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Schiller's graceful phalaenopsis: description, varieties with photos, cultivation features, care

Schiller's graceful phalaenopsis: description, varieties with photos, cultivation features, care


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In natural conditions, Schiller's phalaenopsis can be seen only during the period of flower opening, since the rest of the time the plant hides behind larger crops.

But on the windowsills of modern apartments, in the interior of offices, the flower continues to delight others with its beauty and unusual flowering.

This article will show you how to care for a variety at home to achieve lush blooms and lush greenery.

History of origin, origin and habitat

For the first time, Schiller's phalaenopsis was mentioned in the 19th century - in 1856. The culture is named after a collector from Germany who brought this variety to Europe. The first description of the variety appeared in 1860 by the botanist Reichenbach. Phalaenopsis came to England already in 1862.

Now the variety is ubiquitous, growing at home in any part of the world.

Description

Leaf plates are an important component of the appearance of an orchid. They are always fleshy, large, green or dark green. Above, the leaves are often covered with a silvery bloom (in the form of transverse stripes), and below they are purple or red. The foliage is wide, long - it grows up to 45 cm in length, their shape is oval.

In the homeland of the Schiller variety, the Philippines, it received the second name "tiger" because of the pale stripes on the petals. The shade of the buds is pale pink with white stripes.

The rhizomes are flat, like other phalaenopsis species. They have a silver-green tint. When watering the plant, the color of the roots becomes richer.

Peduncles grow up to a meter in length, most often they twist. The shade of the peduncle can be red or brown. If you tie a peduncle to a support, then it can grow in the form of an arch.

Up to four flowers can develop on a plant at the same time.

What is the difference from other species?

The main advantage of Schiller's phalaenopsis is the ability to grow it both in pots and in blocks. and even in baskets. In these cases, it is worth considering that aerial roots will grow very quickly.

Varieties and subspecies of orchids with photos

Immaculata

Phalaenopsis schilleriana var. immaculata is the most popular Schiller subspecies. Petals of a pale pink shade, with a white tint. Each flower usually has 4-5 petals.

Purpurea

The difference with the first representative is only in colors. The buds are bright pink.

Splendens

Bred in 1878. The buds are pale pink.

Philadelphia

Combines two colors: white at the edges of the petals, and closer to the center they turn pink.

Pink Butterfly

Literally translated as "pink butterfly". The name was given in appearance. When opened, the flowers resemble a pink fluttering butterfly.

Shillerian orchid hybrids

  • Phalaenopsis Confirmation.
  • Phalaenopsis Schillambo. Unusual colors - white and orange stripes are combined.
  • Phalaenopsis Leucorrhoda. Pale pink, almost white color of the buds.
  • Phalaenopsis San Shia Lady.
  • Phalaenopsis Ayleen. White flowers with a dense pink dot.
  • Phalaenopsis Veitchiana.
  • Phalaenopsis Boen Soepardi. Yellow petals with a pink tongue.
  • Phalaenopsis Essence Shihfong.
  • Phalaenopsis Zuma's Angelita. Yellow buds with orange pigmentation.
  • Phalaenopsis Schillgig. White petals with small pink dots.
  • Phalaenopsis Morges la Coquette. Combination of pink and peach color.
  • Phalaenopsis Baguio. White bud with pink stripes.
  • Phalaenopsis Love Heart.
  • Phalaenopsis Regnier.
  • Phalaenopsis Bronze Maiden. Differs in an unusual red-orange shade of flowers.
  • Phalaenopsis Pink Heart. White bud with a bright pink core.
  • Phalaenopsis Philishill.
  • Phalaenopsis Grand Conde.
  • Phalaenopsis Wiganiae. Unusual flower - pink pigmentation appears on the lower white petals.
  • Phalaenopsis Maria Dream. The color of the flower is similar to that of a ripe autumn apple.
  • Phalaenopsis Tetraschiller.
  • Phalaenopsis Essence Yenpei. The color of the buds is deep yellow with orange splashes.
  • Phalaenopsis Lanny.
  • Phalaenopsis Fabienne Dream.
  • Phalaenopsis Franziska Dream.

Bloom

When and how do the buds appear?

At home, Schiller's phalaenopsis can bloom all year round, but it is better not to get carried away with this, since the plant needs to be given time to recover. Most often, the orchid throws out buds between March and September.

What if it doesn't bloom?

  1. The first thing to do to ensure flowering is to trim the stem after the previous buds. To do this, you need to wait until it turns yellow. It is this manipulation that allows the orchid to gain strength for the next flowering.

    If the peduncle remains green for a long time, it still needs to be removed, leaving a few centimeters near the root outlet. Throwing away this part is not worth it, put the greens in the water - children can grow on it.

  2. It is also recommended to arrange a stressful situation for Phalaenopsis. For this, the culture is placed in a dark place with a low temperature and is not watered for 10-15 days. After that, they again take out into the light and moisten the soil. After the stress experienced, the plant should throw out the peduncle.

Care

We will tell you about leaving before flowering in detail below in our article. But the care after the withering of the last bud is as follows:

  1. Be sure to remove the peduncle.
  2. Stop feeding and reduce the frequency and abundance of watering.
  3. Put the orchid in a place without bright light for a month.

All these actions will create rest conditions for the phalaenopsis, under which it will be able to restore strength for a new flowering period.

Step by step instructions for home care

Seat selection

It must be remembered here that diffused light is needed for all phalaenopsis. To ensure it, choose the southern sides of the room. But at the same time, do not forget to protect the flower from the scorching rays during the hot period. To do this, hang reflective foil or a sheet of white paper on the window.

You can also place a flowerpot on the southeast or southwest sides of the room. There will be a lot of light here, but the sun will no longer be so hot.

Preparing the soil and pot

The flowerpot must be made of plastic. No other materials are suitable, since they have roughness inside them, into which the rhizome can grow. Also, choose only transparent containers for planting - they will allow the roots to take part in photosynthesis.

As for the soil, it is better to purchase it ready-made. The stores sell special substrates designed specifically for planting orchids. It is good if the mixture contains sphagnum moss (it will provide constant moisture) and bark (it will serve as drainage).

Temperature

Phalaenopsis Schiller comes from the tropics, so he loves warmth. During the day, it is recommended to maintain the temperature in the range of 22-24 degrees above zero.

A prerequisite for growing Schiller's phalaenopsis, like other types of orchids, is to withstand daily temperature changes - it is 4-5 degrees. Therefore, the recommended night temperature is 18-20 degrees Celsius.

During the recovery period, you can reduce the daytime temperature to + 17- + 18 degrees, and the nighttime - to + 13- + 14 degrees.

Lower temperatures will lead to root rot and stunted growth.

Humidity

The orchid loves well humidified air. therefore the plant must be sprayed daily with settled water. Once a week, it is recommended to arrange a shower for Schiller - this will not only refresh the flower, but also wash away the dust from it.

If the drops on the leaves have not dried up within an hour, wipe them with a dry cloth.

Also a container with water placed next to it helps well. When it evaporates, the liquid increases the humidity in the air.

Lighting

An orchid requires a long day of light lasting at least 10 hours a day. If there is not enough natural light, use artificial light (phytolamps are best suited, because they do not heat up and do not burn the plant).

Phalaenopsis loves a lot of ambient light. In a hot period, you need to protect the culture from bright sunlight.

Watering

Phalaenopsis is drought tolerant, so experienced growers say that it is better to sometimes forget to water the flower than to do it too often. The next watering will be only when the topsoil is dry for 2-3 days. Make sure that after moistening the soil, it does not turn green.

It is recommended to use settled water or rainwater to moisten the soil. Filtered liquid is not suitable as it does not contain enough trace elements. The air temperature should be at room temperature.

Top dressing

Choose ready-made complex fertilizers for orchids for feeding. The frequency of use is 2-3 times a month.

Make sure that both potassium and phosphorus are present in the complex. If there is a lot of potassium, only greens will grow, and there will be no flowering.

Transfer

Schiller's phalaenopsis is transplanted once a year. The optimal time for this is the beginning of autumn. During this period, the plant has already recovered from the previous flowering, but has not yet begun to bloom again.

  1. After removing the rhizomes from the ground, they need to be examined, dry and affected parts removed.
  2. Use only disinfected instruments to remove roots. Treat the cuts with ash or crushed coal.

How to propagate?

The most optimal way of reproduction is transplantation with lateral processes ("children"):

  1. wait until the roots appear on the "kids";
  2. carefully cut off the branch from the main shoot with a sharp blade;
  3. put it in a small container.

Caring for a small shoot is no different from caring for an adult orchid.

Diseases and pests

Among the most common diseases and pests, the following are found:

  • Black rot.
  • Root rot.
  • Brown rot.
  • Fusarium rot.
  • Gray rot.
  • Anthracnose.
  • Rust.
  • Spotting.
  • Cymbidium mosaic.
  • Ring virus odontoglossum.
  • Cattleya mosaic.

Fungicides are used to fight diseases, and pests are fought with insecticides.

For complete recovery and destruction of parasites, you need to carry out 2-3 treatments of the plant with a break of 5-7 days.

Prevention of various problems

The most important preventive measure is proper plant care, which includes:

  • moderate watering;
  • good lighting;
  • airing;
  • regular feeding.

Phalaenopsis Schiller is one of the best representatives of the orchid family. This species is relatively unpretentious to care for, but at the same time it looks extraordinary and attracts the attention of others.


Watch the video: 14 Easy Steps: Orchid Care For Beginners. Phalaenopsis orchid care for beginners. iKnow (May 2022).