Begonia is a wonderful plant that can be grown at home, on the balcony and in the garden. Many novice growers do not know how to properly prune begonia - a procedure without which it is impossible to grow a flower.
Begonia needs care almost from the very beginning of growth. The plant pulls out the branches quickly enough, and if the process is not controlled in time, all the forces of the begonia will go to the branches, and not to the leaves and crown.
The trimming is done according to the desired shape. Begonias, whose shoots have reached 10 cm, must also be cut above the upper bud. After properly pruning, lateral shoots begin to appear after two weeks.
What is cropping?
One of the properties of plants is their unlimited growth in the presence of the necessary nutrients in the soil. Over time, indoor flowers lose their attractiveness due to the proliferation of branches, become sloppy and cease to please the eye. Old branches lose strength and take away juices from young ones, preventing them from developing.
For rejuvenation and refinement of begonias, pruning is used - the removal of certain shoots and limiting the growth of new ones.
Cutting off excess stems improves the appearance, stimulates the growth of young shoots, and allows you to maintain a balance between the aboveground and underground parts. In flowering plants, pruning helps to form a flowering crown, remove excess flowers, or even trim the peduncle to maintain vitality. Pinching differs in that only a small tip of the shoot is removed... When the apical (apical) kidney is cut off, the so-called "spare" lateral ones wake up.
Pinching is used to increase the branching of the plant, and pruning is used to rejuvenate and form the crown.
Pinching in begonias is done when it is not possible to prune - for example, in very young plants.
Young bushes have not yet formed old shoots that need to be pruned. Pinching allows you to form a crown of the required shape.
Bush varieties need pruning, as they tend to grow rapidly and the leaves are shrinking.
How to properly get rid of unnecessary shoots before and after flowering?
- When thinking about how to prune begonias, it is important to remember that not all varieties are pruned and pinched. There are varieties that do not require a procedure (eg Royal Rex).
- Pruning is carried out with pruning shears. Do not cut branches with scissors and even more so break them off - such injuries will not benefit begonias.
- In decorative leaf forms, the flowering shoot is cut off.
- Pruning is done as the branches are pulled out.
- When caring for ampel varieties, the tops are cut off regularly.
- The crown begins to form almost immediately from the moment of purchase of the plant.
- Both procedures are performed either before flowering or immediately after.
- Drying stalks and drying leaves must be removed (read about why begonia leaves curl and what to do in this case, read here).
- Do not transplant and prune at the same time - double stress is harmful to the flower.
It is recommended to first cut the plant, wait for the lateral shoots to start growing, and only then transplant it into new soil. A transplant can also be carried out in early spring before the start of active growth., and after a period of adaptation, cut off excess and non-viable shoots.
Can I pinch?
- Pinching is carried out in the spring before flowering, or immediately after flowering until the end of summer.
- The procedure is performed using sharp scissors or pruning shears. Pinching can be done with your hands, but this can injure the stems.
- Among the shoots, the youngest and most unbranched are found.
- The tip of the shoots is pinched to the first from the top of the lateral bud - usually no more than 2-3 cm.
Removing branches for lush flowering
For a good and lush flowering, indoor begonias are pruned for the winter. (you can find out about why begonia does not bloom and how to achieve beautiful buds here). The first time is carried out when the plant reaches a height of 8-10 cm.
The apex is trimmed to promote lateral bud growth. The second pruning is carried out with a growth of 12-15 cm for branching. It can be replaced with a pinch.
At this time, the future crown of the flower is formed. Further, pruning is carried out as the shoots dry out and mature. Sometimes several peduncles are cut off for a longer and more abundant flowering. The crown is regularly thinned out, removing old and overgrown shoots, young ones are pinched for branching.
Pruning for the winter must be carried out in tuberous begonias, in other varieties - at the discretion of flower growers. Pruning in winter allows for fuller flowering.
We suggest watching a video on the correct removal of begonia branches:
How to take care after the procedure?
To prevent infection from entering the wound, the sections are treated with crushed charcoal or activated carbon, ash. Sometimes the cut sites are covered with woven bandages for several days. After pruning, the plant needs a short rest period.... The begonia pot is shaded - placed in the shaded part of the house or protected with a curtain. The number and frequency of watering is reduced.
The watering regime is gradually returned after the lateral shoots start to grow. After the restoration of the irrigation regime, the plant needs feeding. It is not recommended to do this for the winter; it is better to feed the begonia in spring and summer. Overfeeding is not worth it, since the introduction of additional nutrients changes the pH (acidity) of the soil. Nitrogen fertilizers are best suited.
Pruning is a necessary procedure for the formation of a healthy and beautiful shrub.... There is nothing complicated in the process itself; a novice florist will also cope with it. With a competent approach to pruning and pinching, taking into account the variety and season, you can get a magnificent plant that pleases the eye for many years.