What is Caucasian Dioscorea and what medicinal properties does it have? Characteristics and rules of cultivation

Recently, people more and more often began to grow vines in their gardens, in their summer cottages. They look great in landscape.

But many of them, in addition to this, have useful medicinal properties. Dioscorea Caucasian - just such a vine.

Thanks to the valuable medicinal properties of the root of the plant, the people called it "the root of youth".

In some countries and various medical sources, it is found as wild yam. This species of the genus Dioscorea is found in the Caucasus.

What is it: botanical description and photo

Dioscorea Caucasian - a plant, a species of the genus Dioscorea, the Dioscorea family. This is a perennial herbaceous vine, its curly stems can reach a height of 4 meters. It has a long, thick and branched, horizontally located rhizome.

The leaves of the plant are petiolate, heart-ovate, slightly pointed with a slightly notched edge, on which there are 9-13 arcuate veins. The lower surface of the leaf blade is poorly pubescent. In the lower part of the shoot, the arrangement of the leaves is whorled, in the upper part it is alternate.

Dioscorea blooms in May-June... Its small (3-4 mm) flowers are unisexual and dioecious. The perianth is greenish in color. The fruit is a box, larger than a flower - 2-3 cm, with three membranous wings. Fruits appear in July-September.

The photo shows what this vine looks like.

Distribution and habitats

Dioscorea Caucasian is a relict plant, therefore it is found in few places... It grows mainly in the western regions of the Caucasus. Prefers the lower forest belt 400-1000 m above sea level (Abkhazia, Adler district of Krasnodar region).

Occurs in dry oak and oak-hornbeam forests, bushes, at rock outcrops. Prefers southern slopes and thin calcareous soils. The total area of ​​distribution of the plant is 15,000 hectares, but a much smaller part has commercial value.

Dioscorea is listed in the Red Book of Russia. For a long time, it did not give in to cultivation, but at the end of the 20th century, scientists were able to find conditions suitable for the species. Now the plant is grown near Moscow and in the Far East.

Medicinal properties and contraindications of the plant root

The rhizome of Caucasian Dioscorea contains saponins, they are also steroid glycosides... These substances have a very wide spectrum of biological activity. With the help of them, hormonal preparations are synthesized, for example, in Russia phytoestrogen diosgenin is actively used, on the basis of which medicines, dietary supplements, anti-aging cosmetics, and female contraceptives are made.

It is categorically impossible to take drugs and infusions containing dioscorea for people who have survived a stroke, as well as suffering from bradycardia, low blood pressure, gastritis, gastric ulcer and individual intolerance to individual plant components. Dioscorea is also not recommended for pregnant and lactating women.

The medicinal properties, benefits, use and contraindications of wild yam are described here.

Application in medicine

Consider what diseases this plant heals.

  • For the organs of vision... Cataracts, lysopia and farsightedness in the early stages can be treated with a collection of dioscorea, herbs cmin, sweet clover, hawthorn and sage. To do this, you need to take a course of three weeks.
  • For the gastrointestinal tract... Using the root of the plant improves gastrointestinal motility and can also treat gastritis, but only in the early stages. To do this, use a decoction of chopped dioscorea root, lemon balm, chamomile, fennel, ginger and mint. The drink should be consumed immediately before bedtime.
  • For the nervous system... For people with problems with the nervous system, he recommends treatment with decoctions based on dioscorea. The course is one month, and after it, blood pressure returns to normal, headaches stop, tinnitus disappears, sleep is normalized.
  • For the cardiovascular system... The plant has the ability to cleanse the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol, which is why it is often recommended for the elderly. Means, which include the root of dioscorea, can relieve the symptoms of atherosclerosis, improve the post-infarction state, mitigate the effects of stroke, high blood pressure and rheumatoid arthritis.

    Dioscorea also increases blood flow and vasodilatation, helping to prevent tachycardia and angina pectoris. People who have problems with the cardiovascular system are advised to use alcoholic tinctures on the dry root of the plant.

  • For respiratory organs... The plant is used to treat bronchitis and pneumonia. Also, regular intake of funds with dioscorea in the composition improves the well-being of patients with bronchial asthma.

Collection and storage

The plant is harvested either in spring or late autumn, during fruiting.

  1. You need to dig up the plant and cut off the ground parts.
  2. Next, the roots are cleaned: it is necessary to remove the soil and rotten areas from them.
  3. Then the rhizomes are cut into thin (2-4 mm thick) pieces 5-7 cm long.
  4. You need to dry the root of the dioscorea in a dark place, or in dryers.

Preparation of funds and their use

What do teas and decoctions, tinctures, ointments and powders based on dioscorea help from?

  • Tea... Tea from the root of the plant normalizes cholesterol levels in the human body, improves memory and sleep, increases blood circulation in the respiratory organs and enhances immunity. To brew tea, you need to mix green tea and roots in a 2: 1 ratio. It should be consumed one hour after breakfast. You can drink it on a regular basis.
  • Infusion... The use of dioscorea tincture helps with problems with the cardiovascular system. For tincture, you need to take 100 g of plant root per liter of vodka. The roots are kept in vodka for a week and a half, then the tincture is filtered. Drink 3 times a day, 25 drops, diluted with warm water.
  • Decoction... The broth improves the functioning of the digestive system and the nervous system. The roots are poured with hot water and heated for about half an hour. After that, the liquid must be cooled and filtered. Take a tablespoon 3 times a day after meals for a month. The course should be carried out every 4 months.
  • Powder... Accepted for atherosclerosis. To obtain the powder, the root of the dioscorea is ground. You need to take a third of a teaspoon per day, bite with honey. Every 10 days you need to take a break for a week. The course lasts no longer than 4 months.
  • Ointment... It is used to treat atherosclerosis of the legs. For 100 g of chopped root, take 400 g of pork fat. It is necessary to mix them and the resulting mixture is boiled for 2 hours in a water bath, stirring.

    The mixture is infused for half an hour, then placed in the refrigerator. The ointment is used before going to bed, but after it you must wrap your feet with a towel or hold over the steam.

Side effects

Side effects caused by this plant include:

  1. loss of appetite;
  2. bowel disorder;
  3. excessive sweating;
  4. itchy skin.

Growing at home

  1. Purchase of planting material... Dioscorea can be ordered online and received by mail or picked up independently, depending on where the store is located where the material is ordered. The average price for one seedling in Moscow is 150 rubles.
  2. Preparing inventory... To plant a dioscorea, no special equipment is required, a regular garden one will do.
  3. Preparing the landing site... The plant is not demanding on the composition of the soil, but it is better to plant it on loose, fertile soils with a neutral acidity level. Clay soils will restrict tuber growth and make harvesting more difficult.

    The site should be cleared of weeds. Lighting of the area where the dioscorea grows should be light and diffused. Recommended temperature in summer - + 20 ° C, in winter - not lower than + 13 ° C.

    Dioscorea tolerates dry conditions, but high humidity promotes better growth.

  4. Preparation of planting material... It is very difficult to grow this plant from seeds. It grows very slowly, and for growth it will need to constantly maintain a temperature of 25-30 ° C. It is easier to propagate with pieces of rhizomes, 6-7 cm in size.
  5. Landing... The roots are planted in spring or autumn to a depth of 10-12 cm at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other.
  6. Care... In summer, the plant must be watered abundantly. In autumn, watering is reduced, and by winter, watering becomes very rare. Periodically, you can weed and loosen the soil on which the dioscorea is grown.
  7. Wintering... For an adult specimen, mulching the trunk circle for the winter will be enough, but young plants should be dug up, placed in containers with sand and stored in a cool room, and planted in the spring.
  8. Diseases... Dioscorea Caucasian is disease resistant.
  9. Pests... The main pest of the plant is the red spider mite. You can understand that a specimen is affected by this pest by curled and dried leaves. If a lesion is found, wash the leaves with soapy water or spray with onion peel tincture.

Dioscorea Caucasian is a wonderful climbing liana, which is capable of not only decorating a garden with itself and bringing animation to any landscape. It has a huge number of medicinal properties, as well as unpretentious cultivation, so it is an excellent choice for any gardener.

Watch the video: Gadung Dioscorea hispida (November 2021).