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Clerodendrum is a genus of evergreen African plants that can exist in several forms: shrub, small tree or liana.
Cultivation of this plant began in the 17th century, but it became a houseplant not so long ago.
Possessing beautiful flowers of an unusual shape, he quickly gained popularity among designers and gardeners.
How to propagate?
Having an exotic origin, clerodendrum is very unpretentious to external conditions. A beautiful flower will grow with minimal requirements. So what methods of reproduction of this plant at home are there and which one is better to choose?
The dormant period for clerodendrum is autumn, and it lasts two to three months. At this time, the plant cannot be disturbed.
- Seed preparation... Having given preference to the reproduction of clerodendrum by seeds, it is necessary to correctly approach the choice of the seeds themselves.
It is necessary to plant fresh seeds with a reserve for their better preservation and germination.
- Soil and capacity... When choosing a container for planting, you should give preference to wooden or plastic boxes. In addition, excess fluid should be drained away. It is recommended to make holes in the bottom of the vessel. Clerodendrum grows well in slightly acidic soil. It would be ideal to prepare the earth for him yourself.
Ideal soil proportions will be:
- 2 parts of sod land;
- 1 part peat;
- 1 part sand.
- 4 parts of soil for planting roses;
- 1 part soil for azaleas.
These components should be disinfected: mix and heat in a microwave oven to 220 degrees. After that, our seeds can be planted in the ground.
- Germination conditions... After planting the seeds, the boxes must be sealed, covered with glass or foil. Then put them in a warm and well-lit place.
Maintain constant humidity by spraying and constant ventilation. Seeds germinate rather slowly, the first shoots can be seen no earlier than after 1.5 months. So be patient.
- The best time to plant... Clerodendrum seeds are fully ripe by the end of winter. The ideal breeding time is early March. The seeds are not pushed deep into the ground, they are only laid out on the surface and slightly pressed.
With proper care, clerodendrum will bloom in a year.
The method of propagation of this plant by cuttings is considered the easiest and most effective, and is also more popular with flower growers.
- Training... Healthy shoots are suitable for cuttings, or parts that have been removed as a result of pruning the plant. Cuttings for seedlings should have at least three buds, and all old leaves should be cut off.
The ideal time for such breeding is the period from April to September.
- The choice of soil and capacity. The capacity for a young clerodendrum can be small cups. Further, as the plant grows up, you need to transplant it into a pot. A medium-sized pot is optimal for adult asthenia. As with seed propagation, turfy soil mixed with peat and sand is usually used.
When and how to root?
Before planting the cutting in the ground, the roots should be germinated. To do this, the selected part must be placed in a glass of water, covered with a transparent film and placed in a dark place. You should also periodically add fresh water. After a few days you can see the roots formed, but they will be very fragile.
The transplant procedure should be done carefully so as not to break new roots.
- You should start by preparing the container for planting: a drainage layer with a thickness of no more than three cm should be laid on the bottom.
- Next, fill up, prepared in advance, with a soil mixture 2/3 of the total volume. It remains only to thoroughly moisten the soil and carefully plant the cutting.
- At the end of the procedure, it is necessary to fill up the soil and cover the planted stalk with a cut plastic bottle. It will need to be removed when the first leaves appear.
Water the plant abundantly in the first week after rooting.
It is very easy to care for clerodedrum:
- In his homeland, in the tropics, he receives a large amount of moisture and diffused light. Therefore, the ideal location in the quarter would be a window on the south side and with a darkening film.
The plant should be protected from exposure to direct rays. Conversely, being located on the north side can deprive the flower of sufficient light, leading to its wilting.
- You can water the plant with settled water or spring water every three days. The soil should always be moist.
Clerodendrum vines are sprayed every day.
- Many owners feed their plant. It never hurts him, but you should not go too often with this procedure. Any fertilizer for flowering indoor plants can be a top dressing. During the dormant period, the plant cannot be fed.
Do not part with feeding, it is enough once every 45 days.
Check out the photo of the clerodendrum, or "tree of fate", which is well cared for:
Possible problems and solutions
- As the owner of delicate and thin leaves, clerodendrum is susceptible to sunburn. With this problem, it is necessary to change the location of the plant.
- Dry spots are caused by a draft that the plant is exposed to.
- Infection with a spider mite causes yellowing of the leaves (why do the leaves turn yellow and fall off in Clerodendrum?). Prevention will be regular watering and spraying.
- Fungal diseases can be eradicated with a solution of fufan or karbofos.
- The lack of flowering can be caused by a violation of the dormant period of the clerodendrum.
Both an experienced gardener and an amateur can please themselves with the unusual flowering of clerodendrum. To become the owner of this flower, you only need to collect seeds at the beginning of spring from another plant or cut a stalk from it. The breeding procedure in any of these ways is easy and straightforward. By following simple rules, you can quickly get a healthy adult plant.
The variety of colors of clerodendrum is simply amazing. Due to the fact that recently florists and botanical breeders have paid attention to this plant, more and more new species and varieties have begun to appear.
We offer you to watch a video about the features of growing clerodendrum: