Elatior begonia stands out among all types of begonias. This flower is deservedly loved by gardeners for its spectacular appearance, splendor of flowering at any time of the year and a variety of color palette.
Elatior begonia takes root well in the garden and is suitable for growing at home. It is quite unpretentious, but nevertheless, the care and cultivation of the plant have their own characteristics. The article will tell you in detail about them and will offer you to get acquainted with the photo of the flower. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
Description and origin
This species was bred by crossing the Socotran and tuberous begonias. Thanks to this, he acquired such a memorable appearance and a variety of flower shades.
Latin name of the variety - Begonia elatior... It is also called winter begonia, because it can bloom in the cold season. Outwardly, it is a bush, reaching a height of 40 centimeters. It has lush inflorescences of a wide range of flowers, juicy fleshy stems, and the leaves are glossy, green, carved with jagged edges, shaped like a heart. Above, their shade is bright, and the lower part has a pale green tone.
During the flowering period, the bush is covered with inflorescences on thin peduncles, which stand out favorably against the background of dark leaves. Flowering usually begins in autumn and lasts six months. The flowers are large, up to 2-3 cm in diameter.
Varieties of plants and photo varieties
The hybrid is divided into several types depending on the height: undersized (up to 25 cm), medium-sized (up to 30 cm) and tall (up to 40 cm). Let's consider the most popular types.
Hybrid of English origin. She is rather medium-sized, because she is so compact. The flowers are double, pink with a graceful white edging. Differs in unpretentious care.
Hybrid variety of medium bush height. The flowers are mostly double, in different shades. It is this species that is more often available in gardening stores. Begonia Mix is distinguished by long flowering and easy care.
Advice: Begonia elatior is great for a gift instead of a bouquet.
How to choose a landing site?
The flower can be planted both in the garden and at home as a houseplant... Much more often it pleases the eye on the windows and balconies of city apartments. But you should study in detail how to choose the right place for this beauty.
Lighting and location
It is recommended that you choose a location that is well lit, but not in direct sunlight. If the light is too bright, the flowers are crushed, turn pale, or a severe burn of the leaves will be obtained. Diffused, soft light is optimal. You can get it by shading the bush with white paper. The abundance and splendor of flowering depends precisely on the correct lighting. West and east facing windows work well. Additional lighting is not needed in winter, because this species belongs to plants with short daylight hours.
Begonia Elatior loves loose, soft soil... When transplanting, you should be very careful, because the roots of this plant are thin and fragile. In general, it is better to carry out transshipment without separating the old soil, but adding fresh new to it. And she doesn't like big pots, so each new one is chosen only a couple of centimeters more.
Drainage will be needed because begonia does not tolerate stagnant water at the roots. Mineral fertilizers are perfect for feeding, but they should be applied carefully and carefully so as not to damage the root system again. You should not buy organic fertilizers - they have a bad effect on both the condition of the plant and its appearance.
If the begonia is planted in open ground, then it is recommended to take care of the preparation of the soil.... It needs to be loosened and large lumps removed.
How to take care of it properly?
- The bush loves moderate watering, the frequency depends on the flowering period - during it it is more abundant, then cut by three times. Watering should be done when the soil is almost dry. In no case should it be sprayed! After all, this leads to the development of various fungal diseases, and can also act as a magnifying glass in the sun, leading to leaf burns.
- Prefers a temperature not lower than 18-20 degrees. At a lower level, it dies. It does not tolerate frost categorically. Room temperature (25 degrees) is acceptable.
- It is important to remove faded flowers in time. This preserves the splendor and makes room for new buds.
- Extremely susceptible to stressful situations and deteriorating conditions of detention.
- During the dormant period, when flowering is finished, special care is required. After the so-called wintering, cuttings are trimmed to 7-8 centimeters. The above-described irrigation regime and temperature regime are observed. It is also recommended to use growth stimulants like "Epin", "Zircon". They will help to avoid a variety of plant problems.
We recommend watching a video about Elatior begonia care:
Diseases and pests
The flower is prone to some problems and diseases.
- Shedding leaves... Occurs when there is no watering and the humidity is kept low.
- The appearance of mold, rot on the leaves... This happens from high humidity and low temperatures.
- Brown, dried edges of leaves, bud fall... Caused by dry air, too high temperature.
- Root rot... This problem occurs due to over-watering.
- Gray rot - from buds that have not been removed in time.
- Paleness and weakness of leaves... Caused by low light.
- Powdery mildew, spider mites, aphids... With the first disease, which manifests itself in the form of a white bloom on the leaves, treatment with fungicidal agents or sulfur is immediately needed.
Attention: For the prevention of various lesions, watering with a solution of phytosporin is used.
Begonia reproduces in three ways:
- Cuttings are cut from a faded plant, and then placed in wet vermiculite or perlite. Sphagnum moss is also suitable for rooting, which additionally has a bactericidal effect. Can also be placed in a glass of water and an activated charcoal tablet. So the cutting will give a root faster. In this case, the shoot should be at least 7 centimeters long. This is the most common type of flower reproduction.
- The seeds can be sown all year round. In a period with poor light, you need to provide them with additional lighting for germination. However, this is a painstaking, less frequently used method.
- You can simply divide the mother bush by planting it in different pots. But in this case, do not forget about the fragility of the roots, so this process must be delicate. For this reason, it is also rarely used.
It is best to grow begonia from a cuttings. It is faster and more reliable. But in this case, it is important not to forget about the regular pinching for the splendor of the bush. Read more about the reproduction of Elatior begonias by seeds and cuttings here, and you will learn about the features and nuances of these types of reproduction in this article.
Begonia Elatior is a beautiful and rich looking plant... It will be a decoration for any home and garden. And as a gift it will bring an unforgettable experience. Therefore, this hybrid is so popular among other begonias.