Wild garlic is a perennial herb in the onion family with a mild garlic flavor and aroma. In another way, it is also called wild garlic or, in more rare cases, its name is "bear onion".
Due to its taste and healing properties, this plant has long been successfully used both in cooking (for making salads, in pickling, etc.) and for medical purposes (treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, thyroid gland, etc.) ...
Although wild garlic tastes and smells like garlic, the plant is still classified as a member of the onion family. Therefore, wild garlic can be safely called both onions and garlic, or, in other words, wild-growing onions with a garlic smell. In the article, we will tell you the characteristic features of this plant and its beneficial properties, as well as show its photo.
Appearance and other features
The stem of the plant has a triangular shape and reaches a height of 15-50 cm... At the same time, the leaves grow from the very base and have a wide elongated shape (in a distant comparison, they are somewhat reminiscent of a lily of the valley). The bulb is no more than 1 cm in diameter. In early May, wild garlic begins to bloom, forming light (or white) small flowers, collected in the so-called. "Umbrellas".
Wild garlic grows in the Caucasus, Europe, Turkey, Belarus, some western regions of Russia, located mainly in shady forests or near rivers.
Despite the taste and aroma similar to ordinary garlic, the plant still has some distinctive features, for example:
- Leaf shape - green garlic has thin and long leaves (in the form of "arrows"), and wild garlic - extended, like a lily of the valley.
- Taste and smell - regular garlic, in contrast to wild garlic, has a more pronounced sharp taste and aroma.
- Tuber size - wild garlic, unlike garlic, has a very small tuber (some argue that it is practically absent).
Ramson and common garlic are completely different plants, the first of which grows mainly in the wild, while the second is a domestic cultivated species.
Among the useful properties of wild garlic are the following:
- Improves digestion (promotes the production of gastric juice).
- Increases appetite.
- Possesses a powerful bactericidal effect.
- Stimulates cardiac activity.
- Improves metabolism (including helping to lose weight).
- It has a general strengthening effect (enhances the protective functions of the body).
- Prevents the formation of cholesterol plaques.
- It is used externally for the treatment of skin diseases (abscesses, warts, etc.).
- Reduces blood pressure (with regular use).
- It is used for colds, rheumatism, intestinal infections.
- Charges the body with energy and vigor.
- It has an antiparasitic effect.
But beyond that wild garlic saturates the body with a mass of nutrients, among which:
- Vitamin C.
- B vitamins.
- A nicotinic acid.
- Organic acids.
To achieve the maximum therapeutic effect, the plant is recommended to be consumed fresh.
We suggest watching a video about the benefits of wild garlic:
Harm and contraindications
Like any product, wild garlic has some negative features, that is, it is not suitable for everyone.... In particular, the juice of the leaves of the plant has an aggressive effect on the gastric mucosa, so it should not be consumed on an empty stomach. For the rest (with the exception of contraindications), wild garlic does not pose any threat to the body if it is added to food in small quantities.
Ramson is contraindicated in the following cases:
- With diseases of the stomach (gastritis, ulcer).
- With pancreatitis.
- During pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- With individual intolerance to the product.
Can you grow it yourself or is it better to pick it outdoors?
Wild garlic can be grown in a summer cottage, only the gardener needs to take into account one circumstance: wild garlic grows rather slowly, reaching normal sizes only in the third year after sowing.
However, in this case, you can be sure of the purity and environmental friendliness of the product.
It is recommended to collect garlic in nature away from highways, factories and factories... The ideal option is a wild woodland (for example, a taiga zone) or a forest lawn. The best time to harvest is from April to June.
If the gardener decides to grow wild garlic in his personal plot, it is advisable to take into account the following factors before planting:
- It is better to propagate the plant not with a bulb, but with seeds (this way it takes root faster).
- Sowing should be done in winter (seeds need to lie for at least three months to get good shoots).
- Wild garlic grows best in a humid, shaded environment.
How to use?
The plant is eaten both as a whole and when added to culinary dishes.... Also, various medicinal products are prepared from it.
Salads, sauces, fillings for pies are prepared from the plant, salted and dried for the winter. Here are some of the dishes you can whip up.
Ham and egg salad
- wild garlic (200 g);
- ham (150 g);
- boiled eggs (3 pcs.);
- thick sour cream (3 tbsp. l.).
- Chop eggs and ham.
- Chop the garlic finely and add salt.
- Combine all the ingredients, season with sour cream, add salt and pepper to taste.
Vitamin salad, spring
- wild garlic (500-700 g);
- fresh eggs (2 pcs.);
- 2 fresh cucumbers;
- fat sour cream - 2 tbsp. l .;
- mayonnaise - 2 tbsp. l ..
- Chop the wild garlic and salt.
- Gently combine the greens with the eggs.
- Cut the cucumbers not very finely.
- Add sour cream and mayonnaise and mix well.
The mass of wild garlic with eggs and sour cream can be used to make a pie or pies.
We offer you to watch a video on how to make spring wild garlic salad:
In folk medicine
The following medicinal products can be prepared from wild garlic.
Compress on a purulent wound
What is needed:
- fresh wild garlic in small quantities;
- sterile bandage.
- Grind the plant (until sap forms).
- Apply to the affected area and bandage.
- After 2-3 hours, remove the bandage (without rinsing, dry the skin).
The remedy is recommended to be used 1-2 times a day (depending on the severity of the inflammation). Duration of therapy: 5-7 days.
When the plant is used externally, allergic reactions are possible (rash, redness, itching). If such signs appear on the skin, then the treatment should be stopped.
Tincture for colds
What is needed:
- leaves and stems of wild garlic (300 g);
- raspberry leaves (100 g);
- vodka (200 ml).
- Mix wild garlic with raspberry leaves.
- Add vodka, close the container with a lid and shake well.
- Move to a dark place for 2 weeks.
The tool is recommended to be taken in 1 tbsp. l. 20 minutes before meals. Frequency of application: 2-3 times a day.
Treatment course: 7 days (or until complete recovery).
Wild garlic, or wild garlic, is a natural source of essential substances for the body.and it can be used not only for food but also for medicinal purposes. However, its use must be approached with caution, since the plant has an irritating effect on the gastric mucosa. The plant can be unsafe in case of allergic reactions (when used externally).
Otherwise, wild garlic can become a fragrant seasoning in the preparation of culinary dishes and a healing component with a weakened immune system.