choosing the right time for planting garlic in this way is very important, because it can be done both in autumn and spring. In autumn, it is best to plant bulbs in September or October., then they will have time to take root well before the arrival of cold weather.

And in the spring, as soon as you can start planting something (for example, you can focus on the beginning of work in the field), but even then the yield will be less than that which will appear as a result of the autumn sowing.

Preparing inventory

Due to the fact that planting garlic using bulbs is exactly the same as planting any vegetable using seeds, during this process various mechanisms can be used to further simplify it. A conventional onion planter (CPR - 2) is suitable as a manual technique. With its help, you can change the distance between the holes. For a large sowing area on the Russian market, only Spanish machines are offered at reasonable prices.

Material preparation

Recommended 2 - 3 months before planting, place the bulbs on the lower shelf of the refrigeratorTo harden them and prepare them for outdoor conditions, you can also soak them in the hall solution for 12 hours, and plant them immediately after that. Full instructions are described below.

Site selection

To grow garlic from bulbs, you need clean and fertile soil. they do not have a good ability to resist disease. It is necessary to cultivate the land before planting in the same way as for any other method of growing this crop.

Important! Before planting, you need to level the area as much as possible.

The process of planting the air with a seeder

There are no fundamental differences in how to plant garlic using bulbs in small gardens and huge areas, only in the technique that is used for this: either a manual seeder or large seeding machines. Also, the methods do not differ: in winter or spring - it does not matter.

Before the immediate beginning of planting, the bulbs are sorted by size into 3 - 4 groups, and on average 30 - 40 pieces are needed the size of a match head per 1 square meter. m. Accordingly, the larger their size, the more required. The sowing depth is 3-4 cm in spring and 10 cm in autumn., and the distance between the rows (they can be of any length, depending on the area) - 3 cm.

Further, the seeds placed in the ground are covered with a layer of humus and left alone.

You can get a full-fledged head of large garlic only for 2 years of sowing.... In exceptional cases, this can happen for 1 year.

It must be remembered that in no case should you grow garlic on the same plot for more than 2 years in a row. Diseases can accumulate on this land, and it is also not worth placing a planting site where onions, cucumbers, and carrots were previously grown. It is best to do this after a tomato, any cabbage and peas.

See how to plant garlic bulbs using the technique:

Care

Caring for bulbs planted in spring consists of watering, feeding, loosening the beds and getting rid of emerging weeds. When the first shoots appear, you need to immediately loosen the soil in order to avoid the appearance of a soil crust, which significantly slows down growth, and cover it with a layer of humus or peat. And watering should be regular from early May to early July. And stop moistening the soil 3 weeks before harvesting.

Bulbules need almost no maintenance in spring, so it is important for sowing at this time of year to choose those that are large and healthy.

After the snow melts, the first shoots appear, and they are fertilized, watered and weeded, but not dug up. And already for 2 years what is suitable for obtaining a full harvest grows.

You can read general information about caring for garlic here.

Harvesting and storage

Winter garlic, planted in spring or fall, is usually harvested in mid-July. But for the most part, you need to focus not on the timing, but on the yellowing of the leaves, the formation of dry scales on the bulb.

Possible problems and difficulties

There is absolutely nothing difficult in growing garlic bulbs: they appear on their own as soon as the top layer of the arrow dries up and cracks. They are just as easy to dry: just wrap them in cheesecloth and hang them to ripen completely.

Conclusion

Many people point out that when growing garlic in this way, its yield increases by 30 - 40% despite the fact that the amount of planting material is reduced, and these are really significant advantages of growing this culture with the help of bulbs.


Watch the video: How To Grow An Organic Vegetable Garden: Episode 5 Garlic (August 2022).