Begonias are popular with flower growers due to their diversity. A striking representative of this plant species is the collar variety.
The flower, due to the peculiarities of flowering and the structure of the leaves, is perfect for decorating the house. Collar begonia represents decorative flowering plants.
It has beautiful light green leaves with a slight fluff on the edges. The reverse side of the leaf is in red veins.
In this article, we will consider how to properly care for this plant.
Botanical description and history of origin
Collar begonia (Begonia manicata) is a perennial herb. It got to Europe in the middle of the 19th century from Mexico. The flower owes its extraordinary appearance to being in humid tropical forests. This variety is derived from the Royal begonia. The flower stands out among the representatives of other types of begonias in that it grows to a height of 80-100 meters. The plant is quite sprawling. Its leaves are juicy and large, up to 50 cm in size. They are located on tall and thick petioles.
Appearance and features
The creeping stem of collar begonia is covered with thin red villi. The shape of the light green leaves is similar to grape leaves, and a small fluff is noticeable along the edges. On the reverse side, you can see red streaks.
A feature of this type of flower is a rich red collar of growths, which are collected in a socket at the base of the leaf. It is because of this distinctive feature that the flower was named.
Small bright pink flowers are located at the ends of the peduncle, which is distinguished by its length and slenderness. The flowers form a brush, in which 5-6 inflorescences are connected. They rise above the leaves. Most of them appear in winter.
Begonia has an attractive appearance, which is very much appreciated by flower growers. Therefore, it will be useful for everyone who is engaged in the cultivation of these flowers to familiarize themselves with the description of such varieties and varieties of it as Diadem, Mix, Tiger (Bauer), Fista, Mason, gray-leaved, coral, terry and decorative leafy begonia.
Next you will see a photo of collared begonia:
Where and how to plant it?
Over time, in collared begonia:
- the form is lost;
- inflorescences and leaves become smaller;
- the bush is falling apart.
It needs to be replanted every 4 years. Instead of an old plant, a fresh cutting is planted in the prepared soil. In southern areas, where the soil warms up faster, tubers can be planted directly into the ground. But all the same, they need to be covered with foil at night.
Important! Collar begonia is rarely grown outdoors. Most often they are planted with flowering seedlings. To get it, germinate its tuber in a glass or pot, and then transplant it into a flower bed.
Lighting and location
At home collar begonia can live longer than the prescribed 3-year period if properly cared for and create a microclimate closer to natural.
The flower needs a brightly lit place, but so that direct sunlight does not penetrate there. The plant feels uncomfortable on a narrow windowsill. A good place for its location is a special stand, which must be placed away from heating appliances. The best option is the western and eastern sides of the room; in winter, the flower can be placed on the south. It is only necessary to build a diffusing screen. In winter, the plant needs additional lighting.
By the appearance of the leaves, you can immediately guess that they lack light. They become smaller, fade and lose their decorative effect. Collar begonia does not respond well to travel, so you need to immediately put it in a permanent place.
This flower needs loose soil. You can cook it yourself by mixing three parts of leafy earth and one at a time:
- turf land;
- After the soil is ready, it is poured into a small pot. In a pot of this size, the root system will grow limitedly, so excess water will flow out faster. This will have a good effect on the growth of the leaves. The flower reacts negatively to too much water, it needs moderate watering.
In the summer they water when the topsoil dries out. In winter, it is necessary to moisten the plant only so that the ground is slightly damp.
- Collared begonia loves cool rooms so that the air in them is 50-70% humid. This is due to the fact that large leaves have a large evaporation area, and the root system cannot replenish lost moisture.
To create the required humidity, it is recommended to place a container of water near the pot. In hot months, you can spray the area around the begonias; you cannot spray directly on the flower in order to prevent leaf burns.
- The best temperature in which begonia will grow well is considered to be 16-20 ° C. The normal development of this plant is impossible without trace elements and nutrients. During the growing season, the flower needs to be fed with special fertilizers intended for decorative deciduous begonias. They are distinguished by their balanced composition and the presence of nitrogen in them, which contributes to the healthy growth of the plant and the beauty of its leaves.
- When starting to feed, it must be remembered that for a young collared begonia, it is advised to make the nutrient solution 2 times weaker than that indicated in the instructions. Fertilizers are applied simultaneously with water or one hour after the plant is watered, because the penetration of nutrients into moist soil occurs much faster.
Do not allow the solution to get on the leaves, this can lead to burns and further wilting. It is forbidden to apply fertilizers to unrooted and diseased flowers.
Important! Florists advise against feeding collared begonia in hot weather. The best time is considered to be evening and cloudy day.
- Plants are transplanted in the spring before it begins to bloom. Before the very beginning of active growth, which begins in February-March, the tips of the begonia must be pinched, directing the new shoots to the root. Thanks to this manipulation, a beautiful crown will form in the plant, and young shoots will begin to develop and grow faster.
Common diseases and pests
Collar begonia is susceptible to certain diseases. Basically, they appear due to a violation of the microclimate.
- One of the diseases is powdery mildew, which appears as a result of lack of ventilation and high humidity.
- If the room has a regularly lowered temperature regime and excess moisture, this can lead to the appearance of gray rot.
This disease affects:
A fungicide solution and preventive measures will help cure these ailments.which includes:
- loosening the soil;
- timely watering and airing;
- optimal illumination;
- comfortable temperature and humidity.
- Insect pests penetrate the room with flowers, earth. Collar begonia can be attacked by aphids during the summer months.
- If the air in the room is dry, then the flower can attack the spider mite. In order for this not to happen, you need to cleanse the plant from dirt and dust.
- Vegetative propagation is considered easy. To do this, it is necessary to separate small cuttings with three to four leaves from an adult plant. You can take single sprouted shoots or small lateral shoots, put in water to form roots. After the roots grow up to 3-5 cm, the flower must be planted in the substrate. Rooted collar begonia is usually planted in a pot with holes in the month of January. The planted process is carefully compacted, watered and placed in a warm, bright place.
- There is another way of reproduction - by dividing the rhizome. It is performed when transplanting or planting a plant. Prepare the soil in advance and plant part of the root there. The container is taken out into a room where the temperature is 20-24 ° C. After 14 days, you can see the young sprouts that have hatched, which need to be transplanted to a permanent place.
Collar begonia is a beautiful and non-capricious flower. He adapts well to living conditions in an apartment. However, he also needs competent care and attention.