Horseradish is a common plant in almost all garden and garden plots. It does not need any care, it does not even need to be specially watered. This plant is not whimsical to various weather conditions. In food, as a rule, grated root is used as a spicy seasoning, its juice and the root itself are used for the needs of medicine, and housewives during the harvesting period do not do without spicy horseradish leaves. Read in the article about the properties of the product, about the indications and contraindications for use and how to use it in the treatment of various diseases.
Horseradish is a powerful perennial herb that reaches a height of 40 to 120 cm during flowering.
- Root - thickened, many-headed, branched, fleshy, whitish in color. The root is from 1.5 to 5 cm in diameter, and sometimes reaches more than 100 cm in length.
- Stem - upright, covered with fine grooves. The height of the stem varies from 50 to 150 cm. Its upper part is densely branched.
- Basal leaves - oblong-oval or oblong rather large (30-60 cm). The color is dark green, they sit on long petioles. The lower stem leaves are located on short stems. The upper ones are oblong without petioles.
- Flowers - small, white, regular shape with a four-part rim. They concentrate on the upper part of the stem and its lateral branches. Inflorescences form beautiful panicle brushes. The plant blooms from May to July.
- Fruit - bilocular pods of an oblong elliptical shape (4-6 mm long). Each nest produces 4 seeds. The ripening period of the fruits is August-September.
Horseradish propagates vegetatively. Forms very little or no seeds.
Chemical composition and nutritional value of the product
The plant is rich:
- Salts of the following minerals: calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur. These substances are necessary for a person for many biochemical reactions, namely, to activate a number of enzymes. And also for the normalization of blood pressure, and for the formation of muscles and the skeletal system.
- B vitamins (folic acid, pyridoxine, thiamine, riboflavin). The roots also contain tocopherol (vitamin E) and ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
- The root contains: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, organic acids, dietary fiber, essential allyl oil. As well as starch, ash, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids.
- The root contains lysozyme, and this is a biologically active compound that can adversely affect the cells of many disease-causing coca, including the tubercle bacillus (Koch's bacillus). Therefore, horseradish juice is a natural antibacterial agent.
Health benefits and harms
Consider how horseradish is useful or harmful to health. Root treatment is possible due to the properties of horseradish. It is advisable to eat it regularly and be treated with ratssenia in the presence of the following diseases:
- Inflammatory and colds. The plant helps the discharge of phlegm from the bronchi.
- Stomach disorders, gastritis (low acidity).
- Cholecystitis, impaired function of the biliary tract.
- Difficulty urinating, kidney and bladder stones.
- External use for toothache and stomatitis (rinsing).
- Hematopoietic organs - anemia.
- Physical and mental exhaustion.
- Bronchitis, pleurisy, bronchial asthma, tonsillitis, laryngitis, tuberculosis.
- Arthritis, sciatica.
- Weak potency in men and gynecological problems in women.
- Regulates blood sugar.
Eating the plant is contraindicated:
- in the chronic and acute course of diseases of the digestive system;
- also horseradish should not be included in your diet for peptic ulcer disease, high acidity;
- with inflammatory processes in the liver and kidneys;
- with individual intolerance.
Recipes for the preparation of medicinal products
Horseradish has long been used in folk medicine to treat many diseases.
In the treatment of gout, the leaves and roots of the plant are used, preferably fresh.... If this is not possible, you can take dried raw materials.
For medicinal use, the dry root must be grated on a fine grater and steamed in water. Before using dry leaves, they are also poured with boiling water. The fresh root should be rubbed outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
Reference! Horseradish does not retain its properties for a long time, so the prepared medicinal raw materials should be used immediately for their intended purpose.
Fresh leaf compress
A freshly picked leaf should be doused with boiling water and applied to the sore joint (to the skin with the underside of the leaf). From above it is necessary to wrap it in polyethylene, wrap it up and leave it overnight.
Compress from the root system
You need to take 2 tablespoons of crushed raw materials and pour 200 ml of boiling water over it. A piece of cotton cloth is placed in the broth, squeezed out, a steamed root is placed on it and a compress is placed on the sore joint. How horseradish treats a large number of joint diseases, we wrote in another article.
Rubbing with tincture
Tincture recipe: 150 g of gruel from the root is poured with 500 ml of alcohol and, stirring occasionally, insist for a day. The resulting tincture is rubbed with sore spots. We talked separately about how tinctures are made, called horseradish.
The root of the plant is used to treat coughs. The root vegetable is saturated with substances such as micro and macro elements, vitamins, phytoncides, lysozyme, essential oils, which help to eliminate cough.
With lemon for a lingering cough
To prepare the medicine, you will need - 150 g of horseradish and 2 lemons... It is necessary:
- Grate the root and squeeze the juice from the lemons.
- Next - mix both ingredients and place the mass in a glass dish, close it.
- After 12 hours, the filtered medicinal drug is ready for use.
- The slightly warmed mixture is taken on an empty stomach, 1 teaspoon 1 time per day.
This remedy should not be given to children.
Infusion with honey
The drug is prepared as follows:
- We take 200 g of horseradish and honey and half a liter of boiling water.
- Grind the root with a meat grinder, pour boiling water over the gruel and leave in a dark place for a day.
- Then we mix the strained infusion with honey and heat it over low heat to 50 degrees (the mixture should not boil in any case).
- The finished drug is stored in the refrigerator.
- The medicine should be taken 2 tablespoons no more than 3 times a day.
We invite you to watch a video about the preparation of horseradish and honey tincture:
For the treatment of rheumatism, only the root is used to prepare the medicine.
- It must first be thoroughly washed, peeled and grated.
- From this mass, it is necessary to squeeze out the juice and dilute it with water in the proportion: 1 teaspoon of juice to 0.5 glass of water.
Take the medicine half a glass 3 times a day... Do not drink juice undiluted.
With high blood sugar
Horseradish can help lower blood sugar levels. In this case, you need a root.
- It must be grated and mixed with sour milk in a ratio of 1:10 (kefir is not suitable for this purpose).
- All ingredients are mixed and left in a cool dark place for 8-12 hours.
- The resulting medicine is taken 3 times a day, 1 tablespoon half an hour before meals.
The desired effect will not come immediately. Over time, tincture of horseradish milk will help the pancreas to regulate the production of insulin.
If there are no contraindications, horseradish from diabetes can be taken in its pure form... In this case, you should not replace the fresh product with the one sold in the store in jars. The effect will be only if you add young roots or leaves to salads, soups, casseroles. And also as a seasoning for meat dishes.
Important! When treating diabetes with horseradish, you need to listen carefully to the signals of your body. The agent should not cause any side complications with the gastrointestinal tract and peristalsis.
How to store it correctly?
Only healthy and large roots are subject to long-term storage.
Fresh horseradish storage methods:
- In the basement or cellar... This method can be used by residents of private houses or townspeople who have an apartment on the ground floor with a basement. Before harvesting root crops for the winter, they need to be dried. The rhizomes are best preserved in a container with sand. The room temperature should be between 0 and +5 degrees.
- Freezing... The roots must be washed well, peeled, cut into pieces 5-7 cm long and distributed in portions into bags. You can store horseradish in this way until the next harvest. At the same time, the product does not lose its taste and useful qualities.
- Drying... Dry horseradish can only be used as a seasoning for pickles or as an addition to sauces. You can dry it in the air, in the oven, in a special dryer for vegetables.
We suggest you watch a video on how to keep horseradish for a long time:
We suggest you watch a video about the properties of horseradish: