Beetroot chemical composition, calorie content and health benefits. What are the contraindications for a red vegetable?

Beetroot chemical composition, calorie content and health benefits. What are the contraindications for a red vegetable?

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Beetroot is an interesting, extraordinary and herbaceous plant. Anyone living on the planet knows that beets are a delicious and healthy product. It is popular in cooking and has long been indispensable in the preparation of borscht, salads and other various dishes.

But, let's take a look at what vitamins and minerals are in it, is there in beets, for example, iron or iodine, and how many are there? It is important to know whether it is high in calories, as well as what is the composition of the raw and boiled product, how many calories, proteins, fats and carbohydrates are in one root crop. Thanks to the expanded knowledge, everyone will be able to accurately determine the energy value, calorie content and benefits of a plant. And also, is it possible to use this product or is it harmful to health.

The chemical composition of the root crop

If you devote more time to chemical. composition of beets, it immediately becomes clear that it contains a large amount of carbohydrates (monosaccharides and disaccharides - 11 g). The protein will be much less - 1.9 g. The beetroot contains 14% carbohydrates, where the most is sucrose (about 6%), but much less glucose and fructose. Below is a list of the chemical composition of beets.

  1. Vitamin C.
  2. Vitamin B12.
  3. Vitamin PP.
  4. Vitamin B2.
  5. Carotene.
  6. Vitamin B3.
  7. Vitamin B5.
  8. Vitamin B6.
  9. Vitamin R.
  10. Vitamin U.
  11. Mineral salts.
  12. Pectin substances.
  13. Carbohydrates.
  14. Apple acid.
  15. Cellulose.
  16. Tartaric acid - sucrose
  17. Proteins;
  18. Oxalic acid.

You can find out more about the chemical composition of raw beets, as well as their benefits, here.

Calorie content and nutritional value

Consider the calorie content and BJU of red raw (fresh) beets per 100 gram portion:

  • calories - 40 kcal;
  • proteins - 1.6 g;
  • fats - 1.5 g;
  • carbohydrates - 8.8 g;
  • dietary fiber - 2.5 g;
  • water - 86 g.

The root vegetable contains quite a lot of sugar.... As a result, the question arises: how many calories, proteins, fats and carbohydrates are contained in 1 medium beet, but we will consider these indicators per 100 grams of raw, canned or boiled vegetable.

Attention. In boiled beets (100 grams) - 50 kcal. Why is that? Substances change their properties during heat treatment. In addition, boiled beets contain fewer nutrients than raw beets.

How many calories are in one canned beet? The calorie content of canned beets is 31 kcal per 100 g of product.

It contains:

  • 0.9 g - protein;
  • 0.1 g - fat;
  • 5.4 g - carbohydrates.

Consider how many calories and the composition of the BJU are in a pickled vegetable. Pickled beets are composed of 1 g of protein, 0.05 g of fat and almost 8 g of carbohydrates. Caloric content is 36.92 kcal.


  • 16% - proteins;
  • 17% fat;
  • 67% are carbohydrates.

The content of BZHU in steamed beets (100 grams):

  • 1.52 g - protein;
  • 0.13 g - fat;
  • 8.63 g - carbohydrates.

The calorie content of steamed beets is 42.66 kcal.


The benefits of beets have long been known to everyone. A large number of medicinal properties are found in the root of the plant. and in the leaves. Beets are a vitamin product. Let's take a look at what vitamins raw red beets contain and how much they contain.

Vitamin content:

  1. Vitamin A 0.002mg
  2. Vitamin B3 - 0.4mg.
  3. Vitamin B9 - 0.013mg.
  4. Vitamin B1 - 0.02mg.
  5. Vitamin B5 - 0.1mg.
  6. Vitamin C - 10mg.
  7. Vitamin B2 - 0.04mg.
  8. Vitamin B6 - 0.07mg.
  9. Vitamin E - 0.1mg.

Also, beneficial properties are due to the content of trace elements and minerals:

  • copper;
  • iodine;
  • boron;
  • gland;
  • manganese;
  • cobalt;
  • vanadium;
  • fluorine;
  • molybdenum;
  • rubidium;
  • zinc.

Iodine helps people suffering from goiter, atherosclerosis and obesity. And chlorine, which is also contained in this plant, has a cleansing effect on the liver, kidneys and gallbladder.

Dry matter

The biochemical processes that occur in raw materials during storage depend on the content of dry substances. The dry matter is found in the root of the beet. They remained after removing the water.

  • Dry matter - 25.
  • Water - 75.

The content of these substances depends not only on the variety, but also on climatic conditions.

Trace elements

From the above data, I would like to note that beets are rich in trace elements.

It contains:

  1. iodine;
  2. iron;
  3. zinc;
  4. manganese;
  5. potassium;
  6. calcium;
  7. phosphorus;
  8. chromium;
  9. sulfur;
  10. nickel;
  11. folic acid;
  12. magnesium.


Beets are famous not only for their calorie content, but also for their health benefits. This product is in the public domain, and therefore many people use it in a medicinal form. After all, beets treat cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, liver disease, and also helps in the fight against excess weight.

It is often used for chronic constipation. Fiber strengthens the intestines, and amino acids help with cell degeneration. Beet juice is good for blood problems. And also beets are useful for a very young organism. It can be used as a laxative to normalize the stool, but here the main thing is not to overdo it.

Experts say that during menstruation, a woman should only consume a boiled root vegetable (you can find out about the benefits and harms of beets for a woman's body here). Beets will help restore blood loss and increase hemoglobin. The plant has a cosmetic effect and is used in folk medicine to treat the skin.

Improves the condition of the skin and gives freshness to the body. As strange as it may sound, amino acids really fight early aging. You can postpone your retirement a little.

For more information about which beets are healthier for the body - boiled or raw, read here, and from this article you will learn what are the benefits and harms of using them for human health.

Contraindications and harm

  1. Cannot be used in case of diabetes mellitus.
  2. With chronic diarrhea.
  3. Beets interfere with calcium absorption.
  4. It is not advised to use it for urolithiasis, because the plant contains oxalic acid.
  5. The cleansing effect of beets is so strong that it flushes out not only toxins, but also calcium.
  6. It is forbidden to eat people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, ulcer). Beets are acidic and irritate the digestive system.
  7. Ingestion in large quantities causes a spasm of the blood vessels. Therefore, if people have a chronic migraine, they should use it with caution.
  8. It has a bad effect on the health of hypotonic patients. Beetroot lowers blood pressure.

In conclusion, I would like to note once again that despite contraindications, beets remain a useful product, which is rich in various substances, these are primarily proteins and carbohydrates. You need to eat it, you just need to take into account the state of your health. And whether you need to know how many calories or what trace elements are contained in one fresh beet, let everyone decide for himself. The main thing is not to overdo it! Especially if beets are used in cooking for children.

We offer you to watch a video about the chemical composition and benefits of beets:

Watch the video: Beetroot Benefits and Side Effects (June 2022).


  1. Criston

    In it something is. Many thanks for the help in this question.

  2. Westcot

    It is the excellent idea. It is ready to support you.

  3. Fela

    the very valuable message

  4. Patamon

    It just doesn't happen that way

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