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Carrots were once a wild plant, but humans have been cultivating them for thousands of years. But now it is one of the most popular and useful root vegetables.
Many varieties were created, but until now the work of breeders has not stopped. New varieties of carrots are being created, which will be more resistant to diseases and less susceptible to environmental influences.
One of the most successful achievements of plant scientists is the Canada F1 carrot variety. This article describes in detail the properties and characteristics of growing this carrot.
Detailed characteristics and description
Carrot Canada F1 has an elongated conical shape, the tip of the fruit is softly rounded.
The color of the carrot is classic orange, the core has a small diameter, its color is slightly darker than the main pulp. The root crop grows in length up to 20-26 cm, and its diameter is up to 5-6 cm. The ground part of the plant consists of a powerful rosette with dark green leaves.
In terms of ripening, it belongs to medium-late hybrids, 120-130 days should pass from germination to complete harvesting. Selective cleaning starts in July.
According to Rosreestr, this is the Flakke cultivar. Root crops of this type are late-ripening, have good keeping quality during storage. Conical in shape, reach lengths up to 25 cm, diameter from 3 to 5 cm. These are the features that can be found in carrots Canada F1.
The amount of fructose and beta-carotene
The amount of fructose and beta-carotene in carrots is high: sugars 8.2%, possibly higher, since the sweetness of carrots depends on the soil on which it grows.
The carotene content is 21.0 mg per 100 g of raw material, while the average values for other carrot varieties are in the range of 8-9 mg.
- trace elements;
Early sowing of carrots at the end of April... The main crops are carried out in early May, but it is not too late to sow carrots on May 15-20. Carrot is a cold-resistant culture, it has hard-like seeds, so the seeds are sown as early as possible. Sowing of carrots in winter is also practiced - in late October, early November.
Seed germination is good, but to accelerate the emergence of seedlings, it is recommended to pre-soak the seeds, especially if sowing is carried out in mid-May.
Average root weight
The average weight of 1 root vegetable ranges from 150 to 200 grams... Individual fruits can weigh up to 500 grams.
Productivity from 1 hectare
What is the yield per hectare: the yield is very high, from 300 to 650 c / ha, which is 2 times higher than the standards for the Artek and Losinoostrovskaya varieties. Adaptability to mechanical digging, transportability, increased productivity, versatility of purpose, good keeping quality - makes this carrot variety interesting for growing on an industrial scale.
The State Register of Russia recommends carrots of the Canada F1 variety for cultivation throughout the country, and this is a very rare recommendation: out of 300 varieties, no more than 20 were awarded it.
In any region, on heavy soils, even with the most difficult climatic conditions, you can get a decent harvest.
So the Canada F1 Carrot will delight gardeners with its rich harvest not only in the Black Earth Region, but also in the Urals and Siberia.
Where is it recommended to plant?
Grow carrots in natural conditions, by sowing in the ground, additional shelters and even more so greenhouses she does not need.
Disease and pest resistance
Canada F1 is genetically resistant to flowering, as well as to the defeat of foliage by fungal diseases: Alternaria and Cercospora.
Full ripening of carrots occurs at the end of September, beginning of October.... It is then that you need to harvest root crops. Read about ripening times for other carrot varieties.
What kind of soil does he prefer?
Carrots Canada F1 can grow in any soil, and still give a good harvest. But still, on sandy, black earth, light loamy soils, yields can reach their maximum size.
Carrots are cold-resistant plants, Canada F1 is no exception.
Carrots "Canada" is a hybrid of the first generation of Dutch selection, used for crossing the varieties Chantane and Flakke. From Flakke, the hybrid gets its size, good keeping quality, and from Chantane - an increased content of sugars and microelements. The variety was entered into the State Register of Russia in 2001.
Purpose and keeping quality
Canada F1 is versatile in use: it is good fresh, perfectly stored without loss of consumer qualities for up to 10 months, it is used in processing:
- production of juices and baby food.
Difference from other vegetable varieties
The main difference from most varieties of carrots is the ability to produce crops in difficult growing conditions.
Advantages and disadvantages
- high stable yield;
- increased content of carotene, sugar and trace elements;
- unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
- excellent presentation;
- great taste both fresh and after processing;
- good transportability;
- excellent keeping quality.
Are there any disadvantages? Yes, it is impossible to get your own seeds, as it is a hybrid. And when trying to sow with their own seeds, the plants will not show the signs of a Canada F1 carrot. Because of this, the seeds will have to be purchased annually.
Features of the
- Sowing of Canada F1 carrots is best done in early May. The best predecessors are onions, garlic, peas, lettuce.
- Fresh manure for planting is not applied, as it causes excessive growth of tops, while the roots remain small. The best fertilizer is humus, and you need to apply it under the carrots in the fall.
- Sowing is carried out in beds, in grooves about 3 cm deep.Since Canada gives large root crops, it is important to carry out sparse crops, the optimal distance between plants in a row is 10 cm, and between rows is 20 cm. thinning of plants at the age of 1 month.
- If a crust has formed on the beds with carrot crops, use a little watering to destroy it.
- When loosening with a rake or other tool, you can damage the thin roots of the seedlings - and then the carrots will be branched. For the same reason, thinning is carried out no earlier than 30 days from germination.
- From fertilizers, a small amount of nitrogen fertilizer is used during growth, possibly in the form of a herbal infusion. Do not forget about ash - it will give potassium, phosphorus and additionally scare off carrot flies.
- Weeding from weeds, loosening of the soil is mandatory. Carrots love frequent small watering, root crops crack from excess moisture.
Harvesting and storage
Late-ripening carrots for storage are harvested in mid-October... It is advisable to carry out cleaning in a dry time, while it is important to cut off the tops as early as possible, otherwise, when drying in the sun through the leaves, there will be large losses of moisture. It is best to dry the carrots in the shade and then store them.
Diseases and pests
The carrot fly damages almost all carrots without sorting them into varieties. To protect against flies, it is necessary to observe crop rotation, use combined plantings.
You can plant onions in any form in carrots: seeds, set or even a large onion for seed production.
Onions planted along the edge of the carrot garden will keep the carrot fly away. Canada F1 is resistant to fungal diseases.
Cultivation problems and solutions
Gardeners love carrots of this variety because they do not create additional problems when growing: planting, timely weeding, watering, fertilizing, harvesting - these are the main tasks that a vegetable grower faces when working with Canada F1.
Canada F1 is recommended for cultivation throughout Russia, and among carrots with the same unpretentiousness to soil, the following varieties can be noted.
Yellowstone - late ripening, with a fruit weight of up to 200 g, with good taste, high yield up to 8.2 kg / sq. M. The highlight of the variety is the yellow color of the roots.
Samson belongs to the mid-season, the weight of the root crop is up to 150 g, the taste is good, the yield is 5.5-7.6 kg / sq.m., The roots are leveled.
Tinga - root vegetable weight 110-120 g., excellent taste, yield 5.0-5.5 kg / sq. m. Has a red pulp, orange core.
Totem - the mass of the root crop is 120-145 g, the taste is excellent, the yield is 5.5-6.0 kg / sq.m. The highlight of the variety is red.
These varieties are united by endurance, adaptability to various climatic conditions, the ability to maintain a presentation during long-term storage, high productivity and versatility of purpose.
Variety Canada F1 is one of the most successful modern Dutch varieties... He has every right to settle in your beds.
You will find a lot of useful and important information about such varieties as Dordogne, Baltimore, Laguna, Vitaminnaya 6, Karotel, Sentyabrina, Emperor, NIIOH 336, Tushon and Red Cor on our portal. We invite you to find out how and where you can plant, grow, harvest and store this bright and tasty root vegetable.
We offer you to watch a video about carrots Canada F1: