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Question: currants and the like
dear expert, I am always biagio from LECCE and I would like to know besides the strawberries if I can plant blackcurrants or blueberries or all those similar fruits in short because I like them so much and they do well they told me to circulation and heart. if you can plant it, I'd really like to thank you so much for receiving the procedure. how to buy them. with seeds or plants? but do they exist on the market? thank you and greetings
Answer: currants and the like
although berries are often brought together under the same name, not all of these fruits display the same identical cultivation conditions; blueberries are acidophilic plants, like azaleas, and need an acid, fresh and moist soil, otherwise the plants do not produce flowers or the fruits become dry and inedible.
Generally speaking, even strawberries need a cool and humid climate, at least in spring weeks; in fact the areas in which forest fruits are traditionally grown in Italy are almost all in Trentino or Alto Adige, where the spring climate is decidedly cool; in these areas, however, the berries are often grown in greenhouses, while in Lecce I believe that the climate is more suitable for cultivation in open ground, even if you should avoid the flowerbeds placed in full sun.
Currant, both red and black (often called cassis), develop on small branched shrubs with deciduous leaves, which like calcareous soils and positions with at least a few hours of sunshine a day; they are more resistant than strawberries and blueberries, and do not need watering, except in the hottest periods of the year; at the end of winter they are pruned to favor the development of new branches, which will bear fruit at their apexes.
Blackberries grow on brambles: thorny weeds that grow creepers or prostrates; on the market there are generally varieties with very large and shiny fruit, but not very sweet, which takes on an excellent flavor only if cooked.
They are grown in any well-drained soil, in full sun or in partial shade. They mature in late summer.
Raspberries have small, poorly branching plants, which often dry completely in autumn, ripen in summer and love calcareous soils, in very sunny places.
Blackberries and raspberries do not need large watering, especially when they have been at home for some time; there are also various hybrids of blackberries and raspberries, with fruits also yellow, with a particularly pleasant taste and large size.
Little gooseberry is used in Italy, but it has an excellent flavor and produces large amounts of fruit, even when it is not best cultivated; even the gooseberry produces thin elongated, thorny stems, which in summer carry the typical rounded, sweet and fragrant fruits, excellent especially for preparing jams.
All these plants are easily found on the market, both in nurseries and on the websites of the sector; since you live in an area that generally does not have a particularly favorable climate for all berries, I suggest you look for young plants in a nursery near your home, so that they can advise you on the varieties most suitable for growing in the area of Lecce.