Garlic is a perennial herb from the Amaryllis family. Since ancient times, it was cultivated in India (used for medicinal purposes), and in antiquity it was cultivated by the Romans, Assyrians, Egyptians and even Greeks. Today, garlic continues to be one of the most popular vegetable crops around the world. This is primarily due to its pungent taste and characteristic odor caused by the presence of special chemicals in the plant.
It should also be noted that garlic is famous not only for its taste, but also for its beneficial properties: its juice contains biologically active substances that have antifungal and anti-inflammatory effects, strengthen the immune system, as well as many vitamins. The good news is that you can grow such a healthy vegetable in your own garden. To obtain a bountiful harvest, it is important not only to observe the technology of planting garlic, but also to organize competent care for it in spring and summer. Let's take a closer look at whether you need to fertilize garlic and how to do it correctly.
The importance of timely fertilization
In order to get a good harvest of garlic, it is necessary to fertilize the plantas it needs a lot of nutrients. If you do not provide it with timely feeding, it will grow slowly and may even die from a lack of minerals and chemicals in the soil.
It is especially important to provide the plant with the necessary substances both during the "hibernation" period (before planting in autumn, winter garlic needs fertilization in order to survive the winter and start growing in spring), as well as during the period of rapid growth of the bulb (in order for it to grow large).
Attention: Feeding plants are not only larger, they are more resistant to disease and climate change. Timely fertilization contributes to a bountiful harvest.
What does it depend on?
Plant feeding depends on:
- Seasons... In the spring, garlic needs nitrogenous feeding (to build up the green mass), in the summer, fertilization helps the growth and formation of a large and strong head, in the fall - in order to survive the winter and rise in early spring.
- From the growth phase of the plant:
- During hibernation (autumn). Fertilizer is applied so that the plant can survive the winter and sprout in the spring.
- The period of growing green mass (spring). During this phase, garlic needs additional nutrition. As a rule, 2 dressings are carried out with a break of 2 weeks. Top dressing is carried out using nitrogen fertilizers.
- Head formation period (summer). Potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are required to form heads of garlic.
- From what type of fertilizer is used by the summer resident... You can use only organic fertilizers (manure, compost, wood ash, yeast, salt), or mineral fertilizers (bought in a special store).
What can be fertilized in spring and summer to grow large
Consider how you can feed garlic in early spring after winter and in summer so that it grows well, does not turn yellow and does not get sick.
They are considered environmentally friendly. These include:
- Wood ash... It disinfects the earth and contains a large amount of potassium and phosphorus, reduces the acidity of the soil. The beds are fertilized with ash in the fall, bringing it in for digging. It is good at reducing the acidity of the soil, which is detrimental to garlic. In summer, ash can be used during feeding, in June as an infusion.
- Manure (cow, horse, chicken droppings)... Contains a lot of nitrogen, which is necessary for the growth of green mass. You can use both fresh manure (with autumn fertilization) and rotted manure.
- Compost... This is a burned-out compound of fallen leaves, straw, grass, manure, etc. It contains many useful substances that plants need so much.
- Kitchen salt solution, disinfecting the ground and plantings, helping in the fight against harmful insects, accelerating the development of stems, providing plants with the necessary microelements. Disinfection of the ground prevents the spread of parasites.
- Ammonia (ammonia), also prevents the growth of bacteria, helps to get rid of harmful insects, and serves as a source of nitrogen. It is desirable immediately after germination.
- Yeast... It is only necessary to bear in mind that during the fermentation process, potassium and calcium are actively consumed from the soil. Therefore, it is desirable to combine such feeding with wood ash fertilization as a natural source of these microelements or any other appropriate (alternative) fertilizer.
- Herbal infusion... It contains a lot of nitrogen. Garlic is fed until early summer.
Sold in specialty stores. Let's list them:
- Potash... For example, potassium salt, potassium chloride. They increase yields, shelf life and disease resistance.
- Phosphoric... These include phosphate rock and superphosphates. They speed up the development of plants.
- Nitrogen... Urea, nitrate, ammonium sulfate. Promotes plant growth.
- Complex... Nitrophoska, ammophos, diammofosk, nitroammophos.
We recommend watching a video about mineral fertilizers for garlic:
Step-by-step instructions on how to feed the plant after winter
If you want the harvest to be rich, and the resulting garlic to be healthy and fully formed, it is important to follow a special fertilization technology. It is suitable for feeding both winter garlic and spring garlic. The latter is planted in spring, so it does not need autumn fertilization.
The number of dressings and their type are calculated individually. It is important to take into account the composition of the mail, the climate and the general condition of the plant. The main thing is to take into account the basic laws: the plant needs nitrogen fertilizers in the spring when it grows, and there is a need for phosphorus and potassium fertilizers during the formation of the head.
Helps to survive winter and sprout in spring. Before fertilizing, it is necessary to remove plant residues from the beds and dig up the soil... The following composition is well suited for feeding (per 1 sq. M.):
- 5 kg of compost or humus;
- 15-20 gr. superphosphate;
- 15 gr. potassium chloride or potassium sulfite;
- you can also add 2 more cups of wood ash.
After fertilizing, the soil must be dug up, leveled with a rake and poured with water with the addition of 1 tbsp. spoons of copper sulfate.
Important: You can not feed garlic in autumn with nitrogen compounds. They can lead to untimely green mass growth.
Acts as additional food for the plant. Without it, it will be difficult for garlic to grow, especially if the land is poor in essential chemicals. In total, 2 dressings are performed in the spring.:
- Fertilizer is applied 1-2 weeks after the snow has melted (for winter garlic). To do this, dissolve 1 teaspoon of urea and the same amount of potassium chloride in 10 liters of thermal water. Fertilize in the evening, before main watering.
- Fertilization is performed 2 weeks after the first spring feeding. To do this, you can add 10 liters of warm water nitroammofosku (1 sl. Spoon) and 0.5 liters of cowshed. Such feeding will serve the active growth of the green mass of the plant.
We recommend watching a video about spring dressing of garlic:
It is carried out at the beginning of the formation of the heads, that is, approximately during June.
To do this, dissolve superphosphate (2 tablespoons) in 10 liters of water. After applying the fertilizer, water the garlic with plain water.
Summer feeding is carried out only after trimming the arrow of the garlic and loosening the beds.
Garlic is not only very tasty, but also a healthy vegetable.... Many summer residents are happy to grow it on their site. However, you should pay attention to the fact that garlic requires regular and timely feeding. Without it, the plant will not only be unable to form a large head, but may even die from a lack of nutrients and trace elements.