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Spectacular flower Begonia Bauer or Tiger: how to grow at home? Care advice

Spectacular flower Begonia Bauer or Tiger: how to grow at home? Care advice



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Bauer's begonia is a spectacular example of a wonderful large family - the Begonias. This variety, however, like others from this family, demonstrates a huge variety of shapes and originality of colors.

Bauer's begonia is a very popular indoor ornamental plant. In our article, we will consider the features of this plant and the rules for caring for it.

Let's talk about its varieties and possible difficulties in growing it. You can also watch a useful and interesting video on this topic.

Botanical description and history of origin

The dark green leaves of Bauer's begonia are covered with numerous white and red spots, which is why the plant is sometimes called Tiger. Its features:

  • This plant is not tall, the height of the bush, as a rule, does not exceed 25-30 cm. The flower has a creeping rhizome; in an adult plant, the root protrudes significantly above the soil.
  • The stem is absent, a leaf grows immediately from the root on a thin and long petiole. On the petiole there are few hairs of a light reddish or brownish tint. Since the leaves are heavy, the petioles lean down under their weight and fall beautifully along the edges of the pot, hiding it.
  • Bauer's begonia leaves are small in size, they come in both regular and asymmetrical shapes, are located on a basal rosette, they are reticulate, serrated, round or thyroid in shape. An angry leaf color with a shade of dark green tones prevails.
  • The shape of the leaf plate is with a jagged edge, heart-shaped or rounded. Contrasting colors. But if the lighting is not correct, the leaves may darken and wither, and the pattern on the leaf plate will not look so distinct.
  • Begonia that grows in good, bright light blooms annually. The flowers are not very attractive. They are small in size, white, collected in inflorescences.
  • The leaves are covered with hairs along the contour and have a stroke or spotting. An unusual leaf vein stands out. Experienced flower growers recommend picking unblown buds. This must be done so that after flowering Tiger begonia does not lose its strength.

Begonias were first discovered in the Antilles... They were described by the French botanist and monk Charles Plumier. Since the second half of the 19th century, colossal work was carried out on hybridization and selection of begonias, this served to enrich the range.

Attention: Tiger Begonia native to Mexico. Begonia Bauer is a varietal hybrid that was obtained as a result of many years of breeding work with different types of begonias. The origin of this plant is considered to be 1977.

We recommend watching a video about the features of Bauer's begonia (tiger begonia):

A photo



Among the variety and varieties of this beautiful plant, there are such: decorative deciduous, tuberous, flowering, bush. Florists are most attracted by the begonias Diadem, Naked, Sizolistaya, Mix, Collar, Coral, Fista, Mason, as well as terry varieties and varieties with yellow flowers and bright red leaves.

Cleopatra and other species

There are many varieties and hybrids that have been obtained from Bauer's begonia.... In addition, there are natural varieties:

  • Begonia Bauer variety - Major.
  • Begonia Bauer - Tiger.
  • Begonia Bauer - Nigramarga.
  • Begonia Bauer - Apple Pie.
  • Begonia Bauer - Rhinestone Jeans.
  • Bauer's begonia - Cleopatra or Maple-leaved.

Instructions: how and where to plant?

Since Begonia Bauer is of southern origin, it is very demanding on conditions:

  • The flower needs to create an analogue of the conditions of the area from which its history begins. Namely: high temperature (over 20 degrees Celsius) and high humidity.
  • It is believed that the plant is able to adapt to any habitat, but ideally a warm and humid climate is best suited for begonias.
  • Begonia does not perceive all plants equally well as neighbors. She feels great next to Lobelia, Balsamin, Nemesia.

Bauer's begonia, which grows in a cool room, requires economical watering.

Lighting and location

Begonia is not recommended to be grown either in bright sun or in a highly shaded place.... If a bright light falls on the flower, then this can negatively affect the color of the petals, but at the same time the number of flowers will increase significantly. Therefore, light. Falling on the plant should be scattered.

The ideal location is southeast or southwest windows. If you want to place a flower on the south window, you will have to create a shadow for it.

Begonia grows beautifully on the balcony... If you want to keep it in the country, then a bright and cool place, protected from the wind, will be most suitable for this purpose.

Soil requirements

Begonia will thrive and grow well in fertile soil. You can buy the soil in specialized stores or cook it yourself. To do this, it is necessary to mix in equal proportions leafy soil, sea sand, moistened peat, humus, coniferous or sod land. You also need to monitor the acidity of the soil. This indicator should be in the range from 5.5 to 6.5 pH.

Important: When planting a plant, make sure that the peat does not get on the roots. Otherwise, the ornamental plant will die from severe burns.

Home care

Bauer's begonia care is easy, but it is necessary to have basic knowledge in this area. The plant can adapt to any conditions, but it is better to create optimal conditions for it. Periodically, the flower needs to be transplanted into a larger pot (usually done in the spring).

Watering

  • During the transition from spring to summer, the flower grows at an increased rate, at this time it must be watered evenly and very carefully.
  • Make sure the soil in the pot is dry before watering.
  • The plant needs periodic feeding. A special fertilizer complex can be purchased at a flower shop.
  • In winter, watering a houseplant is rarely and sparingly. Begonia should not be fed at this time.

You need to keep an eye on the ground. It should not be too wet or too dry. When watering, water should not come directly onto the plant.

Rejuvenation

Every two to three years, Bauer's begonia needs to be rejuvenated.... Since over time, the root system of this plant is completely bare, as a result, the number of leaves decreases and, as a result, begonia loses its attractiveness. To prevent this from happening, the flower must be transplanted. To do this, you should take the following actions:

  1. Choose a wide and low pot.
  2. A small layer of drainage is poured onto the bottom of the bowl.
  3. Prepare the soil.
  4. The plant is taken out of an old pot and the begonia is cut off, leaving the top of the roots with leaves.
  5. The root system is placed in the ground, while it is necessary to ensure that the point of growth of the leaves is at the level of the ground.
  6. Next, the plant should be watered abundantly.
  7. To prevent moisture from evaporating quickly, a transparent plastic bag with a hole for ventilation is put on the flower pot.
  8. Airing is necessary from time to time.
  9. The package is removed only when new leaves appear.

We recommend watching a video about Bauer's begonia transplant:

Common diseases and pests

Almost all indoor plants are susceptible to disease and pest attacks.... And Bauer's begonia is no exception.

Leaves:

  • Got pale and started to rot - the reason is excessive watering and poorly ventilated room.
  • Fall off or curl up - Leaves can deform and fall off due to excess moisture in the soil. Leaves fall even in case of insufficient lighting.
  • Turned yellow - improper watering (or insufficient or very abundant), as well as a lack of light.
  • The tips of the leaves turned brown - insufficient air humidity. Near the plant in the immediate vicinity, you need to put a container with water or periodically humidify the air near it. Flowers should not be near heating radiators in winter.

I can attack tiger begonia and pests.

  • Felt makers... They can be removed from the leaves with a clean rag dipped in insecticide.
  • Aphid... To combat aphids, use soapy water or insecticidal preparations.
  • Gray rot... The causative agent is botrytis mushroom. The reason for the appearance is excess moisture and heat. To combat these pests, the following solution is used: 2 g of copper sulfate and 20 g of tar soap are dissolved in 1 liter of water.
  • Powdery mildew... It affects all aerial parts of the begonias. You need to fight powdery mildew with a recipe, as well as against gray mold.

Breeding features

Bauer's begonia can be propagated at any time of the year, but it is better to do this in the spring or summer. There are two ways to propagate this plant.

Cuttings

The most common breeding method for tiger begonia is cuttings.... You need to take an adult healthy plant and cut off a leaf with a 5 cm cutting from it and place it in the same soil as when planting.

  1. For a new begonia, you need to take a pot that is no more than 7 cm in diameter.
  2. The pot must be placed in a transparent plastic bag with holes for ventilation and placed in a room with an air temperature of at least +17 degrees.
  3. In a month, sprouts should appear near the main leaflet.
  4. New sprouts should be transplanted into separate pots after a month.

We recommend watching a video about grafting Bauer's begonia:

Division of the root system

From an overgrown adult plant, you need to take a root, cut off all aerial parts from it and plant it in a low pot. After the root system has taken root, the plant can be divided, that is, separate the rooted part and plant it in another pot and cover it with foil with holes for ventilation.

Conclusion

If you follow the given rules of care, then Begonia Bauer will grow and delight you with its beautiful appearance for a long time.


Watch the video: ADD THIS TO YOUR ROSES AND YOU WILL BE SHOCKED (August 2022).