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Recipes for feeding tomato seedlings. How to fertilize before and after picking?


Every gardener dreams that his tomato harvest is the best. To do this, you need to regularly feed the tomatoes with various fertilizers. Let's take a closer look at this process, discuss all the do's and don'ts. The most important thing is choosing the right fertilizer for the tomatoes.

To feed or not to feed tomato seedlings? If you feed, then what, how and when? How not to harm young sprouts and at the same time grow strong plants? After all, the future harvest depends on this.

If the seedlings do not have enough nutrients, then the harvest will be poor and of poor quality. If you overdo it with fertilizers, you can destroy the seedlings. About what to feed, when and how much, as well as warnings from experienced gardeners, read on ...

What does this process mean?

Seedling picking is the transplanting of young plants from a common container into larger pots... This is done at an early stage, when 2-3 true leaves are fully formed.

Experts believe that picking promotes root development, makes the plant stronger and stronger.

Since during the period of active growth, the seedling begins to require a sufficient amount of soil volume, nutrients and oxygen. The root system is actively developing, requiring more and more space in the container.

What happens if you don't dive:

  • the seedlings are cramped, the roots are intertwined with each other;
  • decay lags behind in growth, becomes thinner and weaker;
  • there is a lack of oxygen and nutrients;
  • the root system is poorly developed.

Therefore, the feeding area is increased for young shoots by transplanting larger pots of about (500 ml in volume). This gives the seedlings an incentive for the development of the root system and is the key to health. Also, picking promotes the development of lateral roots, facilitates subsequent planting in the ground, helps to select strong plants and get rid of weak ones. If necessary, picking will help slow down the growth of seedlings.
Next, consider how you can feed the tomatoes before the pick, during or after the pick, so that the stems of the plant are plump and strong.

We suggest watching a video about what tomato picking is and how to properly fertilize a plant before transplanting:

How to feed a young plant before transplanting

Do tomatoes need it in the early stages for seedling growth?

Young seedlings require quite a lot of nutrients... Since all forces at this time are aimed at growth, development of the root system and building up green mass. A healthy plant can only grow in fertile, fertilized soil. Usually, experts recommend carrying out the first feeding after the first true leaf is fully formed, sometimes a little later.

The amount of dressings depends on the quality of the soil into which the seeds are sown, and the soil into which the shoots will be transplanted after picking.

If plants are deficient in nutrients, then it is very easy to notice by the appearance of the shoot.

Signs of nutrient deficiency:

  1. Lack of nitrogen is manifested by yellowing of the lower layer of leaves after which they fall off. In this case, an excess of nitrogen is manifested by the yellowness of the entire green mass. A solution of urea or ammonium nitrate will help here.
  2. If the plant lacks phosphorus, then the lower part of the leaf turns purple with veins. To eliminate this problem, superphosphate is used (read about what types of phosphorus fertilizers are for tomatoes and how to use them here).
  3. With a lack of potassium in the soil, young shoots wrinkle and if you do not fight this, then the fruits will ripen unevenly.
  4. With a lack of iron, plants suffer from chlorosis, yellowing and curling of leaves are observed. Iron chellate is perfect here.

Homemade fertilizer recipes

If you decide to feed the seedlings before picking, then the best option for the first feeding is a copper solution. It will reliably protect young shoots from late blight.

To do this, 1 teaspoon of concentrate (microfertilizer with high copper concentrate) is dissolved in 10 liters of water. Then the shoots are watered abundantly. The rest of the solution can be stored as long as necessary.

For subsequent dressings, both chemical compositions and organic fertilizers prepared at home are well suited.

Recipe number number 1:

  • 2 liters of water.
  • 1 g of urea.
  • 8 g superphosphate.
  • 3 g of potassium sulfate.

Recipe number number 2:

  1. Dissolve 5 g of bread yeast in 5 liters of water.
  2. Stir well.
  3. Insist for 24 hours.

The yeast infusion should not be stored. It is used immediately after preparation.

You can learn how to prepare a yeast-based top dressing for tomatoes, as well as the pros and cons of such fertilization, can be found here.

Recipe number number 3:

  • 2 liters of water.
  • 1 tbsp. spoon of wood ash.

Mix and infuse for 24 hours, then strain.

Recipe number number 4:

  • 2-3 parts of dry banana skins (read here how to use banana skins and other organic matter for feeding and proper growth of tomatoes).
  • 1 part water.

Pour banana skins with water and leave for 3 days. Before feeding, dilute with water in a ratio of 1: 3. All the recipes described are used for root dressing.

How to fertilize:

  1. The soil should be well moistened before fertilizing.
  2. The most convenient way to feed with a syringe, since the plant is still very young and tender.
  3. It is advisable to add about 3-5 g of solution from a syringe under each bush.
  4. The second feeding is allowed to be carried out no earlier than two weeks after the first.

At this stage (before picking) the plants are still too young and tender. The main thing here is not to overdo it!

What fertilizers and when to feed tomatoes after transplanting?

In order for the seedlings to be plump, and the fruits to be large, the correct selection of the composition for feeding is necessary. Also, regularity and the correct scheme of procedures are important. It is advisable to alternate root dressing with foliar fertilization. In addition, the rules for conducting procedures should be followed.

Root preparations

The first feeding should be applied no earlier than 10-14 days after the pick... The second top dressing is applied in two weeks. The third - as needed. The last feeding of seedlings is carried out 10 days before planting the plants in the ground.

After picking, the plant actively builds up its green mass, and the following compositions will help in this.

Recipe number 1:

  • 1 tbsp. spoon of urea.
  • 1 liter of water.

Mix the components until completely dissolved and water the plants abundantly. Such feeding contributes to the growth of green mass.

Recipe number 2:

  • 1 liter of water.
  • 1 tbsp. spoon of fertilizer "Nitrofoska".

Stir the ingredients until completely dissolved and water the seedlings abundantly.

"Nitrofoska" is a mineral fertilizer. The main components are phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen in equal proportions. Available in the form of granules.

You can learn more about the benefits of mineral fertilizers for seedlings and adult tomatoes, as well as the types of fertilizing and their use, here.

Recipe number 3:

  • 1 teaspoon of potassium sulfate.
  • 1 tbsp. spoon of superphosphate.
  • 0.5 liters of chicken manure.
  • Water -10 l.

Recipe number 4:

  • 0.5 liters of liquid mullein.
  • 1 tbsp. spoon "Nitrofoski".
  • 10 liters of water.

Liquid mullein can be purchased at any gardening store. It is usually sold in 5L containers. According to the manufacturer's information, 1 liter of such liquid replaces 100 kg of fresh manure. You can also buy dry mullein in various packages at the garden store.

Fertilizers according to recipes 3 and 4 should be added under each bush 200-300 g (about half of a 0.5-liter can).

Foliar spray formulations

Foliar dressing is spraying plants with special formulations from a spray bottle... This is a great way to fertilize plants during active growth stages and soil problems.

The main plus is the rapid absorption of nutrients. The second advantage is efficiency in adverse weather conditions.

There is also a minus - the difficulty in selecting the concentration of the drug. If you exceed it, you can get burns on the leaves. In this case, the fertilizer concentration should be 3 times less than with root dressing.

When foliar dressings are shown:

  1. Too acidic soil. Root fertilizers in such soil are poorly absorbed.
  2. Plants have a weak appearance with pronounced signs of micronutrient deficiencies.
  3. Before flowering.
  4. For root problems, when the absorption of nutrients through the root is difficult. The reasons may be different: high soil temperature, waterlogging of the soil, lack of oxygen in the soil, damaged roots (during transplantation or due to pests).

Foliar dressing should not be carried out during the day, as the liquid from the leaves quickly evaporates and the effectiveness of the procedure is lost.

Consider the most effective recipes.

Recipe number 1:

  • Water - 9 liters.
  • 10 drops of iodine.
  • 1 liter of milk whey.

Recipe number 2:

  • ½ a small bottle of brilliant green (brilliant green).
  • 10 pieces. tablets "Trichopol".
  • 10 liters of water.

Recipe number 3:

  • ½ cup sugar.
  • Iodine 15 drops.
  • 2 liters of milk whey.
  • 10 liters of water.

Read more about the benefits of iodine for feeding tomatoes and how to use it correctly in this article.

Rules for foliar dressing:

  1. Foliar dressing is best done once every 10-14 days.
  2. Under no circumstances should the recommended concentration of substances in the preparation be exceeded.
  3. Daily monitor the condition of the plants, if it has worsened, then the feeding should be either canceled or replaced with another drug.
  4. If the seedlings are in the greenhouse after spraying, the room must be ventilated (read about the main intricacies of fertilizing tomatoes in the greenhouse here, and from this article you will learn how to choose the best fertilizer for greenhouse seedlings).
  5. Spraying agents must be chlorine-free.

Read more about when to carry out foliar dressing and what preparations, read here.

Additional Tips

Experts warn:

  1. Fertilizing plants with mullein more than three times a season is very undesirable.
  2. The soil should not be overly fertilized, as the plants will actively grow greenery, and there will be few fruits.
  3. There is no need to put manure or bird droppings in the holes, this is fraught with a lack of yield and a large green mass.
  4. You can fertilize seedlings only in the morning or in the evening.
  5. After fertilization, the plant should be watered abundantly with settled water at room temperature.
  6. Purchase a soil in advance that contains all the necessary nutrients. It will serve as the main top dressing before planting tomatoes in the ground.

Thus, the first and all subsequent feeding of tomatoes, both before and after the dive, can be carried out with folk remedies prepared at home. Do not neglect the advice of experts, but at the same time, you should not mindlessly do everything you hear and read about. The golden mean is important here. The best teacher is practice. Only after gaining practical skills in working with plants will you understand which tips to take into account and which not.

We offer you to watch a video about the preparation of folk remedies for feeding tomatoes:


Watch the video: how to fertilize seedlings organically (November 2021).