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Carrot varieties that are part of the Flakke variety group are distinguished by their unpretentiousness, excellent taste and high yield. In the article, we will describe in detail the features of the Flakke carrot variety.
Find out what the Flakke carrot variety looks like, as well as all about the care and proper cultivation of the crop. We present to your attention a detailed description of carrots, as well as talk about the positive aspects and disadvantages of culture. In addition, you will learn what distinguishes this carrot variety from its congeners.
The shape of the root crops is conical or spindle-shaped, the end is pointed, the surface is smooth, even. The carrots taste very sweet and crunchy. The core of the variety is large, orange in color. The length of the fruit ranges from 18-25 cm, and the diameter does not exceed 3.5 cm. The shade of carrots is deep orange, sometimes with a reddish tint. The end of the root does not turn green.
The amount of fructose and beta-carotene
This variety is high in fructose and beta-carotene.
Sowing time and seed germination
Flakke belongs to the late varieties... One of the main advantages of the variety is its high rates of seed germination.
Average weight of one fruit and yield
The average weight of one root crop is 120-190 g (gardeners who use this variety type for planting in their plots claim that almost all root crops grow up to 200 g). The yield per hectare is 350-550 kg / ha.
What is it for?
The variety is intended for fresh and processed consumption., suitable for long-term storage.
The variety is suitable for cultivation in many regions of the country, it grows well even in the difficult climatic regions of Russia - the Urals and Siberia.
Where is it recommended to plant?
Agronomists recommend growing Flakke carrots in the greenhouse and in the garden... You can plant a vegetable at home, but you won't have to wait for a big harvest. However, when growing in the Urals and Siberia, it is better to give preference to greenhouses.
Disease and pest resistance and ripening times
Flakke is a hybrid variety, therefore it is highly resistant to diseases and pests. The average ripening period is from 100 to 120 days. Read about other varieties of carrots by ripening time here.
It is recommended to plant seeds from March to September and from October to November.
The most suitable soil for carrots of the Flakke cultivar group is chernozem with low acidity and low ash content. If the soil is very heavy and clogged, it is recommended to add a small amount of sand to it. And to reduce acidity, lime is well suited (it is scattered in an amount of 50-80 g per square meter).
Frost resistance and transportability
Carrots will not withstand severe frosts, but they will tolerate light frosts... Therefore, it can be sown already in March and even in November. It is necessary to store root vegetables at an average temperature of 10-13 degrees above zero. Flakke tolerates transportation well. However, you need to transport only healthy fruits without rotting and mechanical damage.
Manufacturability for farms and peasant households
The described variety is one of the most technologically advanced in farming and agriculture. This is due to the fact that when growing carrots, no additional measures are required - it is enough to follow standard agrotechnical procedures.
The large size, long shelf life and high yield rates have made Flakke one of the most popular among farmers and agronomists. Carrots are suitable for mechanized harvesting.
Varieties related to this type
- Flakke Agroni;
- Rote Risen (Red Giant);
- Camaran F1;
- Krakow F1;
- Autumn king;
- Vita Long;
- Queen of Autumn;
- Coltan F1;
- Victoria F1.
The variety is presented on the market relatively recently. The selection was carried out by Polish botanists - in this country, gardeners have already managed to appreciate all the advantages of the bred hybrid.
What is the difference from other varieties of carrots?
Main distinguishing characteristics:
- high content of fructose and carotene;
- large fruits;
- high productivity;
- presentable appearance.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of the Flakke variety type include the following characteristics:
- root crops do not accumulate nitrate substances in themselves, therefore they are widely used in cooking;
- taste at a high level (children love this carrot for its sweet taste);
- good transportability;
- long shelf life;
- unpretentious cultivation.
There were no deficiencies in the variety.
Flakke is usually planted in March.... But it is best to focus on the air and ground temperature. The top 10 cm should warm up to at least 10-12 degrees.
- Before planting, the seeds are soaked for a day.
- Seeds are planted in pre-moistened soil.
- The holes are dug up to a depth of 5-6 cm, then they are spilled with a small amount of water and the soaked seeds are placed in the ground. When placing the seeds in the holes, step back 2 centimeters from the seeds. And between the rows, keep a distance of 20-25 cm.
Experienced agronomists recommend preparing the soil in the fall. To do this, they dig it up and add a small amount of sand there, and then - humus (consumption 6-8 kg per square meter).
Choose a planting site that is under the sun most of the day. Lack of lighting negatively affects yield indicators.
The best predecessors for Flakke carrots are:
Care after germination
- After the first shoots appear, they will need to be thinned out. This is necessary in order for the roots to grow larger. There should be 2-3 cm of free distance around each seedling.
- Water the carrots once a week. Moisten the soil abundantly so that it gets wet to a depth of 15 centimeters. The best time to water is early in the morning or in the evening after sunset. In this case, the soil will be well saturated and no crust will form. Watering stops 20 days before harvest.
- Do not forget to loosen the soil after watering - this is necessary so that air can pass into the soil.
- To get a rich harvest, gardeners recommend fertilizing every two weeks. A nitrophoska solution is best suited. The approximate consumption is 5 liters per square meter.
Harvesting and storage
Flakke can be planted both in spring and before winter.... But keep in mind that only the one that was collected before winter is suitable for storage. The rest is allowed to cook immediately after collection.
Carrots planted in March are harvested from late August to the second half of September (preferably before the first frost). Choose a day without rain for harvesting.
As soon as the roots are removed from the soil, spread them out to dry.shaking off the soil. This should be a well-ventilated area. Only the next day can the harvest be stacked in boxes. The storage container must be dry and clean. Give preference to plastic and wooden boxes.
The crop is stored at a temperature of 12-14 degrees above zero. A basement is ideal for this. Check the room in advance for dampness, mold and, if necessary, get rid of it. Ventilate the basement.
Diseases and pests
Flakke variety is resistant to many diseases and pests. However, if agricultural technology is not followed, pests of the umbrella family, white-winged pests can attack the carrots, the fruits can become moldy (most often this is due to waterlogged soil). The main methods of control and prevention:
- disinfection of inoculum with a solution of potassium permanganate;
- selection of the correct site for planting (well-lit and ventilated place without drafts);
- at the first signs of the appearance of diseases or pests, treat all fruits and tops with soap and salt solution.
Various problems and ways to solve them
- Thin root vegetables... Appear due to dense planting of seeds. To avoid this problem, thin out the carrots twice a season.
- Dry core... Appears due to rare or weak watering.
- Softening fruit... This happens if the fruit is over-watered during cultivation or stored in a high humidity environment.
- The appearance of appendages occurs when stored in a warm room.
- Bitter taste... Appears if too many carrots are above the ground. To prevent the taste from spoiling, sprinkle with earth even the edges of the root vegetables.
- Berlikum... It is similar to Flakke in taste, amount of carotene, shelf life and shape of the root crop.
- Shantane... They are similar in fructose and beta-carotene content, as well as the shape of the fruit.
- Danvers... The similarity is manifested in the taste and appearance of carrots.
Excellent taste, keeping quality, high yield rates, as well as unpretentious cultivation have made the Flakke variety carrot one of the most common among farmers and agronomists. In addition, the variety is capable of growing in almost all regions of the country.