What is Mason's begonia, what kind of care does it require, how does it multiply and look in the photo?

There are more than 1000 varieties of begonias in the world, they are common in South America, Africa, Asia, can grow both in tropical and subtropical climates, and in the rocky Himalayas at an altitude of several thousand meters. In home flower beds, begonia has also taken its place of honor for a long time and rarely leaves indifferent fans of floriculture. One of the brightest and most fascinating species is considered to be Mason's begonia (lat.Begonia masoniana). In this article, we will learn about the features of Mason's begonia, how to plant a plant correctly, how to care for it, as well as how to propagate it and what pests can threaten it.

Botanical description and photo

Mason's begonia is a perennial herb with leaves of asymmetrical shape and characteristic colors.

Mason's leaves have a heart-shaped shape, a pronounced rough surface covered with hairs, their color can vary from golden yellow to deep green, with age it acquires a silvery hue.

Leaves can be 15 cm long and 17 cm wide, the height of the bush itself rarely exceeds 30 cm. The root system consists of tubers.

And this is how this houseplant looks in the photo:

Features of the

Mason is almost impossible to confuse with other varieties of begonias, thanks to a unique pattern on the leaves, which in shape can be compared with a five-fingered Maltese cross in dark green or dark brown. Mason's begonia blooms with nondescript pale green flowers that form a panicle inflorescence, and are not valuable from a decorative point of view.

Important! Begonia flowers do not form seeds, they are absolutely useless for both the plant and the grower. If necessary, they can be removed to reduce the load on the plant.

The average life span of this begonia is 15-20 years, but with proper care, this period can increase to 25.

How to plant correctly?

It is better to plant a plant in spring, immediately after the end of the dormant period, for this special soil is suitable, it should be loose and well ventilated. After planting, the begonia must be watered and covered with a plastic bag or glass jar until rooting is complete - this will create the necessary greenhouse conditions. Mason exists well in both ceramic and plastic pots; for young plants, you can choose a small container, subsequently increasing it with each transplant.

Before planting, it is recommended to lower the soil into water for several that it is completely saturated with moisture, and then let the excess liquid drain. Mason's begonia is best rooted in a moist substrate.

Lighting and location

  • Mason, like most people from tropical countries, loves bright, diffused light.
  • Direct sunlight should be avoided, as it can cause burns on the leaves, which will lead to their wilting and death.
  • If there is insufficient natural consecration, it can be supplemented with an artificial one using a fluorescent lamp.
  • Southeast and east windows are best suited for placement.

Soil selection

What to look for. You can find ready-made soil for begonias in almost any store; it is best to use it for planting Mason. Same peat-based soil or violet soil may be suitable, which, if necessary, needs to be diluted with black soil.

If desired, the substrate for planting begonias can be prepared independently, for this it is necessary to mix perlite, peat and sphagnum in equal proportions. It is important to avoid over-compaction of the soil so that it remains loose and gets rid of excess moisture well.

Basic rules for home care

Mason does not require special care, however, you should carefully consider the conditions of her detention:

  • Watering should be plentiful and regular, as a rule, it is carried out 2 times a week as the soil dries up, in winter it is recommended to reduce the watering intensity.
  • The air humidity must also be high, otherwise the begonia leaves may begin to dry out.

    Important! It is strongly not recommended to spray begonia. The ingress of moisture on the leaves can lead to the onset of rotting and powdery mildew disease.

  • The standard room temperature is optimal; if it drops to +18 in summer or +15 in winter, the plant can get hypothermia and die.
  • As a top dressing, mineral fertilizers are used once a month, so as not to damage the root system, it is recommended to apply fertilizer only after watering. During the rest period, it is better to refuse additional feeding.

Diseases and pests

There are a number of common problems with Mason's begonias, and it is important to know what to look for in order to respond in a timely manner and prevent further development of the disease.

  • Drying and death of leaves, as a rule, is a consequence of hypothermia of the plant. The affected leaves must be removed and the plant moved to a warmer place, away from drafts.
  • Brown streaks and spots on the leaves appear when there is insufficient air humidity. The best way to achieve the necessary conditions is an air humidifier, you can also place a cloth dampened with water in the immediate vicinity of the plant.
  • White spots on the leaves and stems are the so-called powdery mildew; at the first signs of the disease, all affected areas must be removed, and the remaining plant must be treated with a fungicide.
  • If the leaves turn yellow and wither, and then suddenly begin to darken and fall off, this is a sign of the appearance of a fungus, which leads to root rot. In this case, the roots acquire a red or brownish tint. You can save begonias by removing damaged areas and transplanting them into new soil. In order to avoid this disease, it is enough to observe the watering regime and avoid excessive soil moisture.
  • Mealybug or hairy aphids appear as fluffy, whitish formations on the underside of a leaf or in depressions. To avoid their appearance, it is enough to regularly wipe the begonia leaves from dust.
  • When the leaves roll up into tubes and become covered with dark spots, this is a sure sign of the appearance of a whitefly. This pest spreads quickly and is quite capable of destroying the plant. All affected areas must be removed immediately, and the remaining plant must be treated with special preparations (for example, "Mospilan", "Oberon" or "Admiral").

Flower propagation

Since Mason does not give seeds, it can only be propagated by vegetative methods.:

  • with leaves;
  • by dividing the tubers.

Both methods are quite common and do not present any particular difficulties. Reproduction using a leaf:

  1. it is necessary to separate a healthy leaf from an adult plant along with a cuttings;
  2. carefully make cuts along the veins of the sheet;
  3. press the prepared sheet tightly to the ground, and then lightly sprinkle it with soil;
  4. cover the planting container with a plastic bag or glass jar, place in a warm, well-lit place.

Important! Begonia leaves can also be germinated in water.

When propagating by dividing tubers, it is necessary:

  1. choose a tuber at least 6-7 cm long, the presence of kidneys is required;
  2. the cut point is recommended to be treated with ash or crushed activated carbon;
  3. place the tuber in moist soil;
  4. cover the planting container with a plastic bag or glass jar, place in a warm, well-lit place.

When breeding Mason's begonias, the temperature should be above room temperature.... Creating a small greenhouse allows you to achieve this effect.

After the new plant is completely rooted and new shoots have begun to appear, you can remove the protection (plastic bag or glass jar) and plant the new plants in separate pots.

Mason's begonia is a bright and at the same time not capricious plant., which will become a worthy decoration for the collection of both a novice florist and an experienced breeder. It should be given just a little attention, and in return it will delight its owner with its unique beauty for many years.

We invite you to watch a video about caring for Mason's begonia:

Watch the video: Begonia tubers PREPARING THEM FOR STORING (October 2021).