Balsam is a beautiful ornamental plant that is suitable for growing both at home and in the garden. There are many types of this flower, so that the gardener always has a choice. The most popular is Waller's or Waller's balsam. In recent years, thanks to the emergence of its stable hybrids, this variety began to take root well as a garden plant, unpretentious and pleasing with its bright colors.
This article will tell you what Waller's balsam is, how to care for it, what difficulties you can face when growing it, and what diseases and pests can threaten the flower.
Botanical description and history of origin
Balsams come from the forests of Asia and Africa. These are heat-loving plants that love moisture. Waller's balsam (Impatiens walleriana) has long been cultivated as a houseplant. People call him Vanka wet (there are small drops of moisture on the tips of the leaves) and Impatiens (when touched, he "scatters" the seeds).
In general, Waller's balsams are classic, just those that grow on window sills, and hybrid, suitable for flower beds. The second are undersized (15-30 centimeters), richer in color and blooming more abundantly. They can withstand fluctuations in temperature and humidity, they can withstand heat in a flower garden. They are also able to grow at home, blooming on a light windowsill even in winter.
Reference! Hybrids can be purchased at gardening stores and look good in hanging planters for decoration.
Description of appearance and features
It is a perennial (in warm regions) bush plant with a height of 20 to 60 centimeters. It has erect, succulent stems, strongly branching. The leaves are wide, large, oval in shape, pointed towards the end, with jagged edges and light green in color.
Their length is about 10 centimeters. Flowers 4 centimeters in diameter, either single or collected in few-flowered inflorescences. Pedicels are long. Sami flowers can be simple or double and in different shades (usually red or pink).
The hybrids are smaller in height - from 15 to 30 centimeters, branch more strongly, give more flowers, varied in the range of shades. Grows quickly, blooms early and decorates the garden all summer. It is quite unpretentious, it can grow in relative shade.
Photo of indoor flower - Vanka wet
Next, you can see what Waller's balsam looks like in the photo.
This beautiful flower is very popular with florists. If you decide to grow such a long-flowering and unpretentious plant, then you may be interested in learning more about it. On our site you will find a lot of information about such species and varieties of this plant: Wild, Iron-bearing or Ferruginous, New Guinea and Tom Samb. We also talked separately about the ampelous varieties of balsam.
This species has certain problems. The most common problems with Waller's balsam are listed below..
- Small, pale leaves. elongated stems. Lack of nutrients, cramped pot, high temperature, lack of lighting.
- Leaves fall off, curl, stems rot. Dampness, low temperature.
- Leaves dry and fall off. Dry air, high temperature.
- Loss of leaf color. Lack of lighting.
- Weak flowering or its complete absence. Lack of lighting, nutrients or excess fertilizers, especially nitrogenous ones.
- Termination of flowering. Frost, cold snap, dry soil, too large pot, wrong transplant time.
You can cope with all these troubles if you pay attention to the condition of the plant in time and take action.
Rules and tips for planting conditions
It is considered that Waller's balsam is difficult to grow from seeds... Indeed, they need to be sown in January or mid-March, if you are sure of the quality, in sand or a mixture with peat, under the obligatory additional lighting. Moreover, the seeds are located on the surface of the soil, they are slightly pressed into it, and on top the pot should be covered with a film for better germination.
It is important to shake off the condensation from it so that they do not get sick with fungal diseases. The temperature should be room temperature, about 25 degrees. The germination process takes 7 to 14 days, during which it is important to control humidity and ventilate the seedlings. To prevent them from stretching, you need to lower the temperature to 17 degrees.
The grown seedlings of Waller's balsam are transferred to the open ground in Junewhen the probability of frost for herbaceous plants disappears.
Reference! Can also be grown from cuttings cut in the fall. They are grown in pots as houseplants and can be transplanted or left at home in the spring. Requirements for soil and conditions are similar.
Lighting and location
They grow well both in partial shade and in illuminated areas. True, in direct sunlight, where the plant can get leaf burn, it is better not to plant it. It is thermophilic, does not tolerate temperatures below 5 degrees. The best landing place is on the slope, where the sun lingers for a couple of hours a day, no more. If Waller's balsam grows at home, then choose any direction of the window, except for the south. The temperature should not drop below 22-25 degrees.
Loves light, fertile soil... Does not tolerate excess moisture, so moderation is important. It is better to water in the evening so as not to burn the leaves. When growing at home, one should not forget about fertilizing the soil with fertilizers, but in moderation and not too often.
Home and outdoor care
Waller's balsam is quite unpretentious, does not require increased care. The soil should always be moist, but not excessively. In winter, watering for potted bushes is reduced, it is done after the soil dries up. Leaves can be sprayed, the main thing is not during direct sun exposure. Fertilize from March to September every two weeks if the flower is planted in open ground.
It is important to remember that stems and leaves are especially fragile due to moisture saturation.so they should grow either next to each other as wind support or in calm areas of the garden. It is better to remove faded buds in order to maintain a beautiful appearance and allow new ones to bloom freely.
In the fall, before frosts, garden balsams of this variety are covered, and the pots are brought into a warm room. It is undesirable to transplant from the garden into a container; it is better to root the cuttings for subsequent cultivation from them.
Common diseases and pests
If all the conditions are met, then Waller's balm will not hurt.... However, if they are violated, there are some problems with leaves, roots or flowering.
Of the pests, aphids, spider mites and whiteflies are especially distinguished. The second appears more often in dry hot weather. Soap baths and acaricide solution help from it. Spraying with Aktara, Actellik, Confidor, Bi-58 preparations relieves aphids and whiteflies.
The plant is mainly grown from seed... They take fresh, high-quality seeds. From hybrids, they are not used, since they will not give the properties of the parents. It also propagates by cuttings, which take root within one to two weeks.
A high content of salts in the soil must not be allowed and the moisture and illumination optimal for the variety must be maintained. You can grow a home bush from cuttings without any problems. This method is more preferable for novice gardeners due to its greater simplicity.
Waller's balsam is a beautiful and long-flowering plant that can beautify any garden or home.... His unpretentiousness and relative ease of care allowed him to become so popular with flower growers. Balsam of this variety will give only positive impressions and will definitely become one of the favorites among other plants.
We suggest you watch a video about the reproduction of Waller's balsam from seeds:
We invite you to watch a video about caring for Waller's balsam: