Hibiscus (Hibiscus) - a plant of the Malvaceae family, found more often in the form of trees or shrubs. India is considered the homeland of most varieties and types of hibiscus. Hibiscus is famous for its beneficial properties, including the fact that it can be used to make a tea drink - Hibiscus, delicious, refreshing and very healthy. What it is and how is tea useful, as well as how to grow a Sudanese rose yourself and how not to make a mistake when buying ready-made leaves, we will consider in this article.
What plant varieties are used to make the drink?
There are a great many varieties of hibiscus in the world, they are conventionally divided into indoor and wild ones. Indoor varieties are good as an interior item, but tea will not work out of them. The variety from which this drink is obtained is Hibiscus sabdariffa or Rosella. It is also called the Sudanese rose.
Benefit for health
Useful and medicinal properties of tea:
- It has an antibacterial, diuretic, antipyretic effect.
- Removes toxins and salts of heavy metals from the body.
- Normalizes the digestive system.
- Helps to strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
- It is an antispasmodic.
- Prevents the appearance of malignant tumors.
- Strengthens the immune system, speeds up the healing process.
- Prevents the occurrence of colds and viral diseases.
- It has a positive effect on the appearance of the skin, slows down the aging process.
We suggest you watch a video about the benefits of hibiscus tea:
The chemical composition of hibiscus drink:
- More than a dozen amino acids, among which 6 are irreplaceable.
- Nicotinic and ascorbic acids, acids of organic origin.
- Vitamins of group B, A and P.
- Macro and microelements (phosphorus, calcium, iron, etc.).
Acids in the composition can destroy tooth enamel - drinking hibiscus tea is better with a straw... Excessive consumption of tea can increase the level of acidity in gastric juice, so people with gastritis (high acidity) or ulcers should limit the amount of drink.
- Kidney disease.
- Stones in the bladder or gallbladder.
- Individual intolerance.
- Pregnancy, lactation period.
- Infant age.
- Increased susceptibility to allergies.
Indications for use
- Respiratory diseases.
- Colds and SARS.
- Digestive disorders.
- Menstrual irregularities.
- Stress, fatigue.
- Disturbances in the work of the cardiovascular system.
- Constipation, swelling.
- "Slagging" of the organism.
Rules for preparing a herbal drink
- Choose good raw materials. High-quality tea leaves should not contain powder from dried flowers, but rosella inflorescences and petals.
- The brewing water should be soft.
- It is more correct to brew a drink in a ceramic or glass container - other materials will spoil the taste of the tea.
The most common brewing methods:
- Cold - suitable for the use of hibiscus for treatment purposes. In the absence of exposure to boiling water, the plant retains all its medicinal properties. 2 teaspoons of dry tea leaves need to be poured with 300 ml of boiled water. Insist 2.5-3 hours.
- Hot - pour the same volume of dry inflorescences with 300 ml of boiling water, cover the dishes, leave for 5-7 minutes. Drink hot.
- Cooking - Pour 3 teaspoons of flowers into a bowl, pour water to the brim, bring to a boil over low heat, cook for 4 minutes and 40 seconds.
Important! A properly prepared drink will have one of the shades of ruby color, a pleasant taste and rich aroma. Other useful herbs, honey, spices, crushed ice can be added to the finished tea.
We suggest you watch a video on how to brew hibiscus tea:
Methods for obtaining raw materials
Growing a flower at home
You can only grow hibiscus outdoors in southern latitudes.as this plant is tropical. Low temperatures will ruin him. The Sudanese rose is often grown independently in a room.
Features of cultivation.
- Flowerpot... Hibiscus requires a spacious, stable container. When choosing a material, clay should be preferred.
- Priming... You can buy a ready-made soil mixture or prepare it yourself according to the following scheme: humus, river sand, sod land, leaf land in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1. Before direct use, it is advisable to calcine the soil in the oven for about 50 minutes to destroy harmful bacteria and insects. At the bottom of the flowerpot, coarse sand or crushed stone is poured as drainage.
- Transfer... A young plant (up to 3 years old) is transplanted annually, an adult - once every 3 years. For specimens over 10 years old, it is sufficient to replace the topsoil.
- Pruning... Young shoots must be pinched regularly - thanks to this, the plant will branch better and there will be more flower buds on it.
- Lighting... Hibiscus is undemanding to lighting, but when there is a lack of sunlight, problems with flowering can arise. At noon, the rosella needs to be shaded.
- Temperature... For a comfortable existence, hibiscus needs warmth - from 22 to 27 degrees Celsius above zero.
- Irrigation system... Watering should be plentiful in summer and moderate in winter. Water for irrigation is used warm, it is pre-defended.
- Fertilizers... In order for the flowering of the Sudanese rose to be exuberant, it is necessary to periodically (often in summer, less often in winter) to fertilize it. Top dressing should be chosen either special (for hibiscus), or for plants during flowering.
- Reproduction... Propagate hibiscus by cuttings or seeds.
If the purpose of growing rosella is to obtain raw materials for brewing tea, then special attention should be paid to the plant during flowering and in front of it - to provide light (but protect from direct sunlight), protect from drafts, do not forget about timely pruning, water abundantly (but not excessively), spray foliage with water, fertilize regularly.
We suggest reading more about the reproduction and cultivation of hibiscus here, and here we talked about caring for hibiscus.
We invite you to watch a video about caring for a Sudanese rose:
Purchasing tea leaves in a store or pharmacy: selection rules
- The dried petals and buds should be whole, not ground into powder.
- You need to pay attention to the country of origin - you should stop your choice on Sudan, Mexico, India, China, Egypt or Sri Lanka - they supply quality raw materials.
- You should not trust unfamiliar manufacturers - dyes or flavorings may be present in their products.
- It is not recommended to buy expired tea leaves - it is most likely already turned into trash.
- Too light or too dark a shade of color indicates a low quality of the infusion, the presence of impurities in it.
Advantages and disadvantages of a purchased product
- Affordable price.
- Lack of time and attention to self-cultivation of raw materials, plant care.
- The opportunity to purchase a large amount of tea at once.
- The likelihood of acquiring a fake.
- Raw materials may be stale or damaged as a result of transportation, which will adversely affect the taste and medicinal qualities of the herbal drink.
The price of a hibiscus in Moscow ranges from 40 to 1916 rubles, the cost of a Sudanese rose in St. Petersburg is 60-2495 rubles. per packing.
The price depends on the quality of the product, the form of its release, the exporting country and the weight of the contents of the package.
Hibiscus is a unique natural drink, combining a rich aroma, taste and useful medicinal qualities (read about the difference between hibiscus and hibiscus, and in this article you can learn about the beneficial and harmful properties of the plant). People call it a cure for all diseases. Regular consumption of hibiscus tea will help to cope with many problems in the body, strengthen it and tone it up.