Dioscorea, another name for wild yam, is a medicinal plant. It is widely used in the prevention and treatment of many ailments.
In this article, we will tell you about the root of Dioscorea, how to properly procure and store it, describe the recipes for preparing medicines from it and their correct use in the treatment of various diseases.
What types of dioscorea root are used for treatment?
Dioscorea, there are about 600 species. For use in medical practice, the most common and studied are:
- Mexican species.
For medicinal purposes, the roots and rhizomes of wild yam are used.
The roots of this plant include:
- saponins - 8-25% depending on the species;
- steroidal dioscin - 1.2%;
- diosgen - 2.2%.
Also available: starch and fat-like substances, trace elements chromium and selenium. Saponins destroy the protein-lipoid complex, which is the basis for the development of atherosclerotic changes.
The maximum content of these substances in the roots and rhizomes of Dioscorea is observed at the end of the growing season.
Medicinal properties and contraindications
Dioscorea root has medicinal properties and is of great benefit to the human body:
- has a choleretic property;
- it is used with the threat of miscarriage in women;
- source of diosgenin;
- expands peripheral vessels and improves coronary circulation;
- restores vision in case of cataracts;
- treats skin diseases;
- externally used for frostbite and furunculosis;
- increases the secretion of the digestive tract;
- has an anti-inflammatory effect;
- binds and lowers cholesterol;
- eliminates pain;
- relieves fatigue;
- does not allow uric acid to stay in the blood;
- reduces fatigue;
- restores sleep disorders;
- helps to improve memory and mood;
- activates cardiovascular, renal and hepatic activity;
- helps in the fight against excess weight;
- reduces blood clotting.
But wild yam also has contraindications. In addition to benefits, it can also harm the body. It is forbidden to use the medicines of this plant for the following ailments:
- acute pancreatitis;
- stomach ulcer;
- individual intolerance.
With great care and in small doses, the drug is used immediately after a stroke and heart attack.
Procurement of raw materials
Harvesting of roots and rhizomes of dioscorea must be done in places of mass growth of this plant. The collection of raw materials can be done from mid-April to November. It works like this:
- dig up the root and rhizomes;
- cleaned from the ground and cut off the remaining branches;
- cut into small pieces;
- rinse under cool water;
- you can dry it by sprinkling it in a thin layer, outdoors or in well-ventilated attics.
There are special dryers, but the temperature in them should not exceed 55 degrees Celsius. The readiness of the material is determined by the light brown surface, inside the root with a whitish tint. It tastes bitter and has a pungent aftertaste.
In this form, the finished raw materials can be stored in paper bags or boxes in a well-ventilated area. Shelf life is no more than 3 years.
How to take it right: instructions for use
In case of violation of cardiac activity
- 2 g of chopped wild yam root is poured into a small container;
- 200 mg of warm water is poured into it and kept in a water bath for 20 minutes;
- when it cools down, after filtering, add boiled water to the initial volume.
Application: 1 tbsp. l. 3 times a day for 30 days. After this period, the reception is stopped and resumed again after 21 days. Several repetitions are carried out depending on the state.
What could be worse than an incomprehensible allergy? Fortunately, this scourge can be dealt with. Dioscorea root tincture is effective for allergic dermatitis, eczema, neurodermatitis and psoriasis.
Recipe: 50 g of chopped root pour 0.5 l of vodka. They let it brew for 30 days.
Take: 30-60 drops, diluted with water, 3 times a day. The duration of admission, depending on the severity of the disease, can be from 4 months to 1 year.
- Mixes up in equal proportions:
- dioscorea root;
- birch leaves;
- white willow bark;
- Brew 20 g of raw materials in 0.5 l of boiled water.
- Insist warm for 1 hour.
Reception: 1/4 broth 3 times a day for a month.
For the prevention of hypertension
Dioscorea lowers blood pressure. It is recommended to use both in the initial stages (for the purpose of prophylaxis) and in severe forms of the disease. In addition, wild yam is recommended for cardiosclerosis, general atherosclerosis and when combined with hypertension.
Recipe: the root of wild yam and green tea are brewed in a ratio of 1: 2.
Accepted: in the morning after breakfast after 1 hour, once a day for 1 month.
Dioscorea is used in atherosclerosis of the vessels of the brain and heart to lower blood pressure. It reduces headaches, fatigue, irritability, improves mood and memory.
Recipe: 0.2 g of root powder is seized with a teaspoon of honey.
Take: three times a day for 10 days, then a week break and continue taking it again for 3-4 months.
Women with menopause
The medicinal plant has found application in the treatment of female diseases. The phytoestrogens contained in dioscorea enhance vital energy, protect against osteoporosis, normalize and maintain hormonal balance, eliminate the symptoms of menopause, and alleviate the manifestations of PMS.
With menopause, tincture will help: 2 g of Dioskereya roots are poured with 200 mg of water and boiled in a water bath, then placed in a thermos for half an hour.
Take: 1 tbsp. 3 times a day for exacerbations.
For rheumatoid arthritis
- 100 g root;
- 400 g of internal pork fat (not salted).
Cook in a water bath for 2 hours, stirring occasionally. Store the prepared ointment in a cool place.
Treatment: periodically rub into sore spots with pain.
- Place 50 g of wild yam roots in a small saucepan;
- pour 250 mg of hot water and put in a water bath for half an hour;
- insist 45 minutes.
Take: 1 tbsp. 3 times a day after meals. Duration of admission is 3 weeks. Break - 7 days. It is treated within 4 months.
Of the side effects, patients may note:
- loss of appetite;
- itchy skin;
- excessive sweating;
- intestinal disorders.
If side effects appear, it is necessary to reduce the amount of the drug taken or completely refuse to take it.
Dioscorea root is a medicine, which has a tonic, calming, anti-inflammatory effect on the human body.
After reading the article, you can choose for yourself the appropriate recipe for treatment, by preparing this amazing root yourself or by buying ready-made raw materials at the pharmacy.
To consolidate the material, we suggest you watch an educational video about Dioscorea, its medicinal properties and contraindications for use: