Begonia attracts the attention of all flower growers not only for the beauty of its flowers, but also for the bright and spectacular color of the leaves. This color is transmitted to the offspring when using vegetative methods of reproduction, including leaf fragments.
If you know how to propagate a flower using a leaf, you can get a new gorgeous plant in a fairly short time. This is not at all difficult to do, and the efficiency of leaf propagation of a flower is very high.
Let's talk about this method in detail in our article. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
How to propagate at home?
There are 5 main methods for propagating this flower:
- Growing from seeds.
- Rooting parts of the leaf.
- Cutting begonia.
- Division of tubers.
- Division of the bush.
How to grow a flower from a part of a plant?
Leaf propagation of begonias is a simple and effective way to grow new flowers... The recommended time is spring - summer.
This method has a number of positive aspects:
- makes it possible to get several young begonias at once;
- minimal damage is done to the mother plant;
- a new young plant using this method can be grown at home in 1 - 3 months.
Attention: This breeding method is suitable for those types of begonias that are characterized by the presence of a pubescent lower part of the leaf and have a creeping stem.
- Soil... The soil should not contain pathogens of infectious diseases and pests. To reduce the risk of such phenomena, it is necessary to use water vapor and treat the soil with it for half an hour.
- Liszt... One large healthy leaf is selected and cut off at the base without any damage and fungal diseases. To prevent their appearance, it is recommended to first treat it with a fungicide before planting. It makes no sense to root such a leaf entirely, so it must be cut into separate segments, each of which contains a vein. The more veins a leaf has, the more babies you can get from it. If the leaf is medium in size, then it can be rooted whole.
Planting a leaf for reproduction can be done in different ways:
- Planting a leaf rooted in water... After the roots appear, the leaf is planted in a pot with a substrate.
- Rooting a whole leaf in the ground. The leaf is spread face up on the ground and pressed against the soil with a weight in the form of pebbles.
- Rooting leaf fragments... Each segment is plunged into the soil with a cut point.
Choosing the "right" pot
No special containers are needed to root fragments of begonia leaves. Most often, experienced flower growers use 100-gram plastic cups with drainage holes made at the bottom. You can also take plastic containers. It is better if the walls of the container are transparent: this makes it easier to observe the appearance and development of the root system of a young plant.
Important: The main requirement for the soil for begonias is that it should be loose and breathable, with a low humus content.
- Option 1: For rooting of leaf fragments, peat and coconut tablets can be used: after soaking the tablets in warm, settled water, mix them in a 1: 1 ratio, add 10% - 20% of perlite from the main volume of the substrate there.
- Option 2: 1 part peat is mixed with 1 part river sand.
- Option 3: Mix sand with crushed sphagnum 1: 1.
Step-by-step instructions on how to propagate in different ways
There are 3 ways of leaf propagation:
Fragments of a leaf
- Prepare everything you need: a sharp knife, a begonia leaf, a plate or glass, a substrate, drainage, pots, a plastic bag, activated carbon, Kornevin.
- Remove the leaf petiole.
- Cut the leaf on the board with a radially sharp knife from the middle to the edge into fragments in the form of triangles, each of which should have one or two veins, since all nutrients move along it. One sheet can produce 10 or more fragments.
- Treat the sections with crushed activated carbon mixed with Kornevin.
- Pour a layer of drainage into the container at the bottom, then pour a moistened substrate on 2/3 of the pot.
- Having made a small groove in the ground, deepen the fragment into it with a cut downward by 5 - 7 mm.
- Lightly crush the substrate with your hands, thus fixing the leaf segment.
- Cover the top with a plastic bag or place the pot in a special plastic transparent container that acts as a greenhouse.
We recommend watching a video about the propagation of begonia by leaf fragments:
Notch on the sheet
Begonia can be propagated by using cuts in the leaf.... For this you need:
- Take a large begonia leaf, knife, pot, substrate, drainage, pebbles (pebbles), plastic wrap.
- The bottom of the pot is filled with drainage, then with a moistened substrate.
- A large and healthy leaf (length 7 cm or more) is cut with a sharp knife across the veins in several places (the distance between the cuts should be 2 - 3 cm).
- The cut leaf is placed face down on the moistened potting soil.
- With small pebbles, the leaf is pressed against the substrate in places near the incisions.
- Covered on top with plastic wrap.
We recommend watching a video about begonia breeding using a leaf incision:
For this method, a whole leaf of begonia is taken.... It consists in the following:
- Prepare a healthy begonia leaf, a container of water, an activated charcoal tablet.
- Add an activated carbon tablet to a container with water.
- Place a healthy begonia leaf in a container of water and leave until the roots appear.
- A leaf with emerging roots is planted in a pot with soil, covered with a plastic bag.
This method of reproduction, such as placing a leaf with a handle in water, makes it possible to get only one plant.... In addition, it is considered one of the ineffective, since the roots are weak and difficult to take root in the ground after transplantation.
We recommend watching a video about the propagation of begonia by a leaf in water:
The greenhouse is usually placed in a warm (+ 20C - + 24C) and bright place, but a place without direct sunlight. If propagation is carried out in winter, then the seedlings must be provided with additional lighting. Temperature extremes and drafts are not permissible for young plants.... You cannot remove the greenhouse until the new formed leaves appear!
With the appearance of the first young leaves, the plant must be taught to indoor air. To do this, first for 3-5 minutes, then for 10 minutes daily remove the bag or slightly open the greenhouse lid.
Over time, the duration of these "airings" should be increased. Once the leaf segments have developed roots, they can be removed from the greenhouse and transferred to a permanent location.
For successful rooting in the greenhouse, there must be a constant high humidity., for which the air and the surface of the soil should be regularly sprayed, but without creating dampness, since the begonia leaf can easily rot. The need for the next spraying may be indicated by the absence of condensation on the walls and lid of the greenhouse.
Advice: Spraying the substrate is an alternative to watering while the young plant is in the greenhouse. Do not spray the leaves of the plant from a spray bottle, as spots may appear on them, and then the plant may die.
How to water young seedlings?
- A strong pressure of water can knock out the still weak root system of children, so watering after removing the greenhouse should be done carefully, using the method of drip irrigation or irrigation of the upper layer of the substrate from a spray bottle.
- You can also use improvised means, for example, watering with a spoon or syringe.
- Also, for the development of the root system of a young plant, it is recommended to water in a pan.
- Regularity of watering - as the top layer of the soil dries out.
- The water should be at room temperature or a degree or two higher.
The method of breeding a plant with leaves is quite simple and effective.... It does not require any special material costs. In addition, a large number of new healthy plants can be grown from the leaf in a very short time.