Root parsley is a rather unpretentious plant loved by many summer residents and gardeners. It can be grown not only in the garden, but also in the apartment and in the greenhouse.
It is the root parsley that is biennial. In the first year she gives a root crop, in the second - seeds. It is this property that makes it possible to collect a bunch of parsley on the site even in early spring.
The root vegetable contains many useful substances that are used to prevent diseases and heal wounds.
Root parsley, unlike leaf parsley, is demanding on the soil... Fresh manure, too dense or poorly cultivated soil are contraindicated for her.
This species can only be planted by sowing, since it tolerates transplanting very poorly and can form a branched root crop.
Choosing a variety
Root parsley is more cold-resistant than, for example, carrots. The plant can survive the winter in the garden and give greens in early spring. There are three types of root parsley:
- early maturing;
- late ripening.
One of the most favorite varieties among summer residents is "Sugar". The root crop appears only in the second year, but in the first you can collect greens. This plant belongs to early maturing. With proper care, the yield can be up to 3 kg. Large leaves reach 50 cm in length, and the root crop itself is 30 cm with a diameter of 6 cm and a mass of up to 60 grams.
From mid-season varieties, gardeners prefer to choose the “Harvest” parsley. The weight of one parsley root crop is about 90 grams. The yield is high up to 6 kg. Parsley leaves have a bright green color and a spicy aroma... When the rosette is cut, the leaves grow back quickly. The undoubted advantage of the variety is cold resistance and earlier appearance of tops.
A late-ripening variety and the most beloved "Bordovikskaya". Ripe roots are outwardly similar to carrots, weighing up to 200 grams. This variety is purchased for long-term fresh storage.
You need to choose a place in the fall. It is important to prepare the soil: dig up the ground (by 20-25 cm) and add humus to it (5 kg per 1 sq. M). You can plant parsley at the end of April, the plant germinates at a temperature of 3-4 C.
Root parsley is capricious when it comes to planting, so it is important to plant the spring before mid-May.
How to choose the right place? The place must be protected from drafts and at the same time sufficiently sunny, otherwise the plant will grow small. Parsley loves fertile soil, never plant on clay and heavy soil.
Plant it with a second crop; if you plant it first, the parsley will tend to branch. When choosing a place, keep in mind that the plant does not like carrots, coriander or dill to grow on this soil (which plants are compatible with parsley?).
Step-by-step instructions for planting seeds
Before planting parsley, you need to properly prepare the seeds.
- Soak the seeds in warm water two weeks before the sowing date.
- Change the water 2 times a day.
- After two days, the seeds will swell, rinse them and put them on burlap or cheesecloth for germination.
- After about 5-6 days, as the seeds germinate, put them on ice in the refrigerator for 12 days.
- Dry the seeds.
- Plant in moist soil, 1 sq. m of land - 0.5 kg of seeds.
In open ground
Before planting, potash or phosphorus fertilizers must be placed in the soil. A distance of at least 20 cm should remain between the beds, the furrows should be 2 cm deep.
- Pour seeds into the furrows and sprinkle with earth.
- Be sure to water.
- Some gardeners cover the beds with plastic to help the water evaporate more slowly. The film can be left until the first shoots appear.
- After about 2 weeks, the first shoots will appear.
The plant gives greens until the frost, so you can leave it until late autumn.
On the windowsill
It is important to choose a pot for planting parsley at home. The middle flower pot will hold three fruits. Deep containers or drawers can be purchased, such a vessel will also work. The distance between plants should be 3 cm, if you have several rows, then between them - 8 cm.
Ventilate the area regularly, avoid drafts and keep the ground moist. Parsley can be grown at home all year round, but not on the balcony or loggia.
In the greenhouse
Planting a plant in a greenhouse practically does not differ from planting in an open ground, but you can plant in a greenhouse already at the end of January.
The soil in the greenhouse should be light loamy or wood-podzolic. For good lighting, you can use fluorescent lamps..
Remember to ventilate the greenhouse. Film mobile tunnels and drip irrigation are perfect for growing parsley.
Caring for a young plant at first
- During the period of plant growth, it is necessary to feed it. Phosphate-potassium fertilizers are ideal for this. During the growing season, 2-3 additional feeding is required. The first feeding, when the parsley has released 3-4 leaves.
- Immediately after the shoots of greenery, it is necessary to thin out the parsley and loosen the soil. The distance between the plants should be about 3 cm.
The first loosening for a young plant is not done too deeply - 5-6 cm. Subsequent - 10-15 cm. Loosening is necessary after each watering and rain.
- Watering is carried out in the morning or evening. In wet weather, reduce the number of irrigations, in dry weather, increase. The soil should not be too wet or dry.
- Before emergence, it is important to ventilate the room (including the greenhouse), avoid drafts, regularly moisten the soil and remove weeds.
Root parsley does not tolerate transplanting well, so you need to plant it in a permanent place. It is better not to use a seedling planting method. Also, parsley sprouts for a long time. But if you soak the seeds (as we wrote above), then there will be no difficulties.
During planting before winter, you need to use twice as much seed. There is a risk that not all seeds will sprout.
Root parsley is great for growing both at home and in the garden... Its greens can be used fresh or dried, and the root vegetable is perfect for salads, as well as for making natural seasonings.