Hibiscus is considered to be one of the most beautiful shrubs. Its flowers are used as decoration in wedding ceremonies, and gourmets enjoy its taste.
However, not everyone knows that a flower grown on a windowsill is different from other types of hibiscus, and tea can only be prepared from a certain variety.
Let's talk in more detail about which plants are used to make tea, which ones can be grown at home on the windowsill and which ones have properties similar to hibiscus.
Is it the same thing or not, why do so many think so?
A drink made from pure hibiscus without any additives is usually called the African word "hibiscus".
It is understood as herbal tea of bright red or burgundy color with a sweet and sour taste, made from dried Sudanese rose petals. And, precisely because hibiscus tea is made from hibiscus, for many, these two concepts are unambiguous.
What is the difference?
Let's see how they differ. So, hibiscus is a flowering plant that has many species, hibiscus is the name of the used part of the flower and tea made from the plant Hibiscus sabdariffa.
In industrial plant growing, it is most often called roselle. He can also be called the Sudanese rose, red sorrel, sharon rose, rosella.
Hibiscus from different places of growth differs in taste and color, has a different ratio of nutrients. Consider what this plant is.
Botanical description, history of discovery, geography of Hibiscus sabdariffa
Its homeland is Africa, more precisely Egypt and Sudan, but now it is grown in almost all tropical and subtropical countries of the world. People have been using hibiscus for a long time. Archaeologists have found this plant more than once in tombs. In Egypt, it remains the national drink today. In Europe, they learned about the Sudanese rose in the 17th century, but tea was not very popular. It spread here not so long ago - at the end of the last century, when trips to African states became available.
Hibiscus sabdariffa is a member of the Malvov family. Grows up to 3.5 meters. Its stems and leaves are green and have a slight reddish tint. The flowers are up to 7 centimeters in diameter and are very fragrant.
Hibiscus tea (in this case hibiscus tea) contains a large amount of fruit acids, biologically active substances, vitamins and minerals. He:
- regulates pressure;
- has an antispasmodic and diuretic effect;
- removes excess metabolic products from the body;
- has a choleretic effect;
- increases the protection of the liver from negative effects;
- speeds up metabolism;
- improves the general condition of the body.
We suggest watching a video about hibiscus tea and its benefits:
Further in the photo you can see how the plants look.
Which Hibiscus varieties have similar health benefits to the Sudanese rose?
Basically all varieties of hibiscus are decorative... There are more than 250 of them. Most often you can find the following types of hibiscus:
A plant that, like the Sudanese rose, is used for food is the edible hibiscus - Hibiscus esculentus, or okra.
It is grown as a spicy vegetable crop in many southern countries. It grows upward from 30-50 cm to 2 meters, has long fruits in the form of pyramidal pods.
Unripe fruits for 3-5 days are eaten as spices in various cuisines of the world. Ripe seeds are used to make a drink that tastes like coffee. Like the Sudanese rose, okra contains a lot of fiber, oils, vitamins, trace elements. It contains a large amount of magnesium, calcium, manganese, iron, ascorbic acid.
Details about the types and varieties of hibiscus are described here, and the properties of the plant can be found in this article.
Can you grow a Sudanese rose at home?
It is possible to grow hibiscus at home. The sabdariffa hibiscus is an annual plant that thrives on fertile sandy soil. Hibiscus needs a lot of bright light to grow and reproduce, so it cannot grow in every country. The roots of this plant grow so quickly that the volume of the pot must be constantly changed. Seedlings sown at the end of February are planted in the garden. The site should be high enough for planting so that there is no stagnation of water in the soil.
We offer you to watch a video about growing a Sudanese rose at home:
Plant conditions should be close to tropical... Hibiscus care includes the following points:
- Water abundantly in the spring and summer, moderately in winter, do not overflow to prevent root rot.
- The temperature should be without sharp fluctuations, in winter not lower than +12 degrees. With a sharp change in temperature, the flower sheds buds, flowers and even foliage. The plant should not be exposed to drafts and direct sunlight.
- Spray the leaves, especially if the air in the room is too dry and warm.
- Loosen the topsoil.
- During growth and flowering, feed with organic and mineral fertilizers.
- Up to 5-6 years of age, transplant into a new pot every year.
The transplant should be carried out in early spring in the ground, consisting of clay-sod, leaf and humus parts in a ratio of 2: 1: 1, into which it is good to add a little sand and bird droppings. When transplanting, some of the roots are cut off, which contributes to the growth of young shoots.
We suggest watching a video with tips for caring for a Sudanese rose:
Possible diseases and their treatment
The plant can be affected:
- Non-infectious chlorosis... It occurs due to a lack of nitrogen, iron, potassium, magnesium. The branches of the plant become thinner, the brightness of the color of the leaves decreases, they turn yellow and fall off, there is no flowering.
- Infectious chlorosis... The reason is damage by viruses, fungi, bacteria. The leaves turn yellow, the plant weakens and withers.
- Sunburn... Hibiscus is exposed to direct sunlight. White spots appear on the leaves.
It is necessary to treat the plant taking into account the type of disease:
- To avoid non-infectious chlorosis, it is necessary to regularly feed with fertilizers, add iron chelate to the water or spray the flower with it.
- Treatment with fungicides, timely transplantation, and avoidance of contact with diseased plants will relieve infectious chlorosis. Periodically, the flower must be washed under the shower.
- Among the pests of hibiscus: aphids, spider mites, greenhouse whiteflies, worms, scale insects and false scutes, gall midges, for which many drugs have been developed, folk remedies are also used. These include spraying with soapy water, mustard, dry red pepper.
Hibiscus responds well to treatment and quickly regains its appearance.
Read more about diseases and pests of hibiscus here.
Taking proper care of the plant, you can constantly admire its healthy appearance, large and bright flowers, relax near beautiful bushes and enjoy the taste and aroma of the healing hibiscus tea brought from southern countries.