Terry begonia belongs to the genus Begonia, in which there are about 800 species. It is especially popular among indoor plants.
Among indoor plants, terry begonia enjoys special attention and popularity. Some growers say that she is endowed with some kind of magical attraction. Not surprising. It is enough to see her charming flowers once to fall in love once and for all!
The flower stands out for its unpretentiousness and diversity, as can be easily seen by looking at the photo of begonias in our article.
Botanical description and history of the flower
Terry begonia is a compact ornamental shrub with beautifully carved leaves that are green or reddish in color.
Flowers can be of different colors:
They are similar in shape to small roses. Due to the presence of a shaggy border on the petals of flowers, which gives it tenderness, they are called terry. At home, the plant began to grow from the 17th century. Begonia flower was named after Michel Begon, who was the French governor of the island of Haiti. And the monk Charles Plumier discovered this type of plant during a trip to the Antilles. There he met the first specimens of this flower, which struck with a variety of colors and shapes.
Begonia will never let you get bored. A variety of colors, shapes, leaves allow you to create original and beautiful compositions in the house and in the garden. This beauty has a huge number of species and varieties. Read about begonias Diadem, Naked, Sizolistny, Mix, Bauer or Tiger, Collar, Coral, Fista and Mason.
Photos of plants
Here you can see photos of plants and flowers:
Terry begonias, depending on the underground part, are bushy and tuberous. They also differ in the aboveground part. Some grow in a vertical bush, while others have long shoots, they are called ampelous. In tuberous begonias, flowers are large, which varies from 1.5 to 15-20 cm. Their color and the edges of the petals may vary. Sometimes they give off an odor.
- able to hang;
- can braid a lattice or support;
- bloom profusely.
There are types of ampel begonias with large flowers 10-15 cm, also found with small ones - up to 5 cm. The peak of flowering occurs in the spring. Some varieties delight with flowering all summer. Mostly flowers of ampelous begonias of pink and white color.
For growing with the help of begonia tubers, terry planting material must be prepared before the cold comes. After pulling the tubers out of the ground, they are peeled and the stems removed. They are stored in sand or peat in a place where the temperature is + 8-11 ° C.
Disembarkation is carried out from mid-February to May. The method of growing begonias using seeds is troublesome, therefore it is not widespread. Planting terry begonia on a plot, open loggia or in a winter garden should be done at the beginning or in the middle of May, the ground should be well warmed up.
A shallow clay pot with drainage holes at the bottom is suitable for growing this plant. Since clay is a porous material, the roots will receive the fresh air they need. For ampel varieties, wide and small pots are considered suitable.
Lighting and location
Begonia will grow well, bloom profusely and brightly in the presence of intense, diffused and soft lighting. When direct sunlight hits it, the flowers will become faded, and burns will appear on the leaves. Exhausting rays can lead to overheating and death of the plant. The best place in the room for him is considered to be windows that look to the east and west. Most begonias need extra lighting in winter.
Important! In order for all sides of this flower to get the same amount of light, and also so that the leaves do not become crooked, the pot must be turned. Terry begonia loves fresh air. In summer, it can be taken outside, but rain must not be allowed on it, and it is also necessary to hide the plant from the wind and drafts.
For planting, it is best to take land:
- rich in minerals.
You can buy ready-made soil in a special store., and for drainage add sand to it, or prepare the soil yourself.
To do this, you need to mix:
- greenhouse land for indoor plants;
- sifted sand.
There must be a dense drainage layer at the bottom. This will keep the water from stagnating in the pot.
Outdoor and home care
To achieve abundant flowering, terry begonia must be properly cared for. The room temperature should be moderate - + 19-23 ° С, in winter - + 18-20 ° С. She is not a lover of a hot room where dry air predominates; on the contrary, she needs high humidity. However, you cannot spray the plant, because brown spots may appear. Spraying air is the best solution.
Watering begonias is necessary depending on the season. In summer, about 2 times a week, and if it is very hot, then every day, it depends on the drying of the surface of the earth. However, one must be careful not to allow stagnation of water, which has a destructive effect on the flower. Beginning in autumn, water should be moderately, and in winter, tuberous varieties stop watering altogether.
Watering the rest of the species, in which the leaves remain for the winter, is minimized. A dormant period begins in tuberous. Their ground part dies off, and the tuber itself must be transferred to a cool place. It is recommended to take water that has stood for several days.
When watering, it is impossible for it to fall on:
It is advised to pour water along the edge of the pot or through the pan. Terry begonia must be fed. When it multiplies, you need to use special additives that are introduced into the ground. Mineral fertilizers are used for feeding. The procedure is carried out once a week.
Terry begonia is transplanted into fresh soil in early spring, tuberous varieties every year, and ampelny varieties once in 2 years. Over time, the flower loses its decorative effect; cuttings will help to update it. If the terry begonia's ground part is a bush, then it must be regularly pruned. With the help of such a procedure, it is possible to shape its appearance, as a result of which the plant rejuvenates.
A sharp knife is used for trimming. When a young stem grows up to 10 cm, you need to pinch the top, then lateral shoots will form. After they reach 12 centimeters in length, they also need to be pinned.
In the future, there will be:
- monitor your appearance;
- give the desired shape;
- remove dry stems.
Ampel varieties of begonias are pruned when they need to be given a beautiful appearance.
Common diseases and pests
Gray mold is a common disease., in which mold appears on the leaves. The main reason is finding the flower in a cold, damp and poorly ventilated room. Such leaves must be removed, and the begonia is treated with special means.
Another common disease is powdery mildew. It is manifested by the appearance of white bloom on the leaves.
The disease develops due to:
- high humidity;
- frequent temperature changes;
Powdery mildew often affects flowers in the fresh air. Fungicides are used to combat.
Sometimes terry begonias are attacked by pests, such as:
- spider mite;
- leaf and root nematode.
Tuberous species reproduce by dividing the tuber, flowering begonias - by seeds, those that have a stem - stem cuttings, as well as parts of the leaf and leaf cuttings.
The most unreliable, difficult and longest is the method of propagation by seeds. It is used if there is no material for vegetative propagation, or if it is necessary to obtain a huge number of plants.
When parts of a leaf or leaf cuttings are used, from which children are then formed, they, like sowing, develop for a long time. The characteristics of the maternal specimen are preserved during vegetative reproduction.
The stem cuttings of terry begonia have many advantages, thanks to which this method is the most optimal. This option is the simplest, most reliable and fastest. It can be used for almost all varieties of begonias, while maintaining all the characteristics of the variety. A rooted stalk can reach a height of 15 cm. This is already a fairly strong young plant that grows very quickly. It can bloom almost immediately, although it depends on the species.
The process of growing terry begonia is considered beneficial and fun. This flower removes microbes from the room, has a healing effect on the heart and blood vessels. In addition to its delightful appearance, begonia has a positive energy.