Begonia has long won the hearts of flower growers. We fell in love with this plant for its exuberant flowering, bright colors and bizarre leaves. It has become a decoration for many rooms. In order for begonia to bloom profusely and delight the eye for a long time, you need to know the simple rules for caring for a flower, for example, that this plant prefers diffused light, a high level of moisture and soil rich in certain minerals, as well as how and how to properly fertilize the plant at home. conditions. Regular watering and feeding is required.
This houseplant needs proper watering. Watering regime is the main component of proper home begonia care..
- It is recommended to place begonia in a room with a high level of humidity. To do this, you can use a humidifier, or a spray bottle. But you need to make sure that water droplets do not fall on the leaves, since drops falling on the leaves can provoke the appearance of brown spots (which is why many growers never spray begonia).
Important! During the heating season, if your flower is near a radiator, use a wet towel. Moisten it abundantly with water and put it on the battery, so you normalize the humidity, because during this period the air becomes dry, and this adversely affects the flower.
- Begonia should be watered about once every 3 days - evenly and preferably at the same time. Most often these are morning or evening hours.
In the hot season, watering should be more abundant, let the water soak every piece of soil, let it flow out of the drainage holes, in the summer season this is acceptable. And from the middle of autumn, around October, it is better to reduce the frequency of watering, and in winter to reduce it to a minimum, since during this period the begonias begin to hibernate (read here how to keep begonias at home in winter). In the cold season, one watering per week will be enough, because too much water can damage the root system and lead to the death of your beloved flower.
- Water for irrigation should settle (about a day, in an open container) and be at room temperature.
- Favorably affects the flower and loosening the earth, 1-2 cm deep. This must be done carefully, after watering, when the water soaks the soil. This will provide adequate humidity inside the pot and create the necessary air exchange.
- For this houseplant, it is also possible by dipping the flowerpot.
- Take a shallow reservoir, slightly larger than your own, fill it with water and leave the plant in it until the liquid is absorbed into the ground through the drain.
- Then blot the bottom of the pot with a paper towel and return it to its place.
Top dressing at home
Fertilizing a plant is the introduction of phosphorus-potassium and nitrogen fertilizers to improve the growth of begonia and the development of its buds and inflorescences.
So, phosphate-potassium fertilizers are recommended to be used once every two weeksstarting from the moment of flowering. Thanks to this type of feeding, the plant will increase the flowering period and the number of buds, and in general will look healthier.
Consider how you can feed indoor begonias for abundant flowering. How to properly grow, water and care for begonia so that it blooms longer, we told in our material.
“Bona Forte” has proven itself well - it is a concentrated organo-mineral fertilizer, easy to use (10 ml for 1.5 liters of water.) And at a democratic cost (180-200 rubles). Also fertilizers such as:
- "Good Power" (300 rubles).
- "Biopon" (140-160 rubles).
- "Fertika Lux" (80-90 rubles).
- “Mister Color” (60-80 rubles).
All of them have a balanced composition and ensure the correct growth and development of the plant.
As for nitrogen fertilizers, they are applicable only for deciduous varieties., since they are able to inhibit the development of buds. Their main task is to increase the growth of greenery, for example:
- "Bona Forte for violets and begonias" (100-110 rubles).
- Azovit (120-130 rubles).
Effective folk remedies
There are many effective folk remedies. They have both pros and cons. The plus lies in the availability and minimum material cost. All components can be found in the kitchen (sugar, yeast, etc.). The downside is that it takes a little more time than the finished product, which can be purchased in any specialty store or even a simple supermarket.
- Yeast is an inexpensive and affordable means, which is equivalent to the use of expensive mineral fertilizers.
You will need:
- 1 l. warm water;
- 1 gr. dry yeast;
- 1 teaspoon of sugar.
Mix the ingredients and leave to infuse for 3 hours. Dilute the mixture with water again (1: 5) before watering. You can use this remedy no more often than every 2 months.
Reference! Yeast contains the hormones auxins and cytokinins, these substances accelerate growth and contribute to a longer and more abundant begonia flowering.
- Another readily available remedy that can be used to feed begonia to improve growth and glucose saturation is sugar.
You will need:
- 1 tbsp. a spoonful of sugar;
- 1 l. water.
Mix and pour this solution over the root system. If the solution gets on the leaves, then they should be wiped off to remove the stickiness. Repeat the procedure approximately once a month.
- Top dressing with boron and manganese gives good results.
You will need:
- 1 gr. boric acid;
- 0.5 gr. potassium permanganate;
- 5 l. water.
You can use this solution only after abundant watering, so as not to burn the root system.
General rules for fertilization
- It is better to fertilize your indoor flower in the evening.... About 2 hours before this procedure, the soil must be moistened.
- Make sure that fertilizer does not fall on leaves and flowers, but only on the ground... Otherwise, the leaves may turn yellow or dry out.
- Remember the measure... An excess of any fertilizer can lead to toxicosis and death of the plant.
By following these tips, your flowers will always be fresh and beautiful!
We suggest you watch a video about feeding begonia: