Begonia is perhaps the most widely represented type of indoor and garden plants. The beauty and sophistication of the bright red begonia is mesmerizing. What forms it does not exist! In this article, we will consider a special kind of begonia, red or, as it is also called, red-leaved. You will get acquainted with its varieties, see them in the photo.
You will also learn how to properly transplant a houseplant and what kind of care it needs. What features of cultivation should be taken into account for the full development of the plant. Read about common diseases and pests that affect the flower.
Botanical description and history of origin
Begonia belongs to the genus of tropical plants, the Begonia family. In nature, there are more than one and a half thousand varieties. In the wild, it grows up to two meters in height. There are both small and giant species. Favorite growing places are old trees and gorges.
Interesting! The flower got its name in honor of the Governor of the Republic of Haiti, Michel Begon.
It was Michel Begon who organized an expedition to the Antilles in 1687, where the botanist, monk Charles Plumier, discovered six types of beautiful flowers. Plumier and Begon, on top of everything else, were good friends and the plants that were found, hitherto unknown to the world, were without hesitation named after a friend.
Breeders have successfully devoted the entire second half of the nineteenth century to breeding new types of begonias. And in 1856, some more varieties were discovered in India.
Description of varieties of red-leaved flower and their photos
There are several varieties of red begonias, which outwardly have some differences. This houseplant got its name from its bright red leaves. In the photo you can see what a flower looks like with red leaves.
The most common varieties are.
The form is bushy, the stem is bushy. The leaves are large, pointed, dense, maroon color. Flowering is extremely rare, while the flowers are white-pink, unremarkable. We talked about cute bushy species of begonias here, and in this article you will learn about flowering varieties.
The sheets are rounded. Bright wine-red color. In the center of the sheet plate there is a dark pattern, edging along the edge... The flowering is also nondescript and faded compared to the prominent foliage.
Leaves are rich, satin-pomegranate color with a brown, spider-like center. In bright light, the shade of the leaves brightens.
It is a hybrid form. The soft deciduous part has streaks of a different color spectrum: green, pink, silver, red, black. Various subspecies of this begonias surprise with their decorative leaves - speckled, striped, with specks (read about decorative deciduous begonias here). Creeping root. Direct or creeping shoots depart from it. Pink peduncles are large, can be double or semi-double, however, against the background of a variety of foliage colors, they seem rather inconspicuous.
Begonia will never get boring. She will always delight you with her luxurious leaf patterns and chic, bright colors. If you are breeding this plant or are just going to do it, then we suggest that you learn about these types of begonias: Diadem, Naked, Sizolistnaya, Mix, Bauer or Tiger, Collar, Coral, Fista, Mason, as well as terry begonia and yellow.
Where and how to plant a houseplant?
Plant selection and pre-treatment before planting are important steps. It is very important to inspect the tuber and remove small roots. Disinfection of roots is best done with "Fungicide", according to instructions.
Important! Freezing of tubers is a common problem. As a result, the plant does not germinate. When buying, it is important to inspect the plant for rot.
- Pot... It is best to use a shallow pot to tame potential root overgrowth. A drainage layer is placed on the bottom, approximately 8-10% of the volume. The soil is selected loose, enriched with oxygen.
A young, immature plant should be watered strictly along the edge, avoiding waterlogging.
- Lighting and location... Moderately bright, diffused lighting is required. Do not allow direct sunlight to hit the plant. It is most comfortable to place the begonia on the west or southeast window.
- Soil requirements... Specialized flower shops sell enriched soil for each type of plant, so it is easiest to purchase it. However, the soil can be mixed at home as well. You will need peat and black soil in a 1: 1 ratio. It is important to leave the soil loose and enrich with additional mineral fertilizing, if it is not ready-made soil. So, in stages, the process of planting begonias can be represented as follows:
- Selection and careful inspection of the plant in the store.
- Preliminary disinfection of the roots with the "Fungicide" preparation according to the instructions.
- Transplant into a pot of suitable size with correctly selected soil.
- Placing the pot on a window with diffused lighting.
- Watering for the first time only gently along the edge, without redundancy.
- Temperature... Comfortable conditions for red-leaved begonia will be from 14 to 23 degrees Celsius, with a constant air humidity of 60%.
To maintain optimal humidity levels, you can place the pot on a raised tray of water. For example, on a peat bed or an inverted saucer.
You can also maintain moisture by spraying the air around the flower, avoiding moisture getting on the leaves themselves.
Begonia does not tolerate drafts!
- Watering... It is carried out only when the topsoil is completely dry.
- Transfer... Made only in extreme cases.
- Wintering... The resting period for red begonia begins in October and lasts until February. Watering of the plant should be reduced during this time.
If there are tubers that need to overwinter, then they should be stored at temperatures up to 12 degrees Celsius.
Common diseases and pests
The plant suffers from diseases such as powdery mildew, gray mold, bacterial and ring spot. It is susceptible to attack by ticks and moths.
- Powdery mildew - This is a fungal infection that develops in the form of a white bloom on the leaves and shoots. The result is leaf decay and plant death.
- Gray rot manifests itself as a gray or gray-white bloom. It is treated with Trichodermin according to the instructions.
- Bacterial spot appears on leaves as multiple clusters of specks of brown or dark red hue.
- Ring spot is manifested by the appearance of white spots with a clear shape.
- Vegetative way: the top of the rhizome is cut off by 5-7 centimeters. The sprout is transferred to the ground and a small greenhouse is created, covered with a plastic bag. Shoots appear after about 28-30 days. You can also divide the tubers into parts, each of which must have a kidney.
- Sheet method: you need to choose the strongest and healthiest leaf. Then cut it into squares no larger than 2 centimeters. Place in a substrate of peat and sand (1: 1) and cover with foil. Leave alone for 2-3 weeks. As a result, roots will appear. After three weeks, it is necessary to turn on the half-hour ventilation "panic", increasing the time each time.
- Stem method: take a stem with one, or preferably two buds. A cut is made from below under the lower kidney, 50 mm under the upper one from above. Next, the stem is placed in the soil under a film or bottle. The roots appear in about 20-30 days. It is essential to ventilate the structure once every three days.
Growing red-leaved begonia is a pleasure when the grower is armed with knowledge of the features and nature of this flower. In the article, we tried to consider the key points of caring for this beautiful plant.