The products of metabolic and decomposition processes are excreted from the body mainly with urine through the kidneys - natural filters. Eating some brightly colored foods can affect the color of the urine.
In particular, when eating beets, we can see that the urine has changed color, reddish tints appeared in it. But what does it mean that it is colored, and should it be colored? Is it bad or the norm? Does it affect health and is it worth consulting a doctor with such color changes?
Can urine stain after eating a root vegetable and is this normal?
If, when a person eats beets, it does not change the color of urine, then - is this normal?
The beet contains special chemical compounds - betacyanins, which are flavonoids - natural pigments. They paint it in a bright saturated color.
After eating a vegetable, urine in 65% of cases may be stained in pale pink or red.
The more betacyanin in the root vegetable, the brighter the vegetable, and the more likely the urine will become unnaturally colored.
Betacyanin is a red, pink or brownish pigment. It is used in the food industry as an E162 additive. This dye is absolutely harmless and safe for humans and practical to use.
But! Is urine colored in one hundred percent of cases? Not, the color of urine when eating a vegetable does not change in all cases... As mentioned above, only in sixty-five percent of cases.
There is a dependence on certain factors:
- The amount of fluid consumed is of great importance..
Normally, when small amounts of beetroot product are consumed, its pigments are processed and discolored in the stomach, while the rest of the pigments are processed in the kidneys and intestines. In this case, urine does not change in color, its color remains natural. It is worth consuming more vegetables than usual, or consuming less water, as the concentration of the dye in the urine increases, and the urine changes in color. Lack of water can affect the color level.
- From beet variety.
The intensity of the color can be influenced by the quantitative content of betacyanin in different varieties of beets. For example, the most common variety "Cylinder" contains about forty-five milligrams per hundred grams of the product, which means its color is not saturated.
If we take the “Shar” variety, then it contains one hundred and ninety-five milligrams of betacyanin in one hundred grams of the product. Therefore, the high content of the dye, passing through the gastrointestinal tract, is not fully capable of decomposition.
Excess betacyanin is excreted by the kidneys along with urine.
- From the storage conditions of the root crop.
When exposed to sunlight, the amount of betacyanin in beets decreases. It is “discolored”.
- From the method of heat treatment.
During cooking, part of the pigment passes into water, the color intensity drops. Baking or steaming will help keep the betacyanins inside the vegetable.
- From acidity of gastric juice.
The increased acidity of gastric juice prevents the breakdown of pigment. As a result, the color of the urine changes. It has been scientifically established that if beets are consumed on an empty stomach, the color of urine remains unchanged. At this time, the stomach has a neutral pH environment, where betacyanin is easily degraded. And if you eat beets with acidic foods, the coloration will be very intense. For example, the use of everyone's favorite vinaigrette will cause a change in the color of urine, because this salad includes other foods with high acidity.
When is the body's reaction abnormal?
What other signs, besides red urine, can indicate that there is something wrong with your health?
Doctors do not consider pink coloration of urine after eating beets as a pathology. Concerns can be caused by cases if urine becomes red when bright vegetables were not in the diet.
In this case, one can suspect any pathological conditions that are accompanied by certain symptoms:
- pain when using the toilet;
- burning sensation, cramps, heaviness in the lower abdomen;
- the smell of urine has become intense, unpleasant;
- frequent urge to urinate;
- change in body temperature upward;
- general malaise, drowsiness and weakness.
If these symptoms were not preceded by the use of beets, then pathological changes associated with certain diseases can be suspected. Changes in urine color associated with pathological conditions can be of two main causal groups:
- To the first group of reasons urine staining includes all pathologies of the urinary organs: kidneys, bladder, urethra.
They appear in diseases such as nephritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, tumors of the kidneys and urinary tract, urolithiasis (read about how the use of beet juice and decoction affects the dissolution of stones in the gallbladder, read here).
- To the second group include reasons associated with metabolic disorders in the body. For example, with impaired liver function, jaundice, hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells), hyperlipidemia.
In these cases, the color of urine can vary from pale pink to red and brown. If any of these symptoms occur, you should see your doctor. The doctor will prescribe tests, send for an ultrasound, if necessary, a biopsy.
Reasons: Why can urine be reddish or pink after taking a vegetable?
Consider why urine may be red after a meal that consisted of beets. There are also conditions under which the staining of urine with beet betacyanins can be more pronounced:
With dysbiosis, there is an imbalance in the natural microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, the ability of the gastrointestinal tract to absorb substances changes. As a result, the processes of splitting are slower and most of the "waste" begins to enter the kidneys, where at the physiological level it cannot be processed one hundred percent. Then betacyanins are found in the urine.
The solution is to include probiotics in the diet - foods that have a positive effect on the reproduction of microflora.
- Imbalance in urine acidity.
During normal urinary system functioning, the pigment from beets is still present in it after consumption. In this case, discoloration occurs due to the slight acidity of the urine itself.
The vegetable also stains the urine red if any medications that increase the acidity have been taken with the beets.
- Kidney problems.
All useful and unhealthy substances pass through the kidneys, like a sponge. If the "sponge" stops filtering, when a malfunction occurs, then the "waste" will be removed unchanged. Beet pigments are also classified as "waste".
- Gynecological problems in women.
Can it stain in women and why? With gynecological diseases, it is not the dye that enters the urine, but the blood. As a result, the urine in women also turns reddish and pink.
Many people know about the medicinal properties of beets. Read the materials of our experts on how you can cleanse the blood vessels and intestines using a variety of beet-based remedies, cure a runny nose, sore throat, and also is it possible to eat and in what form a red root vegetable for gastritis, constipation, oncology, diabetes mellitus, pancreatitis and cholecystitis , stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Which doctor should I contact if there is a suspicion of a problem?
Doctors to be consulted are general practitioners, urologists, and nephrologists. For women, an additional examination by a gynecologist is required. Doctors will order examinations to determine the presence or absence of pathology when the color of urine changes.
All "suspicious" changes in urine staining from any food or drug should be monitored. Preventive consultation with your doctor can help you avoid serious problems.
Is it the same or not changing in children and adults - what is the difference?
Can a child get stained, does this happen?
Beets are useful not only for adults, but also for children.... It has a good effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Small children are given this vegetable after heat treatment and in the form of mashed potatoes.
It is not recommended to give raw beet juice to children. It can irritate the gastrointestinal tract, and boiled, on the contrary, promotes good peristalsis.
Can a root vegetable color an adult's urine? For adults, the raw product is absolutely safe. The child's body is different from that of an adult. In children, urine staining occurs in almost one hundred percent of cases. The children's filter system continues to evolve with age, so it is not perfect in the initial stages. That is why pigments are excreted from the child's body unchanged.
Urine is intensely stained... Parents need to know that if a child has a change in the color of urine, then a visit to a doctor should be mandatory.
How many days after eating a vegetable will there be a change?
Does the root vegetable color urine for a long time after ingestion?
For those who love beetroot dishes, you need to be prepared for the fact that the color of urine can have a red tint for a long time.
How many days the urine will change in color is individual for each. But at least 2 days it will be possible to observe "color pictures" when visiting the toilet. The larger the volume of liquid discharged, the less saturated the color.
The advice is to drink plenty of water so as not to be intimidated. And the color intensity will be less! It is important to observe the color change for another two to three days after the complete cessation of beets. If time has passed and the color has not changed, we go to the doctor!
Thus, we examined whether the urine can change and turn red after eating, what should be the body's response to the intake of this root vegetable. Beetroot juice is absolutely harmless. It's okay that the urine becomes a different color.... The vegetable can be consumed by both children and adults, without harm to health. But if at the same time something confuses, symptoms uncharacteristic of the norm have appeared, there is a deterioration in the general condition of the body - you need to consult a doctor.