Features of flowering ampel geranium. Why does it sometimes not bloom, what should be the care at home?

The ivy-leaved ampelous geranium belongs to the pelargonium family. The homeland of this flower is South Africa. The curly variety is very beautiful due to its long hanging shoots and lush flowers.

A common problem is poor, late or short flowering. In order not to run into it, it is important to choose a suitable container, plant geraniums correctly and ensure its full care.

How, when, under what conditions does it bloom at home?

At home, ampelous geranium begins to bloom in the spring. The end of flowering occurs in early or mid-autumn. The exact timing depends on the variety:

  • "Summer rain" - from May to mid-autumn.
  • Crystal Queen - from late spring to September.
  • "Tuscany" - from May to the beginning of frost.

For the plant to form numerous buds and lush flowers, it needs good lighting. The soil should be well fertilized:

  • In the spring, geraniums are fed 2 times with nitrogen fertilizers.
  • At the third and fourth feeding, substances containing potassium and phosphorus are introduced. Nitrogen at this time is undesirable: it promotes delayed and poor flowering.

The diameter of the pot where the plant is transplanted should exceed the previous one by 2-3 cm.

Photo of ivy-leaved pelargonium

Further in the photo you can see how the ivy-leaved ampelous geranium blooms.

Distinctive features, advantages and disadvantages

The difference between ivy ampelous geranium and ordinary geranium is that it forms hanging shoots up to 1 meter long.

The advantage of this species is long flowering, which lasts all summer, and in some varieties - until the end of autumn. The flowers are large, lush, formed in large numbers.

Features of an adult plant:

  • Buds... Bright, large and lush.
  • Leaves... The original five-fingered shape, smooth, with a glossy sheen.
  • Stems... Hanging, thinner than common geraniums.
  • Escapes... They grow from the main stem and give the bush a lush appearance.

Flowers in the ampelous variety vary in size, shape and color. Variegated varieties look unusual: they are beautiful not only during flowering.

Another advantage of the plant is its simplicity. Ivy geraniums are no more difficult to care for than regular geraniums.

There is only one drawback of this variety: it does not tolerate winter well in conditions of lack of light. There are two options:

  1. arrange a cool winter;
  2. organize additional illumination with ultraviolet devices.

What care you need to provide to bloom magnificently: step by step instructions

Further, it is discussed how to properly care for ampelous geraniums at home. Before planting ampelous pelargonium or bringing it from the store, you need to choose a place. This flower culture loves good lighting and is not afraid of direct sunlight.

The most suitable windows are from the south and south-east side. In the courtyard, pots with ivy-leaved pelargonium are placed in open areas.

Competent landing

You can plant a stalk or a separated part of a bush. The right time is spring. Transplanting is not recommended during flowering. Can be transplanted in the fall. Pelargonium takes root well, the main thing is to prepare a suitable soil.

Soil composition:

  • 2 parts of sod land;
  • 1 part sand;
  • 1 part peat.

Additionally, you can add a little clay and coal, crushed into powder. All components are mixed, the soil is spilled with a solution of potassium permanganate, boiling water or ignited in the oven. A small layer of expanded clay is laid at the bottom of the container - it will play the role of drainage.

How much to plant?

The smaller the pot, the more lush the bloom. The optimal diameter for one plant is 10-14 cm. When replanting, it takes a container with a diameter of 2-3 cm larger. When the bush reaches such a size that it needs a pot larger than 14 cm in diameter, a division is performed. Each learned specimen is again planted in a small pot.

How to water and what to feed?

The need for moisture is determined by the top layer of the soil: when it is slightly dry, it is time to water. Do not allow the earthen coma to dry out and water stagnation on the soil surface.

Water more often in summer, less often in winter. You do not need to spray the plant, otherwise the leaves will rot. At any time of the year, the ampelous geranium is ventilated, but so that there are no drafts.

They begin to feed in early spring and stop at the end of summer. The frequency of fertilization is 1 time in 10-14 days.

The regularity and composition of top dressing affects the quality and duration of flowering.

When ampelous geranium is just starting to grow, it needs nitrogen to form a green mass. Bud formation and flowering are periods when the plant requires phosphorus and potassium.

It is better to feed it with ready-made fertilizers for ampelous pelargonium: the components in them are selected in the correct proportion. Purchased funds alternate with homemade ones. For example, you can water:

  • With diluted milk.
  • Infusion of onion peels.
  • With settled water with the addition of iodine (1 drop per 50 ml). With an iodine solution, gently watered the soil closer to the edge of the pot.

Do I need cropping and how to do it?

Removing unnecessary shoots is necessary for rejuvenation, healing the bush and making it decorative. Without forming, the plant gradually becomes less attractive. A good time for pruning is late autumn, when the bush has faded and is ready for winter.

If you leave the plant to winter with all the leaves, and in the spring less inflorescences are formed than they could. Deep pruning is performed: the shoots that have grown from the leaf sinuses are shortened, leaving 7 leaves on each. The branches that have grown from the roots are left intact.

Runs that grow from the crown are removed if they are dry, weak, or diseased. During the winter, geraniums can fluff up and grow, then in the spring they are pruned again. At the same time, excess shoots are removed, leaving so many buds so that the plant can form a lush bush.

During spring, the bush is formed by pinching. Part of the shoot is removed after the fifth leaf. This procedure is done regularly.

Why is it not blooming, how to deal with diseases and pests?

Lack of flowering can be caused by improper care. Possible reasons:

  • excess or lack of fertilizers or a separate element;
  • excessive moisture or dryness;
  • blackout;
  • thickening.

If everything is in order with this, you need to look for the cause in diseases or pests. Ampelnaya pelargonium often gets sick with "black leg" and gray mold. These are fungal diseases.

Gray mold control measures:

  1. removal of all damaged flowers, leaves and shoots;
  2. fungicide treatment;
  3. reduction of watering;
  4. airing the room.

To combat bacterial lesions and rot, "Fitosparin" and "Horus" are used.

A plant with a "black leg" is destroyed. The first sign of the disease is a blackened stem, so other geranium bushes need to be carefully examined.

Geranium may not bloom when it is cold. A characteristic feature is reddening of the leaves.

With excessive watering, the leaves turn yellow and fall off.

Pests of ivy geraniums are caterpillars and slugs. They eat the leaves, after which the bush not only stops blooming, but may also die. Mostly the specimens growing in the yard are attacked. Having found slugs and caterpillars, they are treated with insecticides.

With proper care, ampelous geranium will delight with lush flowering from late spring until frost. Pots with it can be placed in the yard, because the leaves are not afraid of open sunlight, and the shoots are not afraid of the wind. It is only important to gradually accustom the plants to outdoor maintenance, and in the fall to bring them indoors in time.

Watch the video: Geranium care for long lasting blooms and plants! How to propagate by cuttings or seed. (November 2021).